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Old 24th January 2012, 10:42 PM   #1371
DF96 is offline DF96  England
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The point is that in a typical SS amp loop gain at 1kHz is higher than 20kHz, so distortion products at 1kHz are likely to be better suppressed. Also, a push-pull amp could have higher third-order than second-order distortion. Hence an output spectrum with slightly higher 3rd-order IMD than 2nd-order IMD is quite possible. Nothing suspicious there.
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Old 24th January 2012, 11:10 PM   #1372
wahab is offline wahab  Algeria
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Quote:
Originally Posted by DF96 View Post
The point is that in a typical SS amp loop gain at 1kHz is higher than 20kHz, so distortion products at 1kHz are likely to be better suppressed.
Agree on this principle provided the signal frequency is not higher
than 1KHZ.

What i believe is that more linearity at 1KHZ will not reduce
the 1KHZ byproduct since it is produced by a lack of linearity at 20KHZ.

When one want to reduce IMD , he will often increase the amp s OLG
and of course compensate adequatly.

The compensation will produce the classic effect that the amp
will just see its low frequency OLG increased while the slope being
the same , the amp will apparently display the same gain at high
frequencies , yet the amp will have less IMD at 1KHZ , leading to think
that increased OLG at 1KHZ (but not at 20KHZ) has reduced the
1KHZ byproduct.

This is wrong , as in fact the amp has intrinsically way higher
gain at high frequencies , it s just that the compensation
did dump a lot of it in internal feedback loops that has the consequence
of linearizing the affected stages at the said high frequencies ,
hence the amp will produce less 1KHZ byproduct because of
higher effective gain at high frequencies before the compensation
is applied.
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Old 24th January 2012, 11:18 PM   #1373
tvrgeek is offline tvrgeek  United States
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Thank you Godfrey. I knew there had to be something else to it. That makes sense, sort of I think. The gap here shows how much I have to learn. I will criticize the designer for passing 1.9W through a 2W resistor though. I suspect there are a lot of details in this amp that are not obvious.

Now I need to learn a bit about feedback from the above discussion. It would seem to be a combination of post textbook mixed with Duh! One can learn a lot form that.

I have been cleaning up the entire schematic. I have a version now I can actually read the values. Pixel by pixel.

The "new" old Parasound sounds pretty good, or should I say, doesn't seem to sound noticeably so far. I look forward to some critical listening.
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Old 25th January 2012, 12:46 AM   #1374
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Make sure the output bias is OK.
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Old 25th January 2012, 01:59 AM   #1375
tvrgeek is offline tvrgeek  United States
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Will do. I have not opened it wanting to be sure it survived its rough shipping. Is it obvious when I look inside? Rail fuse and a marked pot? I opened one of my RA951's to change a jumper setting and noticed no rail fuses, just two in front of the rectifier. So I guess I would measure across the emitter resistors and hope decent current sharing across the outputs? Being 10 years old and also made in China, I thought it wise to check them too.
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Old 25th January 2012, 03:16 AM   #1376
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MEASURE across one EMITTER RESISTOR and set to 0.022V-.0.025V. No more, no less, if possible. NO fuses to concern yourself with, be careful, it can be touchy.
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Old 25th January 2012, 03:18 AM   #1377
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The HCA1200 was built in Taiwan, very different from mainland China, the factory looks like one might look in Silicon Valley. Don't worry too much, you will just break something.
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Old 25th January 2012, 08:05 AM   #1378
Previously: Kuei Yang Wang
 
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Hi,

Quote:
Originally Posted by ThorstenL View Post
here a REAL 100W Lateral Mosfet Amp based on the hitatchi schematics measured in stereophile with 20V P-P (that is at 10dB lower power than your simulation) into 8 Ohm:

Click the image to open in full size.
So, where is the 1KHz IM product? It is actually there if you look close enough, it is near the beginning of the Graph and of similar level as the 3rd order sidebands (~ -70dB).

Why does it look different to what Simulators show? Well, simulators lie outrageously about transistor linearity, Ft etc, real transistors in real circuits are usually much worse than simulations.

Also, this Amplifier uses degeneration in the IPS and VAS Stage, lowish open loop gain and PI compensation instead of Miller compensation. As I said it is BASED on the Hitatchi schematic (two differential amps daisy-chained, second with current mirror load), but it does not slavishly replicate it. The results are as measured.

The design actually has been cloned here on DIYA and was extensively discussed in the context (with the usual suspects loosing no time to dump on it and the attempt to clone it, because it was not exactly a Hitatchi Amp, because it was somewhat similar to a Hitachi Amp and because it had a high pricetag), has been simulated to death at least trice and there are also threads on potential improvements.

For anyone particularly interested in the Amplifier, details of it's design and how it fared in subjective evaluation, the whole Stereophile article is here:

Goldmund Mimesis 8 power amplifier | Stereophile.com

Having heard an Amplifier from this generation (not sure if it was a Mimesis 8 or Mimesis 9 though - I suspect a 9 though) I have to say I liked it by far better than most solid state amplifiers I had the chance to hear. It is one of the few SS Amplifiers I'd be willing to live with.

It way bettered big ML Monoblocks we had for comparison in all areas but it played second fiddle to an open-loop tube amplifier (845 Single Ended), so personally I'd probably take a Kondo Ongaku or Baransu if I could have ANY Amp I liked but only one.

Speakers during this evaluation where quite high efficiency I might add (15" PHL Woofer & 2" Compression Driver/Horn giving around 98dB/W/m), which does play a role.

Ciao T
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Old 25th January 2012, 09:42 AM   #1379
DF96 is offline DF96  England
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Quote:
Originally Posted by wahab
What i believe is that more linearity at 1KHZ will not reduce
the 1KHZ byproduct since it is produced by a lack of linearity at 20KHZ.
If you live in a free country you may believe whatever you wish. Nature, including electronic amplifiers, will do what she has always done whatever we believe.

I did not say "more linearity at 1kHz". I said more loop gain at 1kHz. Non-linearity at the original frequencies generates the extra components; feedback at the resultant frequencies suppresses the extra components.

I don't wish to repeat an argument already carried out in another thread. If you weren't convinced then you are unlikely to be convinced now. All I was trying to do was show that your criticism of Thorsten's plot is based on your misunderstanding of how feedback works.
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Old 25th January 2012, 12:59 PM   #1380
wahab is offline wahab  Algeria
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Quote:
Originally Posted by DF96 View Post
All I was trying to do was show that your criticism of Thorsten's plot is based on your misunderstanding of how feedback works.
That s quite an acrobatic claim...

Moreover , if we look at the Goldmund s IMD graph , wich according
to Thorson is a measurement at 20V PP ,that is 7V RMS , we can see
that at 1KHZ there s nothing else than a notch and the close peaks
are not distinguished from noise.

To assert the presence of 1KHZ residual there should be peaks
comparable to the 18 and 21KHZ ones , that is the peaks have two clear bars
with a minimum of width between them.

Anyway, the output level allow the amp to stay in a better linearity zone,
albeit the 18/21khz products are high for a so called high end amplifier.
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