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Old 14th November 2010, 06:48 AM   #1
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Default E-I core

Hi everybody,
I wonder is there anyone designed an E-I ferrite core? I want to ask a question
Why is the width of I core is equal to the width of center of E-core? (in many datasheets) wi=wb
Click the image to open in full size.
Thank you so much!
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Old 15th November 2010, 06:06 AM   #2
luka is offline luka  Slovenia
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Not that I can see anything from the picture, but "I" has same cross section as outer legs of "E", and only 1/2 of center one
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Old 15th November 2010, 07:24 AM   #3
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Hi, luka
I am sorry for confusing you. wi is width of "I" whereas wb( below ds in the same vertical line on the left) is width of center of "E" core. I do not know why they are the same in many datasheet. Can you also explain your answer?
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Old 15th November 2010, 08:20 AM   #4
Elvee is offline Elvee  Belgium
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Quote:
Originally Posted by phieuxuatkho View Post
Hi everybody,
I wonder is there anyone designed an E-I ferrite core? I want to ask a question
Why is the width of I core is equal to the width of center of E-core? (in many datasheets) wi=wb
Click the image to open in full size.
Thank you so much!
Do you have examples of such cores?

I only find examples having areas identical to the outer legs, or even smaller, as in this case:
http://www.alliancemagnetics.com/pdf...re_Ferrite.pdf
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Old 15th November 2010, 08:44 AM   #5
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Can you take a look at this
e142.pdf
and e141.pdf
This is from TDK company. Can you also take a look at EIR because in this type of core, the same phenomenon.
Thanks!
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Old 15th November 2010, 12:23 PM   #6
luka is offline luka  Slovenia
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I don't know what you are looking at, but I and H are the same as they should be
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Old 15th November 2010, 12:48 PM   #7
AndrewT is offline AndrewT  Scotland
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Hi,
The geometry has to do with minimising waste and the flow of flux around the magnetic circuit.

Start with the magnetic circuit.

Take a flux passing down the left leg (of the E lying on it's back) and an identical flux flowing down the right leg.
These will turn the corner and flow towards the middle. Since the flux in the vertical is identical to the horizontal flow the areas of these legs and the bottom of the E must be the same.

The flux arrives at the middle junction. Here the two flux flow routes sum to double and flow up the middle of the E. Double the flow due to the summ requires double the iron area. That makes the the width of the middle E leg exactly twice the width of the previous legs.

When the flux flow gets to the top, the flux flow splits into two and flows away from the middle leg into the I. Again the width of the I matches the width of the top & bottom E legs.

Now consider cutting these metal pieces.

Join two Es together to make a big figure 8.

The Is are the pieces stamped out to form the winding gap.
The length of the I exactly matches half the Depth of the E gap.
From the 8 you get two Es and two Is. The E&Is add up to exactly 100% of the metal area. If the stamping machine is exactly set up with new cutters then the wastage is zero.

The clever bit is ensuring they get no sharp edge due to shearing the plate. The sharps would cut through the insulation. I don't know how they do that, certainly not by hand.
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Old 15th November 2010, 01:28 PM   #8
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Hi, Andrew T.
Thanks for your explanation. However, I am little bit confusing. According to you, is that the width of left and right leg also need to equal to width of I-core( this is not true in reality)? If always the width of I-core equals that of center of E-core why some manufacturers make them different( I do not think it is not hard to make them equal)
Thanks!
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Old 15th November 2010, 01:42 PM   #9
AndrewT is offline AndrewT  Scotland
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the width of the middle leg of the E is twice the width of every other leg.

Start with a 6x8 sheet.
This will give two 6x4 E and two 6x1 I
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Old 15th November 2010, 01:52 PM   #10
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Yep. I understand your point. E= A-D( as below figure)
I wander why in many cases: B-F-I=I ( width of center of E-core equals that of I core) but in many other case they are not equal?
Click the image to open in full size.
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