Peerless KD120WFX 12" 8 ohm Speaker ??? - diyAudio
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Old 7th February 2013, 01:39 PM   #1
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Default Peerless KD120WFX 12" 8 ohm Speaker ???

Hello there, I am just wondering what these speakers are all about. I got them off an auction site today but I reckon they are from the 70's and may not have any pdf, graphs or data available. I am just hoping someone may recognize them. I will try to upload the pictures so you can have a look.

The bloke that sold them said they have been re-cushed in the past and that they were in 100lt boxes. the same fella was selling a 3-way Xover that I guessed may have come from the same enclosure.

The original speaker manufacturer is unknown to me but the Xover the chap was selling is a very basic 2nd order job with intersections at 700Hz and 5kHz. - see the piccie
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File Type: jpg 2.jpg (83.8 KB, 83 views)
File Type: jpg 3.jpg (63.4 KB, 80 views)
File Type: jpg Xover.jpg (79.1 KB, 79 views)
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Old 26th February 2013, 12:51 AM   #2
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Default Peerless KD120WFX Update

UPDATE
OK, I have roughly determined the t&s small signal values and they are; Vas 62lt, Qms 3.71, Qes 0.61, Qts 0.52, spl 94dbA and fs 27 Hz
These results a back-yard estimates and not entirely accurate but they give me a good starting point. The fs figure is wrong because they resonate at ~ 25Hz, but the calculations told me that it was 27Hz.

Question? Take a look at the two plots added in the picture below, the volume of the boxes I want to use is 84lt or say 80lt for a vented enclosure. Consider the age of the speaker (33years but reconed say 10 years ago). Look at the ported model which has the higher spl down low in the 10 - 30Hz region. Now, can you tell me if this will over-extend the speakers suspension and damage the voice coil former with the dire implications of such a stress?

For your Reference I now know that the speakers were part of a kit marketed in australia back in the eighties, the 'PAS100' and as the name implies the bins were 100lt. They were a sealed type of box.
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Old 26th February 2013, 05:13 PM   #3
bjorno is offline bjorno  Sweden
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Quote:
Originally Posted by farmerjack61 View Post
..Question?.. spl down low in the 10 - 30Hz region. Now, can you tell me if this will over-extend the speakers suspension and damage the voice coil former with the dire implications of such a stress?..
Hi,

Its impossible to answer your Q. as you haven't provided any Coil related info= insufficient data...only a few 'Rookie' parameters. Nothing much can be said... I leave to others to write about wishful thinkings ...See my picture:
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Old 26th February 2013, 07:27 PM   #4
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To the previous poster. Are you the guy that wore the tight pants in Abba?

When I was a young lad, my mother told me no-one is infallible & nothing impossible - Good advice for all of us I think.

I find the word "Rookie" offensive when it is used in this context.

I'll put it down to a translation error, unless you tell me I am a rookie again! Bjorn.
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Old 27th February 2013, 01:05 AM   #5
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Default Sealed v Ported relationship to diaphragm travel @ given freq.

To avoid any further confusion I will rephrase my question so that some helpful members can assist me by using their personal observations of cone/voice coil travel and how it generally relates to questions A & B below.

I am looking for actual observations rather than rhetoric. But I will not criticize any comments unless they are of a personal nature.

A. Sealed v Ported boxes of a given size. A rough idea of how much extra travel is experienced in one or the other. Or do both enclosures give similar extension?

B. If I were to manipulate the porting in any given box to shift the resonance to a lower frequency level, does the the cone and voice coil generally move further to accomplish this? further than is neccessary to accomplish the actual frequency I mean? AND Does this phenomenon have a certain relationsip in regard to frequency. Is this a linear characteristic or perhaps exponential? I aknowledge that the diaphragm moves more at lf and less at hf but does the whole damn loco' run away if I try to squeeze to much from the boiler?

I am a joiner by trade and a back yard speaker builder on the weekends. I am not a rocket scientist so please keep it simple, but I do love using maths and careful observation to solve everyday issues.
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Old 27th February 2013, 01:25 AM   #6
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A
Travel is usually what we would refer to as X-max/X-damage the distance the cone moves
Extension is usually how we refer to the depth of bass. So a ported box will ( generally and a beginners answer) give better extension with less travel UNTIL the driver unloads and then the Voice Coil goes too far and the driver dies
If the original box design was a sealed box I would stay with that. Before anybody can comment on the cross-over you bought as part of the deal we would need to know more about the drivers you intend to use for the midrange and tweeter.
Those frequencies sound more suitable for closed back drivers typical of the late 70s
The lower the frequency the greater the distance the cone will move and I doubt that a driver from that era will give you much below 40 or 50 Hz when mounted in a sealed box. Driver travel is a combination of factors, including box size and power applied.
Far too many variables to give any more than general approximations
Yep, try and squeeze too much from it and the boiler in the loco blows up
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Old 27th February 2013, 01:36 AM   #7
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The magnet has a flux density of 11,800 gauss and my home made meter measures 560uH at 2.4kHz and 660 at 240Hz, if this is a help.
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Old 27th February 2013, 01:41 AM   #8
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I put your figures into my box program and I am surprised but they will deliver really good bass in a 100 litre box, but assuming an X-max of 4mm they will handle about 15 watts to give you that 97dB and an F6 / F10 of ~26 and 20 Hz

Using a smaller box of 50 liters you would not loose much in the way of extension and you would be less likely to damage the driver by over driving, it they were mine I'd use a 50 liter box heavily stuff with fiberglass

Using your figures a ported box will be huge at 180 liters and have problems below 40Hz
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Old 27th February 2013, 01:46 AM   #9
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I concur with the graphs posted by Bjorno, DCR VC diameter, X-max or the magnet gap and plate thickness are all needed to give approximations of power handling and SPLs. I used 4mm as my experience says that is a safe approximation and typical of woofers of that decade
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Old 27th February 2013, 02:10 AM   #10
VaNarn is offline VaNarn  Australia
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It would be far better to relate how the T&S parameters were obtained and if they then can be verified as true for that particular model,then it would be easier to offer advise with confidence. The specs as stated,suggest a sealed box is your most likely candidate
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