Heathkit IG-18 mods - issues!...
I know this is a topic discussed over and over here and in many other places, but I seem to experience some specific issues which I am not sure how to handle.
Here's what I've done to the IG-18 (based on all of the literature I could find out there):
- PS upgraded to using LM317T
- PS caps replaced with Nichi/PW 1000uF (all other PS caps upgraded also)
- meter buffer based on 2N3904 per Dick Moore
- R12 replaced with cascode JFET CCS (PN4393/2N5486) adjusted for 3.5mA
- placed a switch on/off for the square wave in the back of the chassis
- R3 = 100k
- C5 = 100uF
- 220uF cap over the meter directly on its legs
- tried cascode JFET CCS (J202/2N5486) for R4 (adjusted for about 1.1mA), but experienced instability (the sine is pulsating); I assume some caps strategically placed would cure this, but I'm not sure how to do it
Here are some issues I've been running into (and associated thoughts):
- I just acquired my first distortion analyzer - an HP 334a - but I don't seem to be under 0.6% distortion with this after the mods... (to be noted, before any work on this the sine was pulsating like nuts which I assumed was due to issues with the PS. A check of the PS caps showed they were in surprising good shape, though). This is magnitudes over where I thought I am, obviously. The HP is either mis-calibrated (though I'm learning this is unlikely), and though I measured a signal generator app I have on my iPhone and got 0.3% distortion which sounds pretty reasonable;
- I could see the waveform cleaning up on my scope as I was doing the mods steps... (though the square wave has never been pretty). But there may be some recent degradation of the lower leg of the sine which may be giving these high distortion results... I will try to get pictures of the scope depicting this and post here;
- When I started the distortion measurements I inadvertently shorted the output of the generator (repeatedly, as "the sleep of reason produces monsters"). The output went back every time to the same AC voltage, but I am thinking that maybe I pushed the output transistor pair over their jagged edge... If yes, I was planning to get a pair of MPSA05/55 in there as replacements.
- Switching off the square wave stage degrades the sine wave noticeably (!). This is extremely strange as all sources seem to indicate this should dramatically clean it up. I suspect a thorough readjustment is needed to get the improvements in line but I am pretty thrown off by this. What gives?
- Could anyone describe in plain language how the grounding mods are supposed to be performed? I couldn't understand this from any of the articles I read. I guess a quick description of how to check whether the frequency adjustment vernier zeros out would also be nice...