Need Help w/ Bass Cabinet for TAD TL-1102 & TL-1601a. Use w/ TD-4001 & Yamamoto Horn
I am new at speaker building and need some help. I want to build cabinets for the TAD TL-1102 & TL-1601a.
I will be using the TL-1102 as mid-low.
Please look at the drawings and let me know your opinion. I am not sure whether having the ports in the back is good. Also, for the TL-1102 box, I am not sure whether the port can be sticking to the outside of its box. Also, I am not sure on the ports diameter and length.
I plan on using 1.5 inch solid maple in the front and 1 inch everywhere else unless it is too expensive.
As for the rest, I will use the TD-4001 with Yamamoto F350II horns. I will use a 4-way Accuphase F-25 active crossover. According to BassBox Pro, it is best to cross the TL-1102 and TL-1601a at 180Hz. I am thinking of crossing between the TL-1102 and TD-4001 at 800Hz. I am not sure on the tweeter yet.
This is my first attempt of putting together a system like this. As a matter of fact, this is my first thread on DIYAudio. Please make any suggestion, recommendation, and comments.
I still need to get a pair of TAD TL-1102. Please let me know if you have a pair for sale.
As for the tweeter, the most obvious choice would be TAD ET-703; but I am open to suggestions. I am looking for a pair of ET-703 as well.
A drawing of the back side.
I´m building a similar system and i´ll use 40 liter ported cabinet tuned to 40 hz for my 1102. I´ll use Jbl W1500h <-40hz. For the 1102, i bought mine at (X)bay from jin.
You have certainly selected top notch drivers for your project. As long as you build solid boxes and have decent electronics they'll sound great.
Here are a few basic comments.
- Mount the 1102's in small (~1cu-ft) internal sealed enclosures. Stuff those enclosures with dacron batting or some sort of acoustic damping material. Do not port this enclosure.
- Concentrate your design efforts on the boxes for the 1601's. These drivers are not made to move a lot of air below about 30Hz. My 1601's are in 4.5cu-ft ported enclosures. The ports are 4" diameter and 4.25" long. This provides a cutoff of about 38Hz with a shallow slope down to about 20Hz. I use an electronic boost to extend the cutoff down to about 28Hz with a pretty steep slope below that.
- Stay away from solid wood panels. They will resonate and give you peaks and dips in your response. Think about void free plywood or MDF. There are hundreds of threads on this subject so you need to do more study but these materials are a good start, they are readily available, relatively easy to work with, and will provide good results.
- Bracing, bracing, bracing, bracing and bracing.
- I am assuming that you will be tri-amping so be sure to put a high pass filter between your high range amp and the 4001's jsut in case your amp decides to output something in the lower frequencies. The beryllium diaphragms will not take too kindly to much low frequency drive. You will not want to replace these diaphragms too often at $900+ each (that's if you can find them).
- I don't know too much about the Accuphase crossover but it looks to have plenty of adjustability for experimentation.
- Take your time.
Good luck, I'm sure you will end up with great sounding speaker.
Thank you very much Rodd,
Could you tell me more on why I should not port the 1102 enclosure?
BassBox Pro definitely recommend ported box for the 1102. Probably because BassBox assumes that the 1102 will be used as woofer. I designed a 1 cu. ft.closed box in BassBox for the 1102 with "heavy" stuffing. The response graph shows that the ported box is better than the closed box in the mid-low range. Don't you use BassBox as well?
I will take your advice on the wood material. Please be more specific on what material. What do you think of birch plywood? Also, what do you think is the best thickness?
It will be a 4-way system. I will definitely look into a high pass filter. I am thinking of running the 4001 with 300B SET.
Everyone is welcome to chime in. Your comments will be greatly appreciated.
I would, however, consider extending the upper range of the 1102 out to 1kHz or possible a bit higher. There are a number of reasons for this but the main reason would be to unload the 4001 from having to reproduce the lower frequencies to further protect the diaphragms and help to lower distortion.
I try to keep the BW of any single driver to 3 octaves or less (horns can handle more than direct radiators). This isn’t always possible but if not, there should be a good reason for the BW extension. I also like to set a drivers cut-off at least an octave inside the manufacturers specification for BW range. Doing this will significantly lower IM distortion and help to keep the driver operating in a “comfortable” range.
FWIW, my 1601 subs are made from 1-1/4” MDF with ¼” plywood laminate and wood grain (teak) formica covering. The baffles are made from 1-1/2 MDF with ¼” plywood laminate to flush mount the drivers.
My mid-basses are made from old JBL L77 Lancer boxes on which I laminated the sides with ¼” plywood and added ½” MDF to the rear. The baffles were also laminated with ½ MDF plus ¼” plywood to flush mount the 2 – JBL LE10A’s per box. I added ¾” strips routed quarter-round to all of the corners for finish.
Thank you Rodd.
I will go with a closed box for the 1102. This would be much easier.
I will cross the between the 1102 and TD-4001 at 1000Hz. The Accuphase F25 has 1000Hz and 1200Hz cross point. I think 1200Hz might be too high.
"I try to keep the BW of any single driver to 3 octaves or less (horns can handle more than direct radiators). This isn’t always possible but if not, there should be a good reason for the BW extension. I also like to set a drivers cut-off at least an octave inside the manufacturers specification for BW range. Doing this will significantly lower IM distortion and help to keep the driver operating in a “comfortable” range."
I have no idea what you are talking about here. What does BW stands for? I wasn't kidding when I said I am new:)
Also, what do you recommend crossing between the TL-1601a and TL-1102?
The Accuphase F-25 active crossover have the following frequencies:
About the port(s), recommended reading:
BW = Band Width - The listed BW for the 1102 is 30Hz - 3kHz.
With the crossover you have you don't have to worry too much about where you cross from one driver to the next. As a start you might try 130Hz at first but it will work anywhere from 70Hz to 500Hz. The crossover to the 4001's are pretty flexible as well and would probably work fine anywhere between 500Hz and 2500Hz. Of course the sound will change as you change the xover points but that's the flexibility you will have to play with once you have your speaker built and setup.
There are a thousand other details that will impact on the final sound of your speakers. Some details will have a bigger than others. As I said before, do some searching and reading and take your time. Everthing I've said here has been covered multiple times on this forum alone, not to mention :shhh: the other forums on the web.
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