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Multi-Way Conventional loudspeakers with crossovers

Lpad v single resistor
Lpad v single resistor
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Old 5th October 2013, 11:17 AM   #71
Eldam is offline Eldam  France
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Very interresting : electric capture with Dayton 's tool or a micro, or crossover simulator ?

I understand why there is a 1uF // with the 10 ohms : it's to make the curve flater at the beginning because the curve deep in the low-pass section !

It seems to be harder to make the curve deep at the middle or the end !

I understand why the brighness is always here : with increasing the resistor value I take off more of the beggining curve than after whhere the brighness is (5K hz and after...if i look at the measure of Stereophile with the Lynfield 500L : same mid and tweeter)
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Old 5th October 2013, 09:37 PM   #72
AllenB is offline AllenB  Australia
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Real driver, simmed crossover. It's all the same for this. We know tweeters are different and some combinations of crossover have unexpected results. We're careful, even maybe hesitant to say that the cap lifts the highs, the resistor pads it down etc.

In this simple example I used the red response from yesterday, and the first plot shows the resistor next to the amp - 10, 7, 5, 3.5 ohms.

Next it stays at 10 ohms, but I have used a capacitor - 0.5u, 1u, 3uF.

Then I kept the 1uF capacitor and changed resistors - 10, 7, 5, 3.5 ohms.
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Old 8th October 2013, 02:17 PM   #73
Eldam is offline Eldam  France
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hI AllenB


I try today to be sure :

2x // 27 ohms : 13.5 ohms.

and a L-pad with the same original filter attenuation of 7 DB (10 ohms): R1 : 4.7 & R2: 6.8 ohms

all without the 1uF. Will try too the reducing to 1.8 uF of the 6 uF cap in the first cellul to see if the phase match better with the new attenuation (Jay)
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Old 8th October 2013, 06:23 PM   #74
Eldam is offline Eldam  France
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Well the set up of a filter is a fabulous thing...when you don't understand what you do.

The L-Pad is equal to the 10 ohms in attenuation but the impedance curve is not the same : the sound too. Same clarity, but a little less brighness and little more bass. It is - 7 db. - 9.5 db with 15 ohms is too much. i have to try 14 ohms or a L-Pad which is its equivalent attenuation (but no standard value to make it ! I was not really happy with 12R7 made with 10+2R7...db attenuation is very little between 10 or 15 but you can hear it.

I put the L-PAD is in the beginning of the tweeter filter, not near the driver. I plan to add 1 ohm in front of the L-PAD. The last 8 uF caps are new : MKP/oil Amphom + Al/PiO Amphom, the MIT RTX polystyren stay with the 14 uF of the first stage of the LR4.

Not the time today to try the 14 ohms... I can't imagine the time we can spent with an active EQ where you can change what you want...a life !

pleasant hobby, not good for listen music because we spent a lot of time...but great time ! Fellows I know much today than 1 month ago with your help.

to be continued...

Last edited by Eldam; 8th October 2013 at 06:25 PM.
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Old 9th October 2013, 11:54 AM   #75
Eldam is offline Eldam  France
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oups...seems to have replace R2 with standard 5R6 to have 7.7 db attenuation cause now it's less than 7 db with the R2 at 6.8 according the calculator ! I bought the resistor in a speaker shop who calculate it for me according the genuine 10 ohms in serie (- 7 db) ! better to calculate myself before !!!!!

I seen that because the sound seem slighty clearer (but with no adding brighness) than the original set up. I change my mind with L-Pad : seem better for the moment... i have to work a littler more.

Last edited by Eldam; 9th October 2013 at 11:56 AM.
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Old 12th February 2016, 10:27 PM   #76
ChopperCharles is offline ChopperCharles  United States
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Question related to L-pad.

I have a pair of the Pyramid Super Tweeters in stand-alone housings. I currently have them paralleled with my Cerwin Vega VS-150 speakers. They sound good, but could use attenuation. If I get a variable L-Pad, can I still maintain that parallel configuration and not affect the signal that the Vega is getting? Can i series them so my amp sees 16ohm instead of 4? Will that affect the frequency response? More importantly, will it appreciably affect how my speakers sound?

With an L-Pad, do I need to worry about the wattage that much? My amp can push 350wpc, but with the vegas I never need to crank it that loud.

