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Old 27th October 2010, 03:03 AM   #1
wwenze is offline wwenze  Singapore
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Default Help needed - reservoir capacitor after reservoir capacitor

I have a PSU board with 1,000uF of capacitance after the regulator. I plan to buy a DAC board to use with it, but majority of DAC boards come with its own regulated power supply on-board.

I'll not use the on-board regulators of course, but what should I do with where the DAC board's reservoir caps (total capacitance a few hundred uF)are supposed to be?

Considering that typical impedance of electrolytics are in the order of 0.1 to 0.01 ohms the 5cm wire shouldn't add any significant impedance, am I right to say that? If that's the case, will using those few-hundred uF capacitors on the DAC board be useful or detrimental? (since the impedance of the single smaller capacitor is likely to be higher than the pair of 470uF on the PSU board)

Should I replace it with ceramic or plastic film?
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Old 27th October 2010, 04:27 AM   #2
tomchr is offline tomchr  United States
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If you bypass the on-board regulators, you will still need some capacitance where the power enters the DAC board. Typically 10 uF is used but more is better. I'd just leave the caps there.

The issue isn't so much the resistance of the 5 cm wire but the 50 nH of inductance it adds.

~Tom
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Old 28th October 2010, 06:03 PM   #3
qusp is offline qusp  Australia
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interesting that there is so much capacitance after the regulator on your PSU, quite a lot of high performance regulators do not particularly like driving a capacitive load.
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Old 29th October 2010, 04:58 AM   #4
wwenze is offline wwenze  Singapore
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LM317, does that count as high performance regulator?

I thought I was used to seeing a few thousand uF after said regulator in some equipment, maybe I thought wrong.
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Old 29th October 2010, 09:09 AM   #5
wwenze is offline wwenze  Singapore
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Another idea... if I make the LM317 on the PSU board output 9V which the DAC board with its regulators require and leave the regulator there, will I get better or worse performance this way?

I'll be using the PSU board to power some op-amps somewhere anyway (via another pair of 317/337 also on the board), the transformer I'll be using has a 9.5VAC for the 5V I don't think letting the unheatsinked LM340 on the DAC board drop the full 8.4V is a good idea.
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Old 29th October 2010, 10:40 AM   #6
DF96 is online now DF96  England
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The fact that many people do something does not mean it is necessarily a good idea. It should not be necessary to add lots of capacitance after a good regulator, just a little to deal with HF noise. Too much capacitance can cause instability by upsetting the negative feedback loop within the regulator. It also creates a failure mode, if the downstream caps discharge backward through the regulator on switch-off.
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Old 29th October 2010, 12:10 PM   #7
sreten is offline sreten  United Kingdom
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Hi,

The simplest way of doing it is using the onboard regulators.
Add some R between your supply and the board to drop
down to 9V and you will have some CRC filtering as well.

"Triple filtered, for a smoother taste ....."

rgds, sreten.
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Old 29th October 2010, 12:52 PM   #8
macboy is offline macboy  Canada
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You need the local bypass. It is the inductance of the leads from power supply to load that is troublesome, not the resistance. The bypass caps close to the load mitigate this. They don't need to be big caps, especially for small loads.

I totally agree with CRC filtering. I'd add enough R to get maybe 100 mV drop from power supply to load. This can dramatically reduce high frequency noise. It also slightly reduces load regulation, but for many loads the trade-off is worth it. If you use CRC filtering then bigger local bypass caps are better.
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Old 29th October 2010, 01:16 PM   #9
sreten is offline sreten  United Kingdom
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Hi, I cannot see whats wrong with a 1V or so drop, rgds, sreten.
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