F5c V2.0 Cascode Build Documentation - Page 3 - diyAudio
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Old 14th February 2013, 08:12 PM   #21
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True; looks like each channel will be multiple PCBs. I wasnt going to go too crazy with the power levels (40-50W)
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Old 14th February 2013, 09:00 PM   #22
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I hadn't even noticed the boards were out of stock. How long have they been unavailable? I wanted to order a couple more sets.

cviller, thanks for the nice comments. Your help was essential to complete the project.

Steve
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Old 14th February 2013, 09:23 PM   #23
zoe is offline zoe  United States
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Thanks for the nice words. I used these resistors because I had them.I'm planning on using Fairchilds FQA19N20 and FQA12P20's however I also ordered some Toshiba 2SK1530
and 2SJ201's. For the bias I am going to see how high I can get it. First time building a solid-state amp so I am new to this. I'll check for cold solder joints as some don't look so good I can see more from the picture then with my reading glasses.
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Old 19th February 2013, 01:36 AM   #24
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We are providing an update on some additional measurements that we have made.

Last night we rebiased the F5c V2.0 amplifier and took some measurements. One channel we perfectly biased at 376 mV across a MOSFET source resistor and an offset of -1 mv DC. The other channel had wandered a bit (about six weeks) with an offset of about 31 mV DC. After biasing again, both channels were at 375 to 376 mV across source resistors had about 1 mV DC offset and held quite stable.

Then, as requested, we took some measurements of the power supply while under load (each MOSFET 0.8 A bias). On the scope both + and –VDC going to amp boards was quite smooth. But with increased sensitivity, we could detect about 42 mV AC on the DC output to the amplifier boards.

And then we took some voltage measurements. As noted in our documentation, we expected to see about 34 VDC and -34VDC on the rails, but found exactly 30 VDC. Thus, despite our design, our 34 VDC rails have become 30 VDC rails. And, therefore, the bases of our cascodes are getting about ˝ of that voltage to their 450 ohm resistors (R29 and R30), though that seems to be plenty, in that we bias quite easily. In retrospect, we should have expected about 30 to 31 VDC on the rails if, as has been suggested by others, we simply multiplied the secondary AC voltage by about 1.3 or so (24 X 1.3 = 31.2).

Next step was to measure the output impedance of our initial F5 (biased at 1.3 A) and of the F5c V2.0. Measurements and calculations were performed with a 1K Hz signal into the amp. The photo below shows the signal generator by our original F5. The F5 measured about .3 ohms while the F5c V2.0 measured 0.15 ohms. But these were rough measurements using a 5 and 10 ohm power resistor compared to an open circuit, and are only approximations.

With an identical 1 K Hz sine wave into the F5 and into the F5c V2.0, the F5c V2.0 (220 ohm feedback resistors to increase gain) put out just slightly double the voltage at the speakers compared to the F5. No surprise there.

Frequency response measured in the room (microphone, software, etc.) were compared between the two amplifiers and were extremely similar. The speakers were Spendor S8Es (2 drivers each). (We did not take measurements of the isolated amplifiers, themselves, but plan to do so). We have shown a room measurement curve for the F5c V2.0, below. We have a bump about 50 Hz with a slight dip around 80, which we have seen in this room with other amplifiers, as well, making us believe it is the room, and to a lesser extent the speakers, more than anything else. With room measurements, both amps produced pretty much identical curves.

So, for those of you who have far more insight, the question of the day is the following:

if the amplifier biases easily (which it does), is there any reason to change the resistors in the voltage divider circuit that controls voltage to the bases of the cascode transistors Q101 and Q102 (BC550 and BC580) to get closer to ± 17 VDC?

Thanks
Steve
Attached Images
File Type: jpg Sig generator & F5.jpg (347.6 KB, 346 views)
File Type: jpg F5c V2 room freq response.jpg (491.7 KB, 342 views)
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Old 19th February 2013, 02:17 AM   #25
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Quote:
Originally Posted by toxic ingestion View Post
I hadn't even noticed the boards were out of stock. How long have they been unavailable? I wanted to order a couple more sets.

cviller, thanks for the nice comments. Your help was essential to complete the project.

Steve
A few months anyways. I received a notification that they were back in stock but it was either an error or they were purchased as soon as they arrived.

Thankfully I'm not in a rush.
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Old 20th February 2013, 03:21 AM   #26
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Describing about 42 mV AC out of the power supply under load is probably a misstatement, in that it would be more accurate to report 42 mV variation in DC voltage, given that it was not really AC, but some residual pulsating DC.
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Old 21st February 2013, 04:07 PM   #27
PKI is offline PKI  United States
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I am about to make one for my friend and have two questions, maybe you can help:
1) Do cascode and current limiter transistors have to be matched?
2) Do I really need current limiting ZTX550/60? Nelson removed them from F5Tv1 which is almost F5cV2.
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Old 21st February 2013, 04:55 PM   #28
zoe is offline zoe  United States
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Quote:
Originally Posted by PKI View Post
I am about to make one for my friend and have two questions, maybe you can help:
1) Do cascode and current limiter transistors have to be matched?
2) Do I really need current limiting ZTX550/60? Nelson removed them from F5Tv1 which is almost F5cV2.
I have had my F5TV1 running for one day now all seems fine. I removed all current limiting including 550and 560.I have it running at .625 volt at source resistors.This is a very nice amplifier!
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Old 21st February 2013, 04:58 PM   #29
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Default Well Done

I forgot to say; simply amazing documentation. Well organized and presented. I'm sure that everyone will find this extremely useful.
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Old 21st February 2013, 06:41 PM   #30
Zen Mod is offline Zen Mod  Serbia
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Quote:
Originally Posted by PKI View Post
I am about to make one for my friend and have two questions, maybe you can help:
1) Do cascode and current limiter transistors have to be matched?
2) Do I really need current limiting ZTX550/60? Nelson removed them from F5Tv1 which is almost F5cV2.
1) no , and no
2) your choice - if you are going to play it safe , or you are safe
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