Wharfedale crossover question - Page 3 - diyAudio
Go Back   Home > Forums > Loudspeakers > Multi-Way

Multi-Way Conventional loudspeakers with crossovers

Please consider donating to help us continue to serve you.

Ads on/off / Custom Title / More PMs / More album space / Advanced printing & mass image saving
Reply
 
Thread Tools Search this Thread
Old 5th December 2012, 11:02 PM   #21
diyAudio Member
 
Join Date: Nov 2011
Location: Cooktown, Oz
Quote:
Originally Posted by system7 View Post
Kgrlee, I've gotta say that it is very enjoyable to talk to you online. Evidently you are one of the last people who believed that Britain was founded as a manufacturing nation, and that Mrs. Thatcher (Gawd bless her in most respects, a politician who had actually had a real job at some stage...) was totally wrong in killing off our factories.

I used to bump into Sir John Harvey-Jones, Chairman of ICI and lover of bright ties, on a regular basis. It was always his belief that REAL WEALTH is created by MANUFACTURING alone. Sound man.
System, actually I agree completely with Sir John.

Baroness Thatcher's pogrom against British manufacturing happened during the time I was privileged to be involved in helping the Wharfedale, Leeds factory make the most consistent drive units in the world ... and still make a profit.

It was my most satisfying and humbling experience. It taught me it wasn't the British worker that led to the demise of British manufacturing but British management & government.

Sadly, Thatcher's policies benefited only those who played with wealth, the yuppie generation, ... and decimated the CREATORS of wealth.

My involvement with the Chinese factories that now make Celestion & KEF products was cos the UK management of their UK factories were still in the 19th century and considered workers, QA etc far beneath their notice.

However, there are Chinese factory managers who are far more enlightened, both about imbuing their workers with pride and in understanding quality is BUILT into a product, not inspected. I was pleased to help them make better speakers.

But I still think Wharfedale, Leeds, in God's own county, could be a viable operation in today's market and I mourn the loss of the expertise and pride. [/rant]

Quote:
I just "crunched some numbers" on the Wharfedale Laser 90B speaker in the thoroughly modern Visaton ..... Pretty awful filter
Thanks for your simulations, System.

Unfortunately, what is missing is the pretty awful frequency response and pretty awful impedance curve of the Wharfedale treble unit.

I'm not sure if the Visaton software can accept such information but if it doesn't, it is little more than a toy. (BTW, are you actually making a speaker with the Visaton & DT94? If so, there is a small mod that will probably improve the sound a lot.)

Can I urge you to get a copy of Schuck's AES paper which explains loadsa stuff.

Also to buy or make a cheap measurement mike and try something like ARTA or REW.

If you are playing with these, all my comments will make sense.

What happens is ... if you combine the awful response of the Laser 90Bs treble unit in the box, its awful impedance curve and the awful xover response, (which BTW, will be differently awful from the awful one you sim, the end result is surprise, surprise, not so awful after all.
_____________________

I note from Robin's interview that he has high regard for Drs. Don Barlow (note spulin!) Peter Fryer and other luminaries. I worked with Don & Peter and share his regard.

I won't join in on the relative merits of various treble units as you are obviously expert on such matters.

My only concern (apart from a bit of wanking ) is to help Mike with what poor knowledge & experience I might reasonably provide as a beach bum.
_________________

Mike, have you found the 0.2mH inductor in the treble xover circuit. If its gone, you MUST replace it.

Last edited by kgrlee; 5th December 2012 at 11:15 PM.
  Reply With Quote
Old 6th December 2012, 01:57 AM   #22
diyAudio Member
 
Join Date: Mar 2012
"Mike, have you found the 0.2mH inductor in the treble xover circuit. If its gone, you MUST replace it"

kgrlee, yes, I found it... even for an electronic 1st grader like me it wasn't hard to find, measurement awfully difficult until I purchased a multimeter which would measure inductance, which I've done and the reading I get is 1.8hH.

Off-topic, but you mentioned Celestion- I've obtained 6 of the 5" extended-range (neo magnet) jobs for future projects. What little is in print about them is very positive. They are said to be "designed in GB" but they're made in China.
  Reply With Quote
Old 6th December 2012, 09:28 AM   #23
sreten is offline sreten  United Kingdom
diyAudio Member
 
Join Date: Nov 2003
Location: Brighton UK
Hi,

What would be useful is some real information, not I know stuff from
working for wharfedale that you don't, such as the acoustic target
for the "horrible" 3rd electrical filter to fix the tweeter issues.

What tweeter issues ? Fs Q ? response ? both ? what sort of correction ?

This would allow some intelligent estimations for substitute tweeters.

rgds, sreten.

High consistency low variability manufacturing is a sign of "quality",
in terms of quality control, but that doesn't mean for an instant
the driver design is high quality, only you get decent matching.
__________________
There is nothing so practical as a really good theory - Ludwig Boltzmann
When your only tool is a hammer, every problem looks like a nail - Abraham Maslow
  Reply With Quote
Old 6th December 2012, 09:56 AM   #24
diyAudio Member
 
Join Date: Nov 2011
Location: Cooktown, Oz
Quote:
Originally Posted by sreten View Post
What would be useful is some real information, not I know stuff from working for wharfedale that you don't, such as the acoustic target for the "horrible" 3rd electrical filter to fix the tweeter issues.

