xovers, impedence compensation, notch filters, baffle step, confusion? - diyAudio
Go Back   Home > Forums > Loudspeakers > Multi-Way
Home Forums Rules Articles diyAudio Store Gallery Wiki Blogs Register Donations FAQ Calendar Search Today's Posts Mark Forums Read

Multi-Way Conventional loudspeakers with crossovers

Please consider donating to help us continue to serve you.

Ads on/off / Custom Title / More PMs / More album space / Advanced printing & mass image saving
Thread Tools Search this Thread
Old 7th December 2003, 03:40 AM   #1
diyAudio Member
Join Date: Oct 2003
Location: santa rosa
Default xovers, impedence compensation, notch filters, baffle step, confusion?

I have been doing tons of searching on the net and am trying to come up with one concise FAQ or maybe a how-to of xovers, including impedence compensation, notch filters, baffle step and when and how to incorporate them. I am baffled.... how do i know when to put what in? i know that i need a xover. but how bad do i need the other stuff? should i use it all just to be safe or what? I read in my radio shack speaker book that you should do a impedence compensation on the woofer to help the xover function properly because it is looking for a steady impedence. in that case then shouldn't i add a notch filter too? I am looking to build a MTM dayton with the 6 1/2" woof and the 1 1/8" tweet. and i want to make the list of stuff to order now so i don't have to order more and wait weeks for more components. also, is baffle step a major needed thing? I confused. I need a manual for this stuff. I want the speakers to soud like a million bucks, like i payed top dollar for them, can that be done with a simple 1st order and no compensation? how can know this!?! pleeze help me, i have only used 1st orders before due to simplicity.
  Reply With Quote
Old 7th December 2003, 04:20 AM   #2
sreten is offline sreten  United Kingdom
diyAudio Member RIP
Join Date: Nov 2003
Location: Brighton UK
Sorry but it sounds like you don't have a clue.

Find a reputable design and build it or
go into a good retailer and use your ears.

There is no such thing as 'sounds like a million bucks'
on the cheap, just unscrupulous copywriters.

  Reply With Quote
Old 7th December 2003, 04:49 AM   #3
diyAudio Member
Join Date: Oct 2003
Location: santa rosa
I know somewhat about electronics, i took a year long military course on basic and advanced electronics, so i do have a little clue. I just don't know when i would need to incorporate these filters and notches. I can do all the calculations myself with a pad and pencil (mostly). how would i know when to add a notch filter. I do appreciate the criticism. when i said "a million bucks" i didn't mean to sound like an idiot, which i may have. I just want them to sound good compared to what i have now. If i could be pointed in the right direction to understanding all aspects of the crossover and filters and notches, that would be great. is it a trial and error process adding notch filters and impedence comp networks? How common is it in your average DIY projects to add baffle step comp and impedence comp, is it just as common in store bought speakers? I have found a reputable design and am going to build it, it has impedence compensation in it and i think a notch filter, but maybe i don't need it, i am not sure. Maybe i should just copy it exactly, not ask any questions or try to learn anything new and be happy with what i have.
  Reply With Quote
Old 7th December 2003, 04:50 AM   #4
Mikett is offline Mikett  Canada
diyAudio Member
Join Date: Aug 2003
Location: Toronto
for that combination of drivers there is already a fine tuned design. visit speakerbuilder.net
at least that gives you a start and the design process is actually explained
  Reply With Quote
Old 7th December 2003, 04:59 AM   #5
rabbitz is offline rabbitz  Australia
diyAudio Member
rabbitz's Avatar
Join Date: Jul 2003
Location: Newcastle, Australia
Get the "Loudspeaker Design Cookbook" by Vance Dickason which would give you a good start in crossovers and has the required formulae.

Not an easy read, but gets easier as you start doing projects.
  Reply With Quote
Old 7th December 2003, 05:20 AM   #6
sreten is offline sreten  United Kingdom
diyAudio Member RIP
Join Date: Nov 2003
Location: Brighton UK
sorry SG,

but electrical engineers (and I'm one) can be just about the
worst people I've come across for understanding speaker
design simply because they think they should be able to, and
to a far greater degree than the less electrically enlightened.

Mikett is showing you the way to go. If it is a finely tuned design
it will incorporate design features appropriate to the cost of the
drivers, of the things you mention baffle step compensation is
incorporated I believe as are are a few things you don't mention.

  Reply With Quote
Old 8th December 2003, 03:46 AM   #7
diyAudio Member
Join Date: Dec 2003
Location: Manila
There are other design considerations like time and phase coherence, although some manufacturers consider these two irrelevant for audibility. Personally,I think the simpler the design, the better. Like uisng 1st or 2nd order crossovers. There are many sites on the net that allow for computation of some of these design parameters. If you google search the topic on "speaker design compuations" you will get some intersting sites. Happy speaker building.

Here's one

Cheers from a music and film lover
  Reply With Quote


Hide this!Advertise here!
Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are Off
Pingbacks are Off
Refbacks are Off

Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Zobel network, notch filters and ... a lot of confusion teodorom Multi-Way 11 30th August 2010 03:29 PM
When to use baffle step compensation? tmblack Multi-Way 28 6th December 2008 12:39 PM
Baffle Step Compensation Khron Multi-Way 4 16th April 2006 08:23 PM
Passive baffle step compensation noodle_snacks Multi-Way 5 10th October 2005 06:20 PM
Baffle step compensation in an active X/O sunil Solid State 6 12th November 2003 09:52 AM

New To Site? Need Help?

All times are GMT. The time now is 03:27 PM.

vBulletin Optimisation provided by vB Optimise (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2017 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.
Copyright 1999-2017 diyAudio

Content Relevant URLs by vBSEO 3.3.2