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 Multi-Way Conventional loudspeakers with crossovers

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diyAudio Member

Join Date: Sep 2012
Location: Maine, Bangor-area
Quote:
 Originally Posted by mondogenerator i agree. It is basic AC theory. Im still a basic person. I see it as this: Z = R+jX So id just measure Z at a convenient frequency measuring mV across a shunt, say 10 Ohm, volts from the joint of coil and amp to ground. Measure DCR. Textbook stuff. Set volts, measure mV across shunt to get mA. Accurate enough i think. I use it for rotor impedance tests at work regularly My DMM was cheap, £20. It measures to 400hz to a fraction of a percent. Thats plenty high enough, unless youre making 0.001 uH coils...
I can't say that I understand your method of measuring inductance and how, if so, you could measure say 0.1 mH inductance at a frequency not more than 400 Hz.
But using ODougbo's method, the frequency range for measuring 0.5 mH to 10 mH is 2,500 Hz to 125 Hz. See the chart that he attached to his post #10.

By the way, in ODougbo's chart, I believe that the frequencies that he shows corresponding to 8 Ohm impedance of the inductor are too high by a factor of ten. In making my comment about a suitable voltmeter, I was accepting the range of frequencies in his chart. But anyway, in measuring 0.5 mH with his method, that frequency of 2,500 Hz is a bit high for most of the common AC voltmeters.

Regards,
Pete

 6th January 2013, 02:42 AM #22 diyAudio Member   Join Date: Apr 2010 The neat thing about changing the frequency so the voltage measures the same across the resistor as across the inductor is that (once they are measured as equal) the frequency is the same for both measurements, and it doesn't matter how inaccurate the voltmeter is at that frequency. It only needs to give a varying response to a varying amplitude.
 6th January 2013, 02:54 AM #23 diyAudio Member     Join Date: Sep 2009 Location: City Of Villans Blog Entries: 1 perhaps there is a capacitor hidden in the test set im not aware of.. There could well be. What i know is we test at 1khz, generally 1kV and take currents to derive impedance. High accuracy DCR is also taken. __________________ It still amazes me every time I get something right
diyAudio Member

Join Date: Aug 2011
Location: Maryland USA
Pete,

my

I just switched to the 8ohm load not long ago, maybe the 43.0ohm was the better choice.

In the past I always double checked everything - the thin board shown has 10 "factory" inductors - 1.0 - going smaller. I have a bunch of "subwoofers" coils, steel lam. etc.
Point being, I never had any issues with volt meter or readings.

I'll will go back and check some of the bigger coils. (might have 6.0s, but laying on work bench at work)

Thanks!

Quote:
 Originally Posted by cT equals piD I can't say that I understand your method of measuring inductance and how, if so, you could measure say 0.1 mH inductance at a frequency not more than 400 Hz. But using ODougbo's method, the frequency range for measuring 0.5 mH to 10 mH is 2,500 Hz to 125 Hz. See the chart that he attached to his post #10. By the way, in ODougbo's chart, I believe that the frequencies that he shows corresponding to 8 Ohm impedance of the inductor are too high by a factor of ten. In making my comment about a suitable voltmeter, I was accepting the range of frequencies in his chart. But anyway, in measuring 0.5 mH with his method, that frequency of 2,500 Hz is a bit high for most of the common AC voltmeters. Regards, Pete

diyAudio Member

Join Date: Aug 2011
Location: Maryland USA
Okay - checked what I had here - "factory coils"

2.5ohm

4.0ohm

and a super large unknown - shown

Attached Images
 coils.jpg (168.2 KB, 49 views)

diyAudio Member

Join Date: Sep 2012
Location: Maine, Bangor-area
Quote:
 Originally Posted by ODougbo Okay - checked what I had here - "factory coils" 2.5ohm 4.0ohm and a super large unknown - shown not bad.
Now those calculations jive.

What benb in his post #22 says and I said earlier is that voltmeter accuracy IS NOT an issue with the method for measuring inductance that you are using.

Measuring with a 43 Ohm series resistor might not be a bad idea, as audio amps find a load with a phase angle of greater than 40 degrees to be "difficult". Using the 43 Ohm resistor, you would be significantly reducing power output of the amp, relative to using an 8 Ohm series resistor.

On the downside with a 43 Ohm resistor, if you were trying to make an inductor of 0.1 mH, your test frequency would be 67 kHz, well above the high frequency that most amps will amplify.

Regards,
Pete

 7th January 2013, 07:51 AM #27 diyAudio Member   Join Date: Aug 2011 Location: Maryland USA Odougbo is more of an artist type - not very good at math
 7th January 2013, 08:12 AM #28 diyAudio Member     Join Date: Sep 2009 Location: City Of Villans Blog Entries: 1 Im an engineer Jim, dammit! Im not a mathematician! as Pete bluntly points out, with an R so large you have issues. The method i use works for large-ish values, if i want a 0.1mH or smaller ill buy. Its not economical. Saying that i wound a 47uH coil, took it to work and used a bridge to measure and tune. If i didnt have that facility then id just buy. Must say im surprised Pete doesnt understand my method...its been in use for decades and its in the IEC60034 certs somewhere. To sum it up you find the -3db point (halfpower point), extropolate inductance. i think. Im still learning. There is a touch of the artist in me also __________________ It still amazes me every time I get something right Last edited by mondogenerator; 7th January 2013 at 08:16 AM.
 8th January 2013, 07:46 AM #29 diyAudio Member     Join Date: Nov 2005 Location: San Antonio If you've Googled, you may have found this "A Simple Procedure for Measuring Inductance" page. Additionally, for this circuit (as shown in the link) total impedance Zt is equivalent to the hypotenuse of a right triangle with XL and R representing the other two sides... so Zt = √(XL^2 + R^2). I'm sure I learned that in the past, and am now not as likely to forget it again. __________________ It is error only, and not truth, that shrinks from enquiry. - Thomas Paine
 11th January 2013, 11:01 AM #30 diyAudio Member   Join Date: Aug 2011 Location: Maryland USA Last attempt! Tried a 100ohm resistor - similar untrustworthy results. I'm guessing a 50ohm would be the best, however double check with "Factory Coils" and/or extrapolate the size needed. The trap method seems to work very well to duplicate a coil, down to a turn or two of wire.

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