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Old 28th November 2012, 01:57 PM   #41
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Here's the mixed feedback driver circuit for the CineMag transformer. I used a 10k ohm load instead of the 1k shown. Predicted performance is 2nd harmonic at -90 dB @ 20Hz, which is about what I got in reality. Without the circuit, 20Hz performance is horrible. Predicted performance for 1kHz is to have the 2nd harmonic at about -129dB. So, this is about as good as it gets for an output transformer, as far as I know. Noise is extremely low.

I have since modified this circuit to include a LME49710 unity gain buffer in front since the input impedance for this circuit is only 1k ohm.

I realized that I really do need to have balanced sources and measuring instruments because I have some balanced gear and I wouldn't be able to test it otherwise.

So, I think I'll try the cross feed circuit in real life and see if it blows up, oscillates, or latches. Several manufacturers use the cross feed circuit in their balanced line drivers, but they only have performance at -100dB or thereabouts. I'm hoping to be much better than that.

I suppose I could have one single ended output and one balanced one, and use a simple circuit like you have shown for the balanced one. That way it's unlikely that one of the hot pins on the balanced circuit will be grounded by a single ended circuit.

Thanks for your suggestions!
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Old 28th November 2012, 03:25 PM   #42
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Interesting,
How will your circuit perform with single drive and series connected primaries (N2, N3)?
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Old 28th November 2012, 03:32 PM   #43
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Quote:
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Interesting,
How will your circuit perform with single drive and series connected primaries (N2, N3)?
The circuit is derived from a Lundahl app note:
http://www.lundahl.se/pdfovrigt/feedbck.pdf
which in turn references a German patent from a while ago.
Walt Jung has tried out the circuit as well with good results.

The two independent primaries are required for the circuit to function as intended. I have not tried deleting the positive feedback and driving it as you suggest.
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Old 28th November 2012, 04:11 PM   #44
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Hi,
Yes, I've seen the app note. I thought of the possibility to eliminate 1/2 of the electronics and run as the Lundahl unbalanced example.
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Old 28th November 2012, 04:49 PM   #45
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Hi,
Yes, I've seen the app note. I thought of the possibility to eliminate 1/2 of the electronics and run as the Lundahl unbalanced example.
Yes, that will work, but the distortion will be a little higher. Mr. Jung tried both of them and found the balanced version had lower THD.
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Old 28th November 2012, 05:18 PM   #46
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Ok, Mr Jung certainly know. Do you have a link to this material that one can digest?

Thanks for fueling interest.

Btw, I went to my storage looking for line transformers that I remember spotting at one time looking for something else. The same thing happens again. I found no less than 3 small ready made unbalanced - balanced converter PCB's with symmetry trimmers. Just have to put in fancy OP-amps. Now I must look for something else so I can find the transformers.
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Old 28th November 2012, 05:43 PM   #47
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Ok, Mr Jung certainly know. Do you have a link to this material that one can digest?

Thanks for fueling interest.

Btw, I went to my storage looking for line transformers that I remember spotting at one time looking for something else. The same thing happens again. I found no less than 3 small ready made unbalanced - balanced converter PCB's with symmetry trimmers. Just have to put in fancy OP-amps. Now I must look for something else so I can find the transformers.
http://waltjung.org/PDFs/ADI_2002_Se..._Drivers_I.pdf

Discussion starts on page 6.69.

I am surprised because the balanced version of this circuit does in fact use a single primary. I had forgotten about that completely.
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Old 28th November 2012, 06:09 PM   #48
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Good document, certainly something to read in detail.

Thinking loud, in your circuit you monitor just one winding while providing current to both windings (one has that sense resistor). This made me thinking enough to ask what i did.
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Old 28th November 2012, 06:30 PM   #49
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Good document, certainly something to read in detail.

Thinking loud, in your circuit you monitor just one winding while providing current to both windings (one has that sense resistor). This made me thinking enough to ask what i did.
I think the idea is that the positive feedback correction is applied to the first opamp, and the second one already receives the corrected signal, so positive feedback isn't required for the second one. I've tried it just now in simulation and while the 20Hz distortion is improved by 10dB, the 1Khz distortion is considerably worse. I don't have a perfect model for the transformer though so who knows. I have not tried the one used by Mr. Jung.
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Old 28th November 2012, 06:50 PM   #50
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Yes, but if the primaries differ slightly (in real life). Can you get the same performance by taking feedback from just one winding? Me thinks that both windings should be included.
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