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rjm rjm is offline

Richard Murdey

diyAudio Member

About Me

  • About rjm
    Biography
    Canadian citizen, Japanese resident.
    Location
    Kyoto
    Interests
    Audio Circuitry
    Occupation
    Research Scientist
    Country
    Japan
    Real Name
    Richard Murdey
  • Signature
    RJM Audio (phonoclone.com / G+)

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  • Last Activity: Today 12:55 AM
  • Join Date: 2nd May 2004

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Posted 26th June 2015 at 02:59 AM by rjm Comments 1
I'm often asked "which op amp sounds better".

The reply is usually a scowl and muttered "does it look like I care!?" Which is something of a lie... I do care about getting op amps to sound good. It's the phrasing of the question I dislike.

Op amps do not come in "good, better, best" flavors. All it is - and this is pretty obvious I would have thought but apparently not - all this is about is matching an op amp to the job it's going to do; the circuit it's going to be sitting in.

The op amp you'd choose to use as a DAC IV converter is different from the one you'd choose to back a 100k volume potentiometer in a preamp is different from the one you'd choose for an MC phono preamp input stage...

Why do you think there are like a gazillion different op amps to choose from in the first place? It's because there are about a gazillion combinations of op amp characteristics and properties ... not because companies...

Posted 10th June 2015 at 01:10 PM by rjm Comments 0
Posted in The Lab
Work stuff. I was writing Labview vis for an hp 4192A LF impedance analyzer and needed something to measure to check the data acquisition program. So I stuck some of my audio capacitors I happened to have into the 16047A test fixture "just to see".

I have no idea what these measurements are telling me other than yes, the 0.47 uF capacitors are indeed 0.47 uF ... up to about 0.5 MHz anyway. Maybe someone can do some technical analysis. I was struck though by just how quickly the inductance of these big film caps kicks in. As audio coupling caps they are fine, but if you are silly enough to use them as power supply bypass for example...

There are some reproducibility issues I'm still coming to grips with, but the differences shown in the plots is definitely from the capacitors themselves and not the leads or random variations. I've measured them several times over with similiar result.

Posted 8th June 2015 at 07:45 AM by rjm Comments 2
LTSpice copy (protection diodes removed) of the original JE-990 circuit. Even with BC327/337 subbed in for all the original transistors the simulation works without further modification.

C1 seems to be critical for stability. C2 and C3 damp overshoot seen on the simulated square wave response, hinted at by the high frequency rise in frequency response shown in the screen grab below.

My impression is that this circuit is of the heavily optimized, no-stone-left-untouched variety.

Sourced from m.nats page and The John Hardy Company.

Posted 21st May 2015 at 01:32 PM by rjm Comments 0
This post, about a push-pull MOSFET output stage for a headphone amp, got me thinking again about the Audio Technica AT-HA5000, which is something of a benchmark in its class. The "basic" signal circuit (not a complete schematic, it's clearly missing some ancillary details) is attached below. Probably out of MJ originally.

I think with any circuit like this, the differences are less about the MOSFETs and the operating points and more about the front end and what tricks you do with the power supply. That, and how you make sure it doesn't go up in a puff of vaporized silicon taking your headphones with it.

The Audio Technica schematic has nice old-school Zener regulators, a discrete JFET front end, a long tailed pair + current mirror for voltage gain and "proper" BJT Vbe multiplier and driver stage. Q7 is presumably in thermal contact with Q10,11 providing overtemp protection, and the output has a protection relay (not shown in detail) for...

Posted 20th May 2015 at 06:00 AM by rjm Comments 12
The circuit was originally hosted on Headwize, but the site seems to have gone offline.

It was a single stage resistively-loaded MOSFET follower, a unity gain current buffer used to drive headphones.

Some updated versions provided below. As noted in the comments the "Reverso" version with the CCS on the V+ and a p-channel mosfet has better PSRR performance, especially with voltage divider network R6,R7,C4 on the collector of Q2.

So good in fact that I switched around the n-channel version to use a negative voltage rail to obtain the same result!
Recent Comments
Well written, thank...
Posted 1st July 2015 at 12:26 PM by CHiroshi CHiroshi is offline
Thanks for the additional...
Posted 16th June 2015 at 12:56 AM by rjm rjm is offline
Steve Hogan and John...
Posted 15th June 2015 at 04:38 AM by disfunctionalshadow disfunctionalshadow is online now
The latest drivers are...
Posted 11th June 2015 at 05:55 AM by rjm rjm is offline
Do you know where to...
Posted 3rd June 2015 at 01:18 AM by pinnocchio pinnocchio is offline
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