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Old 1st January 2013, 04:33 AM   #1
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Default Adding a super tweeter to a full range

I'm a little confused about adding a super tweeter to my full range speakers. I am driving my full range 4 ohm speakers with my LM4780 GainClone amp and want to add tweeters for those extra highs. Some of the commercial 'super tweeters' I have seen have built in crossovers and attenuators, but connect in parallel to the main driver. Surely if you don't have a crossover on the full range speaker, at certain frequencies the amp would 'see' a very low impedance as you have the full range driver and tweeter both being driven by the amp.

My LM4780 amp runs my 4 ohm speakers fine, but if I added an 8 ohm tweeter, at certain frequencies when the crossover allows the signal to the tweeter, the amp would see both speakers in parallel. 8 ohm and 4 ohm in parallel = 2.6ohms. I know the impedance of the speakers change at different frequencies, but is it safe to just add a tweeter crossed at say 6K Hz, or should I build a crossover for both?
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Old 1st January 2013, 06:04 AM   #2
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Quote:
I know the impedance of the speakers change at different frequencies,
So the only low impedance seen by the amp will be at >6kHz where there probably isn't enough power drawn to damage the amp. Most of the power bandwidth will still see the 4 ohm full range speaker; remember that the tweeter crossover looks like a high impedance to low frequencies. Unless you have some really odd HF playback material (or I'm just plain wrong) you should be safe.
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Old 1st January 2013, 06:42 AM   #3
tvrgeek is offline tvrgeek  United States
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I have to answer "it depends"
First, remember the full range impedance raises quickly at higher frequencies. All that copper in the voice coil you know. I am sure the OEM can provide you a plot that shows this. You did not describe your full ranges or if they have a Zobel or other compensation networks, as that can change everything. In other words, safety wise, I agree with sofa, you should be fine. But, you are not adding an 8 Ohm tweeter, but a variable impedance that does not dip too far below 8 with some crossover that may or may not raise the impedance. You are actually asking a very complicated question for us to be exact in our answer. Say, the tweeter has an L-pad on it. Now you ARE putting an 8 ohm load across the entire frequency range, unless the pad is inside the crossover. It depends.

Just adding a tweeter without a complete two way crossover only gives half the advantage the tweeter could provide and may be very difficult to integrate.

What? Yes. All drivers have breakup modes. Translation:distortion. A full range may actually "use" the breakup to give the impression of extended highs so you only need a little "air" on top. But, if you added a complete crossover, you can reduce that distortion and get the highs too while making the integration easier. Just adding the tweeter may give you ugly peaks where the full range is breaking up the worst causing difficulty in overall balance.

Now I know, the full range camp is very proud of not having nasty filters in the critical range to mess up their sound. I fully understand that argument. I offer the suggestion that crossing over above 5K with a not very steep crossover provides some help on the full range breakup and will be very easy on the tweeter and easier to integrate satisfactory.

Of course, now we will have moved you into the "wide range mid" multi-way camp.
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Old 1st January 2013, 07:39 AM   #4
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IIRC, you have CHP-70 in FH3?

Impedance of CHP:

Click the image to open in full size.

The copper cap on the polepiece prevents the impedance from rising too high.

Now CHP70 is down about 6 dB at 13-14 KHz on axis.

Even if you XOed an 8 ohm tweeter (or a tweeter with an 8 ohm L-Pad) you would have impedance on the order of 4 ohms.

My prefered method of bringing in a super tweeter as high as is needed here is to just use a single cap & XO high enuff that the attenuation of the XO to bring tweeter level down to match the FR.

Here is a practical example snapped from a post on another forum.

Click the image to open in full size.

What TVRGeek says about phasing & C-C is all true, but up here the ear/brain is pretty forgiving, and in practise it works pretty good.

Quote:
A full range may actually "use" the breakup to give the impression of extended highs so you only need a little "air" on top
A FR depends on controlled breakup to get extended response. When you get a driver where the breakup isn't as controlled as would be wished, you get some peakiness -- for instance the 7k peak on the stock FF125wk that drove TVRGeek bonkers in his only FR endeavour. If you look closely at the CHP's impedance curve you can see a bump at ~650 Hz -- this marks the transition between pistonic behavior and controlled breaakup (the holy grail of FR breakup has the cone effectively becoming smaller as frequency goes up)

dave
Attached Images
File Type: gif CHP701-imp.gif (48.6 KB, 1596 views)
File Type: gif cap-tweeter-tuning.gif (70.1 KB, 1601 views)
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Old 1st January 2013, 08:02 AM   #5
TerryO is offline TerryO  United States
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Like Dave said.

BTW: My amp uses the same LM 4780 chip and it will crowbar if there's a problem. I wouldn't worry about the amp.

Best Regards,
TerryO
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Old 1st January 2013, 10:59 AM   #6
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Hi Dave. I have the EL70s, not CHP-70s, but good guess. Anyway, at 10KHz, the impedance of the EL70s is about 6 ohms and climbing, so I suppose a simple cap on the tweeter wouldn't stress the amp too much.

Using an online calculator, the cap size for 10KHz cross would be 1.98uF and to get the speaker attenuation matched with the an L-Pad would require 3.99 ohms series and 8.03 ohms parallel for a 6dB attenuation.

Would these values be a good starting point? I will probably end up building a crossover for the full range at some point.
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Old 1st January 2013, 11:37 AM   #7
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Also, I had a question about L-Pad attenuators if someone here could answer please:

L-Pad attenuators


Sorry for all of the questions, but I've done a lot of amp building, but not much crossover or speaker design
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Old 1st January 2013, 11:41 AM   #8
tvrgeek is offline tvrgeek  United States
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You could also do a series crossover.

Please, on-line calculators will lead you far astray as they don't consider phase, offset, edge diffraction, baffle step, rooms , etc. Now you have hinted at the FR, maybe if you suggested which tweeters you were looking at and described your boxes some more targeted starting values could be offered.

PS.
Actually I did four projects with full ranges. I kept the little Foungteks I built for computer speakers. I stopped short of ordering some Mark's as I remain convinced I do a better job with crossovers than trying to make a single driver work well enough for my tastes and remaining hearing.
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Old 1st January 2013, 11:57 AM   #9
sreten is offline sreten  United Kingdom
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Hi,

At a 10KHz x/o point you can use only a series resistor for attenuation.
Recalculate the cap for total impedance and forget about any loading issues.

What tweeter are you planning to use ?

rgds, sreten.
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Old 1st January 2013, 12:22 PM   #10
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I'm looking at the CSS ERT26s.

So I could use just one series resistor and one cap?

And the cap is sized taking into account the one face of the tweeter and the series resistor?
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