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Old 9th December 2006, 03:45 AM   #1
BHD is offline BHD  United States
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Default A question about back loaded horn efficiency

I have a question about how sensitive a back horn will really be in a real world application. I've always thought that if you have a back horn loaded driver that has a 96 db @ 1W/1M efficiency, you'd get that same efficiency in room with that sort of cabinet.

I was reading Art Dudley's online review of Ed Schilling's "The Horn" in Stereophile, the review of the older version that uses the Fostex FE108E Sigma driver (He currenly uses the FE126). The efficiency of this driver as per the Fostex spec sheet is 90 db @ 1W/1M, but when the speaker was actually measured, they got an efficiency rating of 94 db @ 1W/1M.

How is this so? I would think that with a 90 db efficient driver, you'd get a loudspeaker with the same efficiency. Can someone explain this to me? I don't rule out that maybe their measurements could be wrong, but say what you will about their editorial content and reviews, they should be able to make a fairly accurate measurement of this sort.

For those that are interested, here is the link to the measurements in the review:

http://stereophile.com/loudspeakerre...rn/index4.html

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Old 9th December 2006, 03:59 AM   #2
lndm is offline lndm  Australia
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Sensitivity is measured on an IEC baffle. Baffle step diffraction typically takes up to 6dB off this. So it is not uncommon (in theory at least) to expect up to 6dB less and to knock the midrange off with the crossover.

Large baffles and back horns can attempt to reclaim the lost sensitivity. In the case of the back horn, you can get bass that is greater than the original sensitivity. But back horns don't help in the midrange. What good is loud bass if you don't have midrange to go with it?

If you only want bass, then all is good. If you design the horn to have just enough efficiency to give you the right level of bass (to rated sensitivity), that's OK too. You could also horn load the front, or you could let the horn be efficient and actively EQ the bass back down, scoring much more output from your amp.
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Old 9th December 2006, 04:07 AM   #3
BHD is offline BHD  United States
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This speaker has a small baffle, but it appears that the overall measured response is 94db at one watt input, while the driver itself specs at 90.

I understand that back loaded horns amplify the bass output of low Qts drivers, but how do you account for the increased efficiency from 90 to approximately 94db 1W/1M?

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Old 9th December 2006, 04:52 AM   #4
lndm is offline lndm  Australia
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There appears to be a little peaking at the top end, perhaps some cone breakup. It wouldn't be hard to horn load the bass up to that level. I'm not certain if this is done here, but I feel it wouldn't be right to exploit that.

Rarely do I find that sensitivity lines up. How does a manufacturer come up with it?...I encourage a grain of salt.
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Old 9th December 2006, 04:23 PM   #5
holdent is offline holdent  Canada
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As I understand it the smallest baffle size for an IEC baffle is 1350 mm x 1650 mm (for an 8" driver - see http://www.rjbaudio.com/Audiofiles/FRDtools.html) or roughly 41" x 65". This is a (relatively) huge baffle so I can't agree with Indm that the differences in sensitivity related to the baffle step because you'd expect the opposite to what has been measured -- the driver in IEC baffle should be more sensitive. Unfortunately I can't explain the difference though.
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Old 10th December 2006, 05:42 AM   #6
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norms, norms...a fullrange's 1W/1m nominal shout is what it does at, I believe, one Kilohertz under DIN specs - nice to build a driver that is a singer from hell on the spec sheet and the DIY crowd have to somehow make it sing. But who cares - we can !

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Old 10th December 2006, 06:17 AM   #7
Variac is offline Variac  United States
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Quote:
What good is loud bass if you don't have midrange to go with it?
If you have more bass than you want then you can roll some off with simple eq to keep from running out of excusion- a real problem with small high efficiency drivers.

Nelson Pass does this with his J-lo horns I believe.
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Old 10th December 2006, 02:58 PM   #8
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what is about this solution:
http://www.hm-moreart.de/102.htm
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Old 10th December 2006, 10:40 PM   #9
chrisb is offline chrisb  Canada
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BHD - this topic had been recently discussed on a now deleted thread on another forum
I'd suggest you direct your inquiry to Ed, the father of 'the Horn' - I can assure you he'd have a word or 3 on this subject. (if you decide to phone him, take your bathroom break first)
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Old 11th December 2006, 02:44 AM   #10
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Quote:
(if you decide to phone him, take your bathroom break first)


I suppose I should have posted this on the Horn Shoppe forum, but since I don't own a pair of his speakers I didn't want to waste his time. I was just hoping that someone here could come up with an answer.

Thanks to all who took the time to try, though...

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