What tweeter issues ? Fs Q ? response ? both ? what sort of correction ?

This would allow some intelligent estimations for substitute tweeters.
Sreten, this is all previous century so I can't answer any of your questions. I DON'T KNOW any of the 'real information' anymore. And the unit is now Unobtainium so what's the point?

System believes all treble units are the same but believing you can find another unit which is a drop in replacement is nearly as foolish. eg the response will vary ALOT depending on the box you mount the unit in.

You really need to design a new xover from scratch to match the new unit, its mounting ... and this has to integrate with the bass unit too.

There are other web sites which tell you how to do this, some good and some laughable but I've not really researched this.

I'm sorry if you don't like this wanking but I wouldn't have posted at all if system hadn't implied all treble units are the same. I'll go back to my hole now. It's likely that you (sreten) will be at least as useful as anything I can provide.

Quote:
High consistency low variability manufacturing is a sign of "quality",
in terms of quality control, but that doesn't mean for an instant
the driver design is high quality, only you get decent matching.
What you say is true but there really isn't any point in a beach bum arguing over the quality of Unobtainium Wharfedale units, previously made in God's own county.

I HAVE told you what I'd be looking for if I did abandon my present lifestyle. I'm sure you have your own ideas.
  Reply With Quote
Old 6th December 2012, 07:22 PM   #25
system7 is offline system7  United Kingdom
diyAudio Member
 
system7's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
I'd be quite interested to hear what it was that finally killed off the Leeds Wharfedale factory. Workers wages in Britain AREN'T all that high compared to our competitors. What is high is profit expectations and Directors and Managers wages. The tax burden of a huge state spend and high house prices don't help either. Nor does a banking sector that does NOT act in its customers interest. The geniuses who move manufacturing abroad forget they destroy the local wage income that creates purchasing power. This is why the EU is doomed.

As for tweeters being tweeters, I can justify that. Look at these three basically identical 19mm models, the only difference being dome material and efficiency:
Vifa D19TD-05 3/4" Poly Dome Tweeter 264-500
H0737-08 19TFF 1
H0532-08 19TAFD/G

Not hard to adjust the input resistor to the filter to compensate. This would do with a 6" paper bass. If you make the bass bafflestep coil bigger, you just make the shunt components smaller but preserve the product. If attenuation becomes severe, the tweeter coil gets a bit smaller, say 0.25mH becomes 0.2mH. But not hard.
Attached Images
File Type: png Vifa_D19TD-05-08.PNG (68.9 KB, 32 views)
File Type: png Standard_6inch_Woofer_StandardTweeter.PNG (12.0 KB, 32 views)
__________________
Well, there it is! Best regards from Steve in Portsmouth, UK.
  Reply With Quote
Old 6th December 2012, 08:53 PM   #26
sreten is offline sreten  United Kingdom
diyAudio Member
 
Join Date: Nov 2003
Location: Brighton UK
Hi,

Tweeters are are not just tweeters depending on design philosophy.
Especially ones designed for simple x/o's, or default x/o correction.

rgds, sreten.
__________________
There is nothing so practical as a really good theory - Ludwig Boltzmann
When your only tool is a hammer, every problem looks like a nail - Abraham Maslow
  Reply With Quote
Old 6th December 2012, 10:12 PM   #27
diyAudio Member
 
Join Date: Nov 2011
Location: Cooktown, Oz
Quote:
Originally Posted by system7 View Post
I'd be quite interested to hear what it was that finally killed off the Leeds Wharfedale factory. Workers wages in Britain AREN'T all that high compared to our competitors. What is high is profit expectations and Directors and Managers wages. The tax burden of a huge state spend and high house prices don't help either. Nor does a banking sector that does NOT act in its customers interest. The geniuses who move manufacturing abroad forget they destroy the local wage income that creates purchasing power.
Agree with all that, system. Please petition Baroness Thatcher on behalf of all those who lost their jobs including ex-Wharfedale employees in Yorkshire.

Quote:
As for tweeters being tweeters, I can justify that. .... Not hard to adjust ... loadsa stuff ..
system, if you are really interested in the subject, I urge you to buy a cheap Behringer ECM8000 and try the free version of ARTA or REW.

Looking at datasheets is all very well and so is reading the comics about speaker design. But when you actually measure something you've put together, you quickly find what is solid & liquid BS.

You might also like to ask your hero, Robin Marshall, whether he thinks 'tweeters are tweeters'.

sreten may have some experience with measuring speakers & some of the free speaker design stuff available. I haven't tried any of them.

Please note the priority. Some means of measuring speakers FIRST. Supa dupa software to automate design later when you have a better idea of the need for this.

There's also stuff about formalising Listening Tests as part of the design process which I won't go into.
______________

Mike, can you take a picture of your xover? Can you trace the circuit and post a pic of this too?

