5Y3GT rectifier difficulty - diyAudio
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Old 4th July 2012, 04:59 AM   #1
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Default My 5E3 Tweed Deluxe build

I designed a circuit board of my own based on the Fender 5E3 schematic. I fire it up and get no DC to the power rail. The 5Y3GT is wired thusly - pins 4 and 6 each get a red lead and show a nice sine wave and carry 350VAC. Pin 2 has a single yellow lead. Pin 8 has a yellow lead, the red OT lead, and the cap and resistor. Red/yellow lead is tied to ground. Ground net of the circuit board is tied to same point. Heater circuit is good.

Pin 8 net reads 4.6VAC. No DC at all. I've swapped the yellow leads to no avail. Want to seek advice before I cut and jump too much.

Any suggestions for me to try? Already bought a new JJ tube in case my original was bad.

Last edited by sixblade; 15th July 2012 at 05:53 PM. Reason: more indicative title - may as well keep it all in one thread
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Old 4th July 2012, 07:17 AM   #2
12E1 is offline 12E1  United Kingdom
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So does the mains transformer have a center-tap for the HT winding...? If so then that should go to the negative end of the capacitor. If not, then this is not really the right circuit for your transformer.
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Old 4th July 2012, 08:08 AM   #3
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I don't know what you're doing here exactly, but if you were going to use a power transformer with no centre tap then what you would need is a Hybrid Bridge. For this you take a pair of UF4007 diodes and connect them between the two high voltage AC inputs to your rectifier and your ground. The lines round the diodes point to the tube pins and away from ground, as shown in the hybrid bridge diagram.

BUT!! With your transformer this will give you 350v x 1.4 or approx 490v. So DO NOT DO THIS with a 350v AC transformer!!!

The 5E3 circuit expects a HT of 375v as far as I can see, so for a hybrid bridge this is the WRONG value transformer. You'd be wanting a mains transformer with an output of around 285v AC, and of course the right current rating. If you used 350v AC it would be altogether too high for your circuit and the tube and capacitor ratings - totally unsafe, so don't try it!

See diagram in post 12 below for a hybrid bridge

http://www.audiokarma.org/forums/sho...d.php?t=445418

I'm getting 375v from the 5E3 schematic here:
http://www.lindonstonemusic.ca/schem...deluxe-5e3.gif

Last edited by andyjevans; 4th July 2012 at 08:13 AM.
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Old 4th July 2012, 12:54 PM   #4
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Thanks for the responses. Here is my schematic and more information. Can anything be determined from it?

The two xfmrs are Hammond replacements for the Tweed Deluxe, models 290AX and 1750H so there should be no problem with them. The red/yel center tap now goes to AC input chassis GND. I originally had it soldered to GND mecca on my board, which is E16, right next to the switch on the schematic. The *board* (at E16) is grounded now with a wire that also attaches to the same place as the red/yel lead, so I really didn't change much. My prototype has no Standby Switch installed. Also the two diodes by the 5Y3GT are *not* installed. I'm not sure why they were there in the first place, as I was adopting someone else's idea. I'm not an EE, I'm a pcb designer, so I know just enough to get myself into trouble
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File Type: gif 5E3.GIF (39.6 KB, 209 views)
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Old 4th July 2012, 02:12 PM   #5
MelB is offline MelB  Canada
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You also have to wait for the tube to warm up right?
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Old 4th July 2012, 02:33 PM   #6
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Quote:
Originally Posted by MelB View Post
You also have to wait for the tube to warm up right?
Sir, how long does that take? I'm not a musician either!
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Old 4th July 2012, 02:43 PM   #7
JimW is offline JimW  United States
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Since you mentioned correct vac readings, and it does read as if the 5y3 is wired correctly, two questions. 1 is the tube warming up (filament glowing)? want to make sure the tube is good, and 2, are you reading for vdc from pin 8 to ground with a vac scale on meter instead of a vdc scale? I have made the mistake of doing various readings and forgetting to change the meter setting.
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Old 4th July 2012, 02:54 PM   #8
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Jim thank you. I've got my meter set correctly for AC/DC when I test.

No glow from the tube....is it possible to test my 2 tubes here at home?

@andyjevans - I've compared your schematic to mine. I don't see any critical differences jumping out.
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Old 4th July 2012, 04:45 PM   #9
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Yowch I made a mistake on my schematic. Notice I made a single input, for instrument only. I replaced the missing pot with a 1M resistor because that is what the circuit expects. That R is wired up wrong. I can fix it...but I don't think its going to solve my problem.
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Old 4th July 2012, 05:22 PM   #10
kevinkr is offline kevinkr  United States
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Make sure D1 and D2 are installed in the correct orientation, banded ends facing towards pins 4 & 6.. Check for obvious miswiring, I will confess that on more than one occasion I have wired an ENTIRE socket backwards!

Verify the filament is glowing, it should only take a few seconds for the 5Y3 filament to start to light up.

You can verify the filament continuity with a DMM, you should be able to measure a few ohms or less between the filament pins.

I've seen some weird stuff in guitar amplifiers, but pins 2 & 3 of the volume control appear to be swapped. (Or not, would need to see the original to be sure that is not the case. It'll work either way.)

The input pot you deleted is not strictly necessary since most guitars have a volume pot.
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