Twin-T Lowpass Filter Analysis - diyAudio
 Twin-T Lowpass Filter Analysis
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diyAudio Member

Join Date: Oct 2005
Location: Vancouver, WA
Twin-T Lowpass Filter Analysis

Okay--

I've racked my brain trying to figure this one out. I'm trying to figure out how to analyse and design filters of this topology. I understand how the "Twin-T" part of it works, but I can't figure out the interaction between Co and Ra/Rb. And I can't find a text that explains it. I'm getting the results out of a filter design tool, and it doesn't explain how it derives the results.

This is being used as a building block for a higher-order active Cauer-Elliptic filter.

Fc = 747.9366
Q = 0.7164
Fnotch=7557.0414

*Ra=1k
Rb=44.5k
R=2.11k
*C=10n
Co=505n

* = Values I provided to the calculator.

R and C work for the correct notch frequency in a Twin-T topology.

Any help that the experts out there can provide would be appreciated. There is a similar high-pass topology with Co replaced by a resistor, but I haven't even started playing with that.

--Greg
Attached Images
 twin-t lpf.png (3.5 KB, 166 views)

 17th May 2007, 02:11 AM #2 diyAudio Member   Join Date: Oct 2005 Location: Vancouver, WA Bump... Anybody??? --Greg
 17th May 2007, 06:24 PM #3 diyAudio Member   Join Date: May 2004 Location: Hertfordshire The more usual way of doing a T filter is shown here: http://focus.ti.com/lit/an/slyt235/slyt235.pdf Not sure why you are interested in Co, are you trying to compensate for the input capacitance of the op-amp? It will be small enough to be ignored in most cases.
diyAudio Member

Join Date: Oct 2005
Location: Vancouver, WA
consort_ee_um--

Thanks for the link to the App. Note. I found that earlier in my search. But I'm not looking for *just* a notch filter. This topology is a lowpass filter with notch. The circuit I've shown above provides the frequency response attached. Co and Ra/Rb interact to provide the lowpass functionality (everything else is just your basic Twin-T notch), but I can't figure out how they interact and how to derive the values.

--Greg
Attached Images
 twin-t lpf fr.png (25.4 KB, 133 views)

 17th May 2007, 08:16 PM #5 diyAudio Member     Join Date: Dec 2004 Location: Next door Hi GMikol, I suggest you have a look there : The Best Active Crossover - Here! there is a reference to Bainter's notch filter, I can send you his paper. Just email me.

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