Would I be better off scrapping the L-pad idea and just installing an additional amp to run the super tweeters?

Charles.
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Old 13th February 2016, 12:34 AM   #77
AllenB is offline AllenB  Australia
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If you have them in parallel and change them to be in series you'll lose 6dB. This is before you consider effects from the filters.

If you had 6dB to lose this will make them easier to drive but sometimes an L-pad makes designing the crossover more convenient. If this isn't a problem I'd consider it.
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Old 13th February 2016, 11:03 PM   #78
BlueWizard is offline BlueWizard  United States
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Quote:
Originally Posted by ChopperCharles View Post
Question related to L-pad.

...
With an L-Pad, do I need to worry about the wattage that much? My amp can push 350wpc, but with the vegas I never need to crank it that loud.

Would I be better off scrapping the L-pad idea and just installing an additional amp to run the super tweeters?

Charles.
Perhaps this will give you some insight into how an L-Pad is placed into the circuit -

Click the image to open in full size.


Click the image to open in full size.

Keep in mind this second graphic was created for a different purpose, but it still serves in this circumstance.

As you can see, the L-Pad is the equivalent to a Series and Parallel Resistor that attenuate the signal, but it takes it one set farther, The Resistive Components are chosen to maintain a fixed nominal impedance across the range.

Though, using 8 ohms as an example, it doesn't perfectly hit 8 ohms across the full range of adjustment, but it comes very very close.

Of course, the impedance of the speakers is not perfectly 8 ohms across the frequency spectrum, but the parallel resistive aspect will help maintain closer to a fixed 8 ohm impedance.

Do you have some type of crossover element in the Super-Tweeter now? If so ... what?

The impedance of various driver components, each with its own crossover elements, do not add. Each has its own frequency range and therefore at those frequencies it is the only element in the circuit (within a reasonable context).

If there is no crossover component between the tweeter and super-tweeter than the impedance is reduced when the Tweeter and Super-Tweeter are combined. Keep in mind that when the impedance of the tweeter combination changes so does the frequency location of the crossover.

For example, if the crossover to an 8 ohm tweeter is 3000 hz, then when you combine two 8 ohms tweeters without a crossover between them, then the crossover frequency shifts up to about 6000hz. That will leave a gap in the frequency range between 3000hz and 6000hz.

The above represents the Capacitive element of the Crossover. If there is a parallel Inductive (coil) element it moves in the opposite direction. The Coil based apect of the crossover drops down to 1500hz.

In other words, when impedance of the crossover load changes, the crossover becomes completely messed up.

Just a few thoughts.

Steve/bluewizard

Last edited by BlueWizard; 13th February 2016 at 11:05 PM.
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Old 14th November 2017, 07:57 PM   #79
oatmeal769 is offline oatmeal769  United States
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Sorry to resurrect, but this was the closest I could find to my topic...
Anyway, can I use an 8-ohm L-Pad on a crossover with a 16-Ohm tweeter? It seems the answer is yes, I just have to factor the different resistances (tweeter and L-Pad) when designing the X-Over, right?
I don't suppose there's a nifty calculator for all this somewhere I've missed?
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Old 15th November 2017, 06:44 PM   #80
BlueWizard is offline BlueWizard  United States
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Quote:
Originally Posted by oatmeal769 View Post
Sorry to resurrect, but this was the closest I could find to my topic...
Anyway, can I use an 8-ohm L-Pad on a crossover with a 16-Ohm tweeter? It seems the answer is yes, I just have to factor the different resistances (tweeter and L-Pad) when designing the X-Over, right?
I don't suppose there's a nifty calculator for all this somewhere I've missed?
Well you can do anything, but why not just use a 16 ohm L-Pad?

If you determine how much attenuation you need, you can use a Fixed L-Pad that can be calculate at the bottom of this webpage Link -

Crossover Design Chart and Inductance vs. Frequency Calculator(Low-pass)

For this you can use an impedance you want for the speaker.

And here is a source of 16 ohm Variable L-Pads -

Speaker L-Pad Attenuator 50W Mono 3/8" Shaft 16 Ohm

Parts Express Speaker L-Pad Attenuator 100W Mono 3/8" Shaft 16 Ohm

I'm sure I can find others if I have too.

Steve/BlueWizard
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