Midgard, a low distortion Lateral FET output Headphone Amplifier - diyAudio
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Old 12th October 2012, 06:18 PM   #1
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Default Midgard, a low distortion Lateral FET output Headphone Amplifier

Simple design but with good performance

1.4mA through each LTP transistor, 10 mA through the VAS, Output biased at 150mA.

Input and feedback has its own little ground island that goes back to star ground, rest of the board has a ground plane with the current sources as well as the supply caps and DC servo connected to this plane, it also acts as a shield.

Simulated THD20 with +/- 15VDC supplies :

THD20 at 1VRMS into a 32 Ohm load is 0.001169% rising to 0.011811% at 7VRMS

THD20 at 1VRMS into a 250 Ohm load is 0.000955% rising to 0.007606% at 7VRMS

THD20 at 1VRMS into a 600 Ohm load is 0.000929% rising to 0.007663% at 7VRMS

Still need to do a little tweaking and adding a DC servo to the layout.

Simple to build with no matching of transistors required and a relatively low component count.
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Last edited by Neutrality; 13th October 2012 at 01:11 PM.
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Old 13th October 2012, 11:36 AM   #2
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This is now my third headphone amplifier design.

What I have done with Midgard compared with Thor and Mjølner is a case of simplifying the build, with fewer parts and no matching of parts required.

Thor was my first project and it had great performance into 32-600 Ohm loads but the need for matched input JFET's and the multistage topology made it unessecarily expensive and complicated to build.

Mjølner was my second project, slightly worse performance than Thor and it was only really good for 150-600 Ohm loads, but I removed a few stages and it was therefore easier to build. However, it still used input JFET's that needed to be matched.

Midgard, now this could be the best of the bunch. It does not have the same 100% symmertry as Thor and Mjølner but it is much simpler to build with no matching of parts required. Gone is the JFET's in the input, a few stages have been removed but it retains(improves really) the same performance as Thor into 32-600 Ohm loads.
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Old 13th October 2012, 11:43 AM   #3
Mooly is offline Mooly  United Kingdom
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Nice design and good to see laterals used for something like this.
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Old 13th October 2012, 04:20 PM   #4
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With a low gain of X2.5 simulation shows it capable to drive up to 5nF loads directly without stability issues. This SHOULD be good enough for majority of cables out there, however, if instabilty shows up there are 3 solutions :

1. Increase the Miller compensation cap. This gives a little higher THD as well as lower slewrate. Slewrate is directly proportional to size
of the Miller cap.

2. Increase gain. Many amps do not like it the closer to unity gain they get, increasing gain improves stabilty into capacitive loads.

3. Add a 2uH//2R filter in series with the output signal. This isolates the output from any capacitive loads seen on the other side of the 2uH//2R filter.

Personally, adding 2uH//2R at the output is my favourite since it does not affect THD or slewrate. This means you can have a low distortion, high slewing amp and still retain the ability to drive highly capacitive loads.

It might not be an issue at all, but until I actually build the amp I won't really know.

Last edited by Neutrality; 13th October 2012 at 04:24 PM.
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Old 13th October 2012, 11:34 PM   #5
cotdt is offline cotdt  United States
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very cool!
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Old 25th October 2012, 10:24 PM   #6
Telstar is offline Telstar  Italy
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I was looking forward to this
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Old 5th November 2012, 08:52 PM   #7
Telstar is offline Telstar  Italy
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Please pm me when the pcb will be available.
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Old 5th November 2012, 09:40 PM   #8
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Telstar View Post
Please pm me when the pcb will be available.
I am sorry to inform you of this, but this project is put on hold for the near future.

I just do not have the time and money to put into as many projects as I would like. Maybe I will go back and look at this project again sometime early next year.

But for now, do not hold your breath waiting for it.
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Old 14th December 2012, 07:31 PM   #9
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I have resurrected this project but there has been a few changes, changes big enough to warrant a new thread.

Give me a few minutes.
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