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Old 2nd January 2013, 07:41 AM   #41
ridikas is offline ridikas  United States
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Give me the exact volume of your cabinet (this is minus the volume which the crossover, brace, drivers, port, etc. takes up) and the inner diameter of your port and I will model it for you.

Or, if you want to learn modeling software, download Unibox here:

UniBox - Unified Box Model for Loudspeaker Design - Kristian Ougaard

It's very easy to use. Do not use the T/S parameters from Seas. I recommend that you use Zaph's measurements here: http://www.zaphaudio.com/6.5test/ER18RNX-TS.gif

They are more accurate.
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Old 2nd January 2013, 08:35 AM   #42
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Thx, will send you volume shortly. Will try calculations myself tonight.
p.s. : it was a bit of confusion then system
7 commented on er18. But I found enough advocates of Mark' design ...
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Old 2nd January 2013, 10:21 AM   #43
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Ok.. apparently volume is 15.88 l. Minus crossover and brace.. I flush Mounted baffle and back to be closer too original design and improve rigidity ..
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Old 2nd January 2013, 04:32 PM   #44
ridikas is offline ridikas  United States
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Take a guess on the brace and crossover, as I need the net volume in order to do modeling. I also need the inner diameter of your port and the length of the straight part of the pipe, not counting the flared ends.
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Old 2nd January 2013, 05:19 PM   #45
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50 mm diameter, 145 mm length .
Crossover roughly 0.200 land brace isabout 0.250.
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Old 2nd January 2013, 05:34 PM   #46
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Yes, forgot to say I am using non flared .
I can buy different port if calculations say so..
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Old 2nd January 2013, 05:37 PM   #47
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Not q big choice of flared ones in uk
The one which Available is 54mm x 140 mm length
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Old 2nd January 2013, 05:53 PM   #48
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gornir,
Just saw this thread for the first time and read through it to see what it was about. A question and a comment or two. First it appears that the 2nd order filters that are shown in some of the responses are not inverted at the driver. That would seem to be an error as that would have a deep notch at the crossover point? And the comment that a 4th order filter has group delay that is worse than a 2nd order filter may be technically correct, the fact is that in most designs the alignment of the tweeter without a horn and a bass/mid could use that delay to get the time alignment much closer than you would ever achieve with a simple 2nd order filter.

But those comments aside my actual question for you is about your Zobel or conjugate correction of the entire system. I have never seen this network in that position, one Zobel correcting for two devices simultaneously! What is your thinking here, why is there not two impedance corrections, one for each device, how can this work to correct both impedance rises at the same time with this design. That was the most interesting design aspect of this entire thread to me. I completely understand what you are attempting to do with the notch filters but not that one aspect of your xo design. Please do elucidate on that one feature.
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Old 2nd January 2013, 06:55 PM   #49
ridikas is offline ridikas  United States
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The trick to good bass is to shoot for lower Q and not have a "sharp knee," or hump in the response. The shallower the roll-off, the better the sound. However, it has to be within reason as to not sacrifice F3 too much. Tuning too low is also not recommended as your group delay will become worse. It's all about the sacrifices and balance.

In picture, unibox1, you can see the Seas ER18RNX data that I've entered using Zaph's T/S measurements.

In unibox2 you can see the smooth roll-off in a heavily stuffed enclosure. I've used your port of 5.4cm diameter and 14cm length. I've also set the internal volume to 15 liters.

Fb = 46Hz
F3 = 52Hz
F6 = 43Hz
F10 = 36Hz

Not bad at all.

In unibox 3 you can see what the response looks like if the enclosure is only lined, but not stuffed. Again, the port and the net volume has been forced to the data which you gave me. Here we have a slight response bump and a much sharper knee. While it might not bee a big deal in a medium to large room... In a smaller room, the bass might become slightly boomy (one note) and option one may indeed sound better.

In unibox4 (this applies only to the first option) you can see the port air speed and cone excursion. At 80 watts (ER18RNX's rated max power), the woofer stays within its linear excursion and only unloads below 40Hz. There's usually not that much music content below 40Hz, so it should not be a concern. For home theater, the DSP's bass management should be used and set to THX's standard of 80Hz. At that point, you can dump as much power as you want.

At 80 watts, we do exceed the recommended port air speed. However, it's unlikely that port noise will be present with normal music. A 40Hz continuous sinewave at full power might be a different story, but that is not normal conditions. One way to lower the port air speed is to use two 5.4cm ports, if you can fit them in the cabinet, as they will now have to be much longer.

A little advice on box dampening... From my personal experience and measurements, fiberfill, foam, Acousta-Stuf, etc. does very little to absorb reflections and standing waves. This is what I found to work the best over the years:

Line all cabinet walls with Dynamat (expensive), or similar (less expensive) product. Then, Owens Corning 703 hard fiberglass 1" panels (the best) (line all walls) works wonders for absorbing reflections: Owens Corning 703 Rigid Fiberglass Board, 1 Inch (6PK)

And finally, you have to deal with standing waves. If you read Mark's write-up, he recommends stuffing the box and also creating a layer between the port(s) and woofer. It's a very good idea. Standing waves and reflected midrange frequencies can escape the port(s) and color the sound. A bad port will measure like this (in red trace): http://www.stereophile.com/images/711DASSfig3.jpg

You can clearly see a huge resonance peak at 200Hz. And here is a well designed port (again in red): http://www.stereophile.com/images/712Dalifig3.jpg

Notice, it has zero excess resonances.

For a small two-way speaker like the ER18DXT, I use a rolled up sheet (120cm X 60cm) of medium sized (10mm bubbles) bubble wrap. Make sure you position it between the woofer and the port(s), but do not obstruct the port openings! This amount of bubble wrap will not effect your volume much and will also act as a heavy fill. Best of all worlds.
Attached Images
File Type: jpg unibox1.jpg (187.1 KB, 44 views)
File Type: jpg unibox2.jpg (176.3 KB, 44 views)
File Type: jpg unibox3.jpg (155.0 KB, 44 views)
File Type: jpg unibox4.jpg (176.7 KB, 44 views)

Last edited by ridikas; 2nd January 2013 at 07:06 PM.
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Old 2nd January 2013, 07:17 PM   #50
gornir is offline gornir  Sweden
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Kindhornman View Post
But those comments aside my actual question for you is about your Zobel or conjugate correction of the entire system. I have never seen this network in that position, one Zobel correcting for two devices simultaneously! What is your thinking here, why is there not two impedance corrections, one for each device, how can this work to correct both impedance rises at the same time with this design. That was the most interesting design aspect of this entire thread to me. I completely understand what you are attempting to do with the notch filters but not that one aspect of your xo design. Please do elucidate on that one feature.
You put the L2+C3+R4 circuit across the speaker input terminal before the actual cross-over filter for a total system impedance correction (picture1). See picture 2 and 3 for the effect of it.

Why use it? Actually this is an optional feature and isn't really needed, but can be good when using a tube amp.

Regards

/Göran
Attached Images
File Type: jpg Picture1.jpg (54.0 KB, 45 views)
File Type: jpg Picture2.jpg (278.0 KB, 12 views)
File Type: jpg Picture3.jpg (268.7 KB, 8 views)
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