The 1.8mH you measured is almost certainly the bass unit inductor. Did you unsolder one end of the inductor to measure it?

Last edited by kgrlee; 6th December 2012 at 10:17 PM.
  Reply With Quote
Old 6th December 2012, 10:25 PM   #28
sreten is offline sreten  United Kingdom
diyAudio Member
 
Join Date: Nov 2003
Location: Brighton UK
Hi,

FWIW the amateurs priority is drivers available with reliable measurements,
and then using some decent simulation and then some tweaking by ear.

Boxsim seems a good sim, if you can trust Visatons data,
but not very good for anything else, unless drivers are
similar, which generally in the critical regions are not.

Anything beyond numskull speaker design is fine by me, at
least your thinking about it, which solves half the problem.

Solving the other half properly or intelligently is the problem.

rgds, sreten.
__________________
There is nothing so practical as a really good theory - Ludwig Boltzmann
When your only tool is a hammer, every problem looks like a nail - Abraham Maslow
  Reply With Quote
Old 7th December 2012, 01:00 AM   #29
diyAudio Member
 
Join Date: Mar 2012
Quote:
Originally Posted by system7 View Post
I'd be quite interested to hear what it was that finally killed off the Leeds Wharfedale factory. Workers wages in Britain AREN'T all that high compared to our competitors. What is high is profit expectations and Directors and Managers wages. The tax burden of a huge state spend and high house prices don't help either. Nor does a banking sector that does NOT act in its customers interest. The geniuses who move manufacturing abroad forget they destroy the local wage income that creates purchasing power. This is why the EU is doomed.
I agree in many respects. As a student of history (another hobby- another BA late in life) I've often wondered why British mine and factory owners kept wages at subsistence level while trying to find markets for their manufactured goods, usually abroad because few British workers could afford to buy the fabulous products they were making. Over-generalisation, I know, but it has come full-circle in a way, now there are fewer workers required while housing is ridiculously priced (housing is no better in Australia, in fact Sydney is one of the worse places in the world for over-priced homes).
  Reply With Quote
Old 7th December 2012, 02:34 AM   #30
system7 is offline system7  United Kingdom
diyAudio Member
 
system7's Avatar
 
Join Date: Aug 2008
Well, Mike, if you listen to my learned friends here, you will abandon all hope of knocking that simple little speaker into shape, obviously far too difficult to try at home....

Tina TI is an op-amp simulator circuit that would interest me if I ever picked up amplifier design again. It does have a good filter modeller in it, but not one that has much relevance to loudspeakers, lacking FRD (Frequency Response and Phase) and ZMA (Impedance) loudspeaker modelling data.

My simple-minded approach relies on well-behaved standard sorts of drivers with published data and frequency response plots. Cabinet solutions are based on simple optimal stuff that works. It is not simple-minded at all, of course. More clear-minded. I leave it to the forum windbags to debate 0.618:1:1.618 or 0.8:1:1.25 cabinet ratios.

To solve a problem, the best approach is to simplify it. That is what I suggest. Treble filters are really not hard. I use Zobels and an input resistor because they just work with most stuff and it's not hard to look up tweeter inductance.

Bass filters vary a little and I assume you're working with the usual 0.6-0.9mH units. Plastic is a slow material which responds to simple filters. A simple coil and capacitor circuit will work passably well with little need for a notch as with the Wharfedale Laser 90B design. With paper bass, it helps to notch the AAL3 Resonance to reduce the annoying bass cone-breakup sound which is around 5kHz for 6" paper units.

Yes, Robin Marshall IS a hero of mine. I love his stuff. Maybe that's because I understand it. And like Lynn Olson, Joachim Gerhard and John Linsley-Hood, he can explain it simply. Good players make any game look easy. So does Troels Gravesen with this SEAS CURV plastic bass design:
SEAS CURV
__________________
Well, there it is! Best regards from Steve in Portsmouth, UK.
  Reply With Quote

Reply


Hide this!Advertise here!
Thread Tools Search this Thread
Search this Thread:

Advanced Search

Posting Rules
You may not post new threads
You may not post replies
You may not post attachments
You may not edit your posts

BB code is On
Smilies are On
[IMG] code is On
HTML code is Off
Trackbacks are Off
Pingbacks are Off
Refbacks are Off


Similar Threads
Thread Thread Starter Forum Replies Last Post
Wharfedale W90 Crossover Help jodyscott Multi-Way 12 7th July 2013 09:41 PM
Active crossover for old Wharfedale Diamonds 68Spider Multi-Way 9 22nd November 2011 11:24 AM
Wharfedale question crick Full Range 20 24th July 2007 03:05 PM
Tweeter impedance and crossover effect - Wharfedale Evo 30 lastig Multi-Way 1 29th January 2007 01:54 PM


New To Site? Need Help?

All times are GMT. The time now is 05:40 AM.


vBulletin Optimisation provided by vB Optimise (Pro) - vBulletin Mods & Addons Copyright © 2014 DragonByte Technologies Ltd.
Copyright 1999-2014 diyAudio

Content Relevant URLs by vBSEO 3.3.2