12V DC Motor Speed Controller - DIY? - diyAudio
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Old 23rd January 2008, 11:20 AM   #1
diyAudio Member
Join Date: Nov 2007
Default 12V DC Motor Speed Controller - DIY?

Hi there,

I am looking for a relative simple circuit to precisly control a small 12v DC motor. It must also have 2 speed presets - and yes, it is for a turntable...

The conversion kits comercially available is rediciliously expensive! I wont pay what they ask - rather make my own unit.

Thank you in advance for any advice on where to start. I am a bit dumb when it comes to designing circuits - usually a lot of smoke and cursing...

Dewald aka GD

Attached is the pic of my DEWAUDIO Credence turntable. At the moment it uses an AC Synchronous motor. 240 VAC with a Linn Valhalla PSU.
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Old 23rd January 2008, 11:52 AM   #2
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Location: South Worcestershire
I have a circuit for controlling a 12V motor with tachogenerator. It works pretty well. Does your chosen motor have a tacho? If so, I will draw the circuit up for you and post it.

If not, there are basically two approaches.
1) Simplest - just generate a low noise, adjustable voltage. Simple, can work well, but for a DC motor, the speed at constant voltage drops as the mechanical load, the torque, increases. Variations in torque requirements (for example due to loud passage on a record) cause minor wow. For two speeds, you just switch between two voltage settings.
2) Slightly more complex - current sensing circuits. These attempt to correct for the slowing due to increased torque by sensing the current drawn, and raising the voltage to compensate. If you over-do the compensation you get instability. There are several variants in this class. I've not heard one of these myself, but
they have a good reputation.
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Old 23rd January 2008, 12:23 PM   #3
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Thank you for the response.

I dont have a motor yet. Any recommendations on Tachogenerator motors?

Option #1 sounds very easy at the moment... but auto-compensation will be favourable...

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Old 23rd January 2008, 03:12 PM   #4
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Primotec offer tacho options on some of their motors, but they are very expensive (£100 to £120) to buy in small quantities through the UK supplier.

I have one that I got 15 years ago, back when the motors were made by Phillips, before they sold the motor unit. I think they then traded as Impex, and later became Primotec.

There are probably other good options from different manufacturers.

See what options are available to you through your suppliers, and we can discuss further.

A tacho based circuit is more complex than the other options, and some people prefer simple constant voltage, or current sensing systems.

But you can usually find somebody who holds any opinion!
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Old 23rd January 2008, 03:19 PM   #5
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Does anyone use stepper motors for this? They seem ideally suited - but there may be audio quality issues I'm not considering.
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Old 23rd January 2008, 03:40 PM   #6
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Jeepers!! I am shocked!!

RS Components is the only supplier I can buy from without hassle and the DC motors they stock are hecktic... looks like I am better off sticking to AC Synchronous motors. Runs quiet, cheap and reliable.

What hassle will it be designing a Valhalla based PSU but with frequency adjustment? The Vahalla is fixed to produce 100 V @ 50Hz (+/- 15% adj on voltage output)

The Linn Valhalla schematic can be viewed here: http://www.vinylengine.com/download_..._schematic.pdf


@ Error: Stepper motors can be used but I suspect they will mechanically induce a whine noise into the system. There is a guy however that converted a floppy drive's motor to run at 300 rpm.
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Old 23rd January 2008, 03:53 PM   #7
hermanv is offline hermanv  United States
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Stepper motors are generally a poor choice. They move in steps even when they "seem" to be rotating smoothly. As you can image driving a turntable platter with a series of incremental movements is far from ideal.

Things can be done to minimize this problem, but they require instrumentation I'm guessing you don't have.

Like so many other things, a motor controller can be designed and built, it should not be assumed that this is a trivial task. Wow, flutter and speed stability suitable for good quality sound reproduction may not be quite as easy as you presume.

Using high speed control pulses is a good way to control a motor, but you need to be careful that those same pulses can not find their way into your cartridge. This is why many turntable manufacturers use a 60 Hz sine wave controller and then adjust the sine frequency.

Like I said it can be done, but IMHO if you can find a conversion kit for under $200 you'll probably end up money ahead.

$50 for a decent motor (no commutator)
$35 for motor power DC supply
$40 for control electronics
$40 for chassis, cables connectors

I'm sure much of this could be done for less. I also know you can spend hundreds for a really first class DC motor.

If you must, perhaps some time spent on the electric powered model airplane forums would be educational.
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Old 23rd January 2008, 04:06 PM   #8
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Read that thread and included documentation. Turntable drive and speed control is a complex subject and there is no easy solution.
Search and read Mark Kelly excellent website. He explains all the tests he did to get the performance he wanted.

2007 Maxon Motor Group Buy
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Old 23rd January 2008, 04:06 PM   #9
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Originally Posted by HermanV
If you must, perhaps some time spent on the electric powered model airplane forums would be educational.
Herman!! Thank you for awakening an idea I had a while ago whilst visiting a hobby shoppe... yes! The aeroplane DC brushless motors may be just the ticket! Controllers are available for them and they have tremendous torque - a possibility there to drive a flywheel...

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Old 23rd January 2008, 04:14 PM   #10
Bobken is offline Bobken  United Kingdom
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You may find some of the comments in this thread of some interest, and I posted some opinions (based on my experiences) on the merits of servo-circuits compared with more simple regulator circuits.

As hermanv has said, these motors/controllers are not 'trivial' when attempting to get the best sonic results with belt-drive turntables, and always bear in mind that it is what happens at the turntable which determines the overall results here, and not simply at the motor.

Post #142 in that thread indicates that a lot of theoretical arguments and opinions don't seem to count for much, but that good results are obtainable without excessive complication.

DC motor speed controller

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