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Matching transistors for electret microphone?
Matching transistors for electret microphone?
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Old 28th January 2007, 10:22 PM   #1
cafh is offline cafh  Sweden
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Question Matching transistors for electret microphone?

I have some decent electret microphone capsules that I want to modify with phantom-power and balanced cable. This would accept higher sound pressure levels, SPL, and lower the level of hum and noice. A similar mod. could be done with all electret capsules. A circuit for my caplule, UEC-14, is available at:
A circuit for other capsules at: http://www.epanorama.net/circuits/mi...g.html#phantom The transistor for my capsule is the BC560C. My supplyer haven't got that one, but recommend the BC860C from Philips or Samsung. They should be matched. The information about matching I've found have been different in relation to how you use the transistor. My circuit doesn't tell which data that should be matched. In a similar circuit it says "should be hand-picked for low noise and matched gain" Is that the same as HFe? My transistors will work at 36 Volt. The simple multimeter use just a few volt to measure HFe. Will that be close enough to match with?
Do you have other comments on this circuit? Are there better transistors for this purpuse? Someone called Chinn says: "My objection to this circuit is its total dependence on the CMRR of the balanced input as neither side of the microphone element is grounded; you must replace the cable with 2C shielded twisted pair" What does that mean? He argues for another solution at: http://www.uneeda-audio.com/pzm/pzm_kit2006.pdf
However, my version of the UEC-14 is different from the one in the circuit because I had to remove the bottom of the capsule to decouple the resistor of 2.2 kOhm. But that's easy.
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Old 29th January 2007, 11:30 PM   #2
wds is offline wds  United States
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If you need to match PNP's you can consider this option:
CT100 USB Semiconductor Curve Tracer
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Old 30th January 2007, 08:27 AM   #3
cafh is offline cafh  Sweden
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Thank you, wds.
Well, if that's the way to go I will borrow a curve tracer from someone in my town. For me who expects to use it just once in a lifetime, it's too expensive to buy one... By the way, here's the circuit I mentioned.
Attached Files
File Type: pdf uec-14-at.pdf (97.5 KB, 85 views)
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Old 12th April 2007, 11:16 AM   #4
wxn is offline wxn  Lithuania
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Anyone familiar with this UEC-14 capsule? Got tired of googling, there seems to be no datasheets, no nothing. Any information/photos/feedback would be appreciated. The price is right and everything looks promising. Might order one or two..
Nothing is as simple as it seems
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