Rule of thumb for BIAS current in class A
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 30th January 2007, 11:03 PM #1 diyAudio Member   Join Date: Dec 2003 Location: Near Seattle Rule of thumb for BIAS current in class A Obviously the more the better for bias, but as a general rule, what is the minimum BIAS I should consider in a ClassA circuit? For my Zen, I know that the bias was set to about 3x the peak output current expected (10-watts into 8 ohms ~ 1.25 amps, BIAS set to 3amps). I just got some HD 555s for Christmas and I'm working out a design for a headphone amp. Given my max output current is more in the 100mA range, I can afford quite a bit more relative bias than in the Zen. I normally use the "10 is significantly larger than 1" rule in most of my designs so my first instinct is to set my bias to 10x my output current. What do you think? -- Danny
 30th January 2007, 11:22 PM #2 diyAudio Member   Join Date: Feb 2001 Location: Columbia, SC Actually, 10W into 8 Ohms represents something closer to 1.1Arms. The extra bias is of use for those whose speakers are less than 8 Ohms...which includes nearly everyone since most speakers have impedance dips. For headphones I'd say you could do quite nicely with an amp of bias. I just described a headphone amp with .5A bias in another thread, albeit with 24V rails. How high you set your rail voltage will factor into your design, too. I chose 24V because MOSFET capacitances increase rather rapidly below that. If I'd gone with bipolars, I could have used lower rail voltages. On the other hand, it would take more current to drive the circuit. Just a question of which choices you want to make. Grey
 30th January 2007, 11:39 PM #3 diyAudio Member     Join Date: Jul 2005 Location: North East I beleive the real reason for the 2-3Amps of bias is due to the MOSFETs themselves. They start to get pretty linear above 2 Amps or so. However, in a balanced, differential or bridged circuit, the two sides of the amp tend to cancel each others non-linearities
 30th January 2007, 11:52 PM #4 diyAudio Member     Join Date: Sep 2002 Location: North of Boston Rule of thumb. Put you thumb on the heatsink for more than 5 seconds and the bias is to low. __________________ MikeW
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Re: Rule of thumb for BIAS current in class A

Quote:
 Originally posted by azira I normally use the "10 is significantly larger than 1" rule in most of my designs so my first instinct is to set my bias to 10x my output current. What do you think?
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