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ML Odyssey low pass XO Q pls
ML Odyssey low pass XO Q pls
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Old 26th July 2017, 04:14 PM   #1
sumotan is offline sumotan  Indonesia
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Default ML Odyssey low pass XO Q pls

Hi Guys,
Need advice. I recalled that the Odyssey low pass xo is set at 270hz.
when I calculated the 2nd order using butterworth the inductor value of
5mh is correct but the cap value should be 70uf. Question, why is ML using
170uf instead. Would appreciate some explanation here

Thks




ML Crossover.pdf
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Old 22nd August 2017, 04:04 PM   #2
bolserst is offline bolserst  United States
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Remember that the impedance of the woofer will not be a constant 4ohm resistance. It has inductance as well. Attached is an example woofer impedance curve showing the rising impedance at higher frequencies caused by the inductance.

To compensate for non-constant impedance the values of crossover parts, like the capacitor, need to be adjusted to achieve the desired low pass crossover response. It is difficult to do properly without measurement equipment.
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File Type: png Woofer_Impedance_Example.png (38.9 KB, 72 views)
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Old 23rd August 2017, 12:52 AM   #3
sumotan is offline sumotan  Indonesia
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Thanks for the explanation Bolserst.
Wouldn't increasing the value of the
capacitor from 70 - 170 uf changes
the crossover frequency as well ?
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Old 23rd August 2017, 04:53 AM   #4
Andersonix is offline Andersonix  Sweden
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ML Odyssey low pass XO Q pls
My notes say Odyssey's xo is 250Hz (from the ML brochure)
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Old 23rd August 2017, 12:25 PM   #5
bentoronto is offline bentoronto  Canada
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ML Odyssey low pass XO Q pls
At those sizes, aren't those electrolytic caps? Must be something of a conjecture to assess their capacitance in operation. And the capacitance must shift around with various long- and short-term factors. Data?

I've come to think that these passive crossovers* are inconceivably shoddy element in a quality system. Silly putting such a gizmo between the amp and (most kinds of) speaker. Just can't be done by-the-book. That's what quality manufacturers spend many testing hours and end up with 18-element crossovers to make 'em work right.

B.
*I can never remember which is called high-level and which is low-level
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Last edited by bentoronto; 23rd August 2017 at 12:27 PM.
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Old 23rd August 2017, 12:42 PM   #6
sumotan is offline sumotan  Indonesia
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I've played with the front woofer crossover by changing cap value as well
1st order just using the coil & a couple of resistors to lower output.
I get a clearer sound & open sound. I kind of wonder besides taming the
impedance, was ML trying also to merge sound of woofer & panel more
consistantly. From experience speakers with low mounted woofer don't
sound gd or intergrated in Asia whereby houses are mostly brick, cement,
concrete construction. In order to resolve this I raise the speakers at least
5 inches above the floor. Bass expands & does not sound like looking down
on the bass at floor level.

Cheers
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Old 24th August 2017, 11:16 PM   #7
bolserst is offline bolserst  United States
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Quote:
Originally Posted by sumotan View Post
… Wouldn't increasing the value of the capacitor from 70 - 170 uf changes the crossover frequency as well ?
Yes, changing the capacitor value will change the crossover, but that is what is required to achieve the desired crossover response when the real woofer impedance is used instead of an ideal 4 ohm resistor. Attached below is an example to illustrate the difference in response when crossover parts are driving an ideal resistive load vs. driving a real woofer that has inductance. I don't have the impedance curve for the Odyssey woofer, so I just used an 8" woofer I had on file. In this case a capacitor value of 185uF provided the best fit to the desired crossover response.

- The red curve shows the desired crossover response for the woofer.
- The blue curve in the left plot shows that when the component values for an ideal 4 ohm crossover are used with a real woofer, the crossover doesn’t roll off until well above the desired frequency.
- The blue curve in the right plot shows that if the capacitor value is adjusted upwards you can achieve very close to the desired response even when used with a real woofer.

Every woofer and crossover frequency will require unique adjustments to achieve desired response. Without measurement equipment, it is difficult if not impossible to do.
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File Type: png Woofer_inductance_crossover_example.png (78.6 KB, 54 views)

Last edited by bolserst; 24th August 2017 at 11:20 PM.
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Old 25th August 2017, 05:39 AM   #8
sumotan is offline sumotan  Indonesia
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Wow thank you so kindly for the tutorial Bolserst.
Though it may measure ideally but in my listening
room it does not sound so good

Thanks again
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Old 29th August 2017, 01:29 AM   #9
Andersonix is offline Andersonix  Sweden
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ML Odyssey low pass XO Q pls
Here's what we're looking at in one place, attached.
Ordinarily it would be easy to suggest using active xo on the bass, but on Odyssey there are two different bass drivers doing slightly different things (in separate sealed compartments), so one would need 1 channel of xo & amp per woofer, which could get a bit involved.

All that in parallel is a miserable load for any amp. Try passive bi-amping? Whatever you do, don't use the bass cut control.
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File Type: png ML Odyssey woofer xo specs.png (161.5 KB, 31 views)
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Old 30th August 2017, 03:33 AM   #10
bolserst is offline bolserst  United States
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Quote:
Originally Posted by sumotan View Post
Though it may measure ideally but in my listening
room it does not sound so good
This is often the case. The design of the speaker will be optimized to give the best response for most listening rooms. This doesn't necessarily mean it will in yours, especially at the lower frequencies where the room has the biggest effect on the sound. If you can measure the sound at your listening position, you will better understand why it isn't sounding as good as you would like. Then perhaps we could figure out how best to correct the problem.
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