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Old 27th March 2013, 08:10 AM   #1931
RNMarsh is offline RNMarsh  United States
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Default 3H gone

Still working with existing products.... the KH 4402B in this case and as with the HP 339A, some trim pots need replacing which are in the signal path. This time it is in the control feedback opamp AVC (AGC) gain control. R145 (1K) which was a ten turn. Now it is replaced with a 28 turn and better contacts or what-ever and the 3H is just about dropped into the noise. THD+N is a tick under .00004% at 1Khz at 7v rms direct out port.
If I cant drop the 2H into the noise, I only have one harmonic to apply a notch filter to it.

Thx-RNMarsh
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Last edited by RNMarsh; 27th March 2013 at 08:28 AM.
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Old 27th March 2013, 08:14 AM   #1932
1audio is offline 1audio  United States
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Samuel Groner View Post
8 bits would probably be enough to digitize a notch filter residual
Samuel
On the AP system 1 at Monster we use to test Richard's amps we have an old 8 bit Picoscope tied to the monitor out (no fft in the box) and it works great. The Picoscope also has much wider bandwidth than the internal FFT would (100 MHz) not that there is much to see past 100 KHz. I'll show him the next time he is at Monster.
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Old 27th March 2013, 08:34 AM   #1933
RNMarsh is offline RNMarsh  United States
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Hi Demian,

Your note reminded me that I did try an FFT that is an option on my TEK scope.... it is so weird to use that I gave up on it and pressed the old analog HP analyzer into service and take pictures with a TEK camera.... on old but still usable Polaroid flat pack film type 667. Boy if that isnt a flash back or what! But FFT stuff can be a pain if it isnt worked out well and I dont seem to have the patience needed. Waiting to get the QA400 back up and running. Or maybe a PICO-Scope.

I'll check in with you soon at Monsterland.

Thx-RNMarsh

Last edited by RNMarsh; 27th March 2013 at 08:39 AM.
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Old 27th March 2013, 08:54 AM   #1934
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Question i do not need a low distorsion generator.?

may this header is provocing a lot and that is what i want !

when i measure an amp ,i want to have an input signal with some distorsion,1,2,3,4,5 etc harmonics and then I like to see the same harmoniclevels in the output.
i think that when we put in zero distorsion and the output shows zero distorsion that that is something different????
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Old 27th March 2013, 01:02 PM   #1935
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Quote:
Originally Posted by RNMarsh View Post
When I switched to an osc. AGC system which didnt use a jFET for control element, the distortion dropped by 50%.


However, the THD residual is still from the osc itself.... which when changing its opamp and control opamp, the distortion is now 20dB lower! Add another zero.

Now it seems again to be limited to oscillator circuit and noise floor. The jFET controlled oscillators cannot get lower than KroneHite later models which do not use jFEt as control element.

Thx-RNMarsh
I may have missed something, but what AGC element did you switch to instead of the JFET?

Cheers,
Bob
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Old 27th March 2013, 01:07 PM   #1936
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Quote:
Originally Posted by gerhard View Post
I must say that I did not read the whole thread since I'm more
interested in noise than distortion (for non-audio reasons)
but -
If we can build a SV oscillator that nearly achieves nirvana,
we should be able to build an even better SV filter that is
not sandbagged with AGC problems.
A few frequencies should be enough??

regards, Gerhard
Good point. Indeed, it could be interesting, at least for investigative purposes, to put such a manual-tuned SV BPF after an SV oscillator and see how much distortion then results.

Cheers,
Bob
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Old 27th March 2013, 02:11 PM   #1937
gerhard is offline gerhard  Germany
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A low pass should be even more interesting than a BPF.

BPFs often deliver the difference of two large signals,
and the higher the Q, the larger the filter-internal
signals get. That is not wanted from a dynamic range pov.

A low-Q lowpass is still good for -6dB or so at 2*f per pole
and without resonances.

Gerhard
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Old 27th March 2013, 02:31 PM   #1938
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Quote:
Originally Posted by gerhard View Post
I must say that I did not read the whole thread since I'm more
interested in noise than distortion (for non-audio reasons)
but -
If we can build a SV oscillator that nearly achieves nirvana,
we should be able to build an even better SV filter that is
not sandbagged with AGC problems.
A few frequencies should be enough??

regards, Gerhard
There was a group buy on Glen's SVO, which is described here:
An Audio T.H.D. Analyser
He posted the group buy here:
Who would like an ultra-low distortion audio oscillator PCB? - Page 1

But, all the boards are gone now, as far as I know. The first link has the Gerber files if you want to make your own board.

I posted about the Glen's group buy here:
SV Oscillator PCB group buy

Mine is up and running now and seems to be great though I have not tested it yet in detail.
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Old 27th March 2013, 06:12 PM   #1939
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Quote:
Originally Posted by gerhard View Post
A low pass should be even more interesting than a BPF.

BPFs often deliver the difference of two large signals,
and the higher the Q, the larger the filter-internal
signals get. That is not wanted from a dynamic range pov.

A low-Q lowpass is still good for -6dB or so at 2*f per pole
and without resonances.

Gerhard
Not sure I agree with your observation of the BPF, at least insofar as the SV BPF. Note that the SV oscillators are effectively a BPF with a carefully-controlled Q of infinity (that's why they oscillate). The agc controls the damping of this BPF. If the agc reduces the Q a little bit to a finite value, we have a high-Q BPF, but with most of the circulating signal levels about the same if a small input signal at fo is introduced at a low enough level to take the effective pass-band gain into account. I don't think there is a subtraction of two large signals going on there.

Cheers,
Bob
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Old 27th March 2013, 06:13 PM   #1940
RNMarsh is offline RNMarsh  United States
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Default Catch-up summary -

It might be good to recap for late comers who werent following the HP339A saga of mods and upgrades -->

I had an headphone amp I wanted to measure the THD and the SYS 1 A-P FFT showed the thd was higher than I thought it really was. Turned out I was right and the A-P didnt go low enough [A SYS2 does but I dont want to spend that much money just for my curiousity].

I bought an 339A to modify to see if I could measure the THD+n from it. It uses an jFET AGC also. Davada and I got much lower levels from that exercise -both from the analyzer and the oscillator. Then we began looking at the residual with FFT from others -- like Davada had been doing with QA400 unit. That lead to more spin-offs.

I then bought a KH4400 and couldnt get its thd lower than the 339A. And, it also used a jFEt for control in AGC. Then I picked up a ShibaSoku AD725D on eBay and was able to see the individual harmonics again to very low levels. I could directly read Viktors oscillator THD (+N). So back to tuning on oscillators because I wanted more flexibility from my generator source than I could get from Viktor.

I picked up a newer KH 4402B which uses a different type of AGC (without jFET). You can see it from KH schematics from their web site.

I have modified it from what I had found did the greatest good on the other oscillator models... started with the oscillator IC itself. Now I am 20 dB better than stock.

Thats where I am now... I have the instruments to test and the sources to test extreamly high quality circuits and parts/components, now.... quickly and with accuracy.

Several spin-off have occured along the way -- new oscillator designs with new controls and add-on interfaces for ADC/FFT -- davada and demian and others have taken that role on themselves.

My thinking now is there needs to be a fundamentally new way to generate test tones..... my vision is to have a circuit that does harmonic cancellation rather than making them ever more ultra pure in the first place. Something low in harmonics to begin with but relies on a harmonic cancellation technique to derive zero harmonics at the output. Perhaps an inverted derivitive and then summing the results for cancellation. All regulated and normalized for consistant performance.

Thx-RNMarsh

Last edited by RNMarsh; 27th March 2013 at 06:31 PM.
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