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MultiWay Conventional loudspeakers with crossovers 

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27th February 2008, 02:33 PM  #11 
diyAudio Member
Join Date: May 2007

I isolated this phenomenon to the tweeter crossover. The notch filter is doing the higher drop and the crossover itself is causing the lower one. I am attempting a redesign now to fix it.
My first cut got the lowest "theoretical" (PCD from the FRD tools) impedance at 3 Ohms. I believe this because my old circuit modeled spot on at 2 Ohms at the same frequency. I'll keep you all posted. 
27th February 2008, 03:09 PM  #12 
diyAudio Member
Join Date: Jun 2006

Have you done this in Speaker Workshop?
Should be pretty easy to play along with the simulation, and look at the simulated impedance plot. Then you will find out why this is happening. Most amps will survive an impedance dip down to 2 ohm, but at your plot you also have a big negative phase. Then the amp will stroggle more. At about 750hz, you have 3ohm/50 degrees. That shouldnt be the goal for an xo Are you sure your measuring setup is 100% correct? The SW setup and calibration can be hard to get right........
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Norcad 
27th February 2008, 04:09 PM  #13 
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Join Date: May 2007

My measurement setup is nonideal.
I can only measure inroom, with a pretty narrow gate. Plus I found out my test amp (MOSFET) shows a nice rising response in the top octave (as compared to the Outlaw amp). And I forgot to put my ECM8k correction file (also problems in the top octave). so I was sort of chasing a ghost with that notch filter, since some of that rising response was amp+mic. However, I know some of it is real, since the Adire DDR design and other measurements of the dipole Neo3 show a large hump in the top two octaves. I'm getting closer. The good news is that I think I'm at a reasonable baffle design and all subsequent problems can be fixed in the crossover. Oh, and I finally figured out how to do an impedance measurement in SW. Stupid checkbox!!! I had been going back and forth in passive crossover designer (PCD) to get my estimated impedance measurements. Thanks for the help all. 
27th February 2008, 09:36 PM  #14 
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Join Date: May 2007

Okay, I made some headway in PCD and SW today.
First off, the Neo3 in dipole is a real bear to dial in. The notch filter that makes it work ends up dropping the impedance below 2 Ohms. That was for the 4th order crossover. I did, however, design a crossover that was 2nd order for the low and high pass (500 and 3.5kHz). It's impedance drops only to 3 Ohms at two points and the impedance phase minimum is at 6 Ohms at 450Hz, otherwise, it looks very well behaved. I had to use some resistors on the midrange crossover to help adjust the slope and keep the impedance up. Thankfully, I had efficiency to spare in the mid. I'll build it tonight and see what I come up with. I may end up ditching the Neo3 and go with something more traditional, like 2 dome tweeters instead. That might make for an easier crossover design with fewer problems. 
28th February 2008, 02:59 AM  #15  
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Join Date: Jan 2002
Location: Wellington, New Zealand

Quote:


28th February 2008, 08:55 AM  #16  
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Join Date: Jun 2006

Quote:
I'm still wandering if you actually measured the impedance in SW? Do the impedance plot of each driver looks right? Have you tested with an accurate resistor, to check your setup and calibration? And if so, do you use an amp when you measure impedance, or just the soundcard? Im asking because I had trouble with this my self, and the problem was my soundcard. I had to use an amp on the imp measurements also, to get it right. Good luck!
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28th February 2008, 01:42 PM  #17 
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Join Date: May 2007

First, the two domes would be for dipole, so the interference is on purpose
Second, I use SW for all the measurements except the nongated inroom (the one posted). My setup is as follows: Laptop > MAudio Mobile Pre sound card > California Profile Amp (car sound w/ 12V,10A power supply) > Jig. Jig has voltage dividers built in to allow me up to 1.2V measurements at the lowest gain setting on the amp. It's similar to the Wallin jig, except it has no means to do microphone testing. For those, I plug into the MobilePre directly, using its phantom power. The jig uses a 10 Ohm resistor (measured several times to be 9.98 Ohms with different meters). Sound card was calibrated independently of the jig. I also soldered in 5 Ohm and 20 Ohm resistors for recalibration when necessary. For setup procedure, I follow the standard calibrations, set latency, and measure channel difference. For gates, I use a pulse measurement and try to balance the smooth response with the longest gate. My room is not ideal, but it's what I got. Two big mistakes I believe I made: One, I did not put my soundcard calibration file in. ECM8000 mic. People say it's flat, but mine is definitely one of the models that has an 8dB hump in the top octave. What measures flat, sounds dead, and what measures bright sounds flat. Some newer cal files for it show this exact phenomenon. I need to remeasure the drivers with this imported. Two, I did not calibrate the amp. With this current iteration, I ran two 2m inroom tests. Both were in Room EQ Wizard. One used my SW setup with the Profile amp, the other was through my home system with the Outlaw amp. The results are telling: the profile amp adds significant brightness in the top two octaves (this was with the mic calibration file). So I need a new testing amp, or at the very least, a full calibration for it. Any insight you may add would definitely help. I know I'm close to a good design, but it's like the balloon animals, squeeze in one spot and the problem moves down the line. Thanks, Anthony 
28th February 2008, 02:12 PM  #18 
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Join Date: May 2007

Also, within a few Hz, the impedance plots of the woofers and mids look to be on spec.
Ideal Dayton RS8's have an impedance peak at 27 Hz and a low of 7 Ohms. My measurements show it at 30 Hz and the low (in parallel) of 3.4 Ohms (6.8 individual). So bottom line: I trust my impedance measurements, I do not trust my acoustic measurements (completely). 
28th February 2008, 05:23 PM  #19 
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Join Date: Jun 2007

I've already admitted this problem is over my skill level, but I have to ask, is 2 ohms really that bad?
From the discussion, this is functionally a 4 ohm speaker, is it that odd for impedance to drop that far for a 4 ohms system? I recall a commercial speaker system rated at 8 ohms with a side note that impedance could drop as low as 3.2 ohms. I'm speculating that most Amp manufacturers know that rated or nominal impedance is something of an average; the speaker, in every case, will drop below the rated impedance. Further, this low impedance occurs twice, once at 1k and once at about 6khz for a very short span of frequencies. But I don't see any corresponding aberrations in the frequency response graphs. So, it may affect your amps, but it doesn't seem to affect your sound, and I think the affect on the amps would be tolerated unless you are abusing you amp in other ways. As to the Zobel networks, they would certainly smooth out the peaks, but I don't think they would raise the 'dips'. It will be interesting to find out what the final resolution to this problem is. steve/bluewizard 
28th February 2008, 05:37 PM  #20 
diyAudio Member
Join Date: Jul 2004
Location: Scottish Borders

Hi,
can you find/calculate the phase angle plot for these combinations of components? If 2ohm is resistive then don't worry. But if 2.5ohm (either side of the impedance dip) coincides with 50degree phase angle, particularly capacitive, then you must design the amplifier to be capable of driving that severe load.
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regards Andrew T. 
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