New DIY Project for measuring noise : 10Hz..100kHz LNA // 1MHz RMS-DC converter - Page 6 - diyAudio
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Old 22nd February 2011, 05:25 PM   #51
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Location: Llanddewi Brefi, NJ
Quote:
Originally Posted by AndrewT View Post
would it be worth doing a group buy of the "kit" components?
Best thing to do in a case like this is to use the "Bill of Materials Tool" at one of the US Distributors -- DK probably best here as they carry Linear Tech (Mouser doesn't). Pete Millett offered a BOM via an Excel spreadsheet for the "Engineers Amplifier" -- you could just download it to Mouser's site. (Don't know if Pete is fond of Mouser, but, of course, both are in Texas!)
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Old 12th March 2011, 11:41 AM   #52
Frex is online now Frex  France
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Smile ERMSDCV2 new files.

Hello,

I've doing many work on the project and i posted some new documents:
_ A user manual to understand and doing measurements.
_ A full measurements report do with my ERMSDCV2.

These documents can be downloaded below,


Note that some bare PCB are available for sale (25€each, worldwide shipping included ). If you're interested, just send me a PM.


Frex.
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Old 14th March 2011, 08:43 PM   #53
carpin is offline carpin  Netherlands
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Thanks Frex for the extended manual and info, and i still don't have and find time to build it.
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Old 10th April 2012, 06:19 PM   #54
Frex is online now Frex  France
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Hi all,

A new batch of this PCB has been ordered to PCBcart, some PCB will be available for sale next week.
Price is 30€ the bare PCB, including worldwide shipping in priority letter.
If you are interested, PM me.
Regards.

The dedicated wiki is HERE.

Frex
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Old 13th April 2012, 04:13 AM   #55
Frex is online now Frex  France
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New batch arrived from PCBcart, some bare PCB available.
Regards.

Frex
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Old 15th August 2012, 07:44 AM   #56
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very good work i'm very interested
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Old 15th August 2012, 08:39 PM   #57
klewis is offline klewis  United States
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Frex,

I'm interested in the gain block part of your device. As I compare your schematic to AN83, I have a couple of questions;
1. why did you subsitute the AD859 (U10) for the LT1224 (A3)
2. You put an additional gain block after the LTC1562, is this important, or just to jump the voltage another 10x?

Thanks,

Ken
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Old 16th August 2012, 08:49 AM   #58
Frex is online now Frex  France
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Hello Ken,

The answers are ;
1/ The AD8597 replace the LT1028 (not LT1224) as low noise input stage,
because the it cost much less for quite similar performance. Of course you can use both
in my PCB design because it allow SOIC8 or DIP8 parts.
2/ Yes i've add a last 20dB gain block after the LTC1562 to get more sensitive output.
This stage is not very critical in term of noise and bandwidth. The advantage of OP162 is to be rail-to-rail output so get the maximum dynamic range.
I hope that help you.
Regards.

Frex
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Old 10th April 2013, 08:37 AM   #59
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Frex View Post
Hello,

As some DIYers have already seen, i love to build measurements tools.
I have build some times ago a very useful tool, based on the AN83 and AN61 from a Linear Technology.

It's a wideband DC..10MHz RMS to DC converter (AN61) and a very low noise, high-gain, 10Hz-100kHz filtered amplifier(AN83).
This two tools together (or not) are intended to be used for electronics noise maesurements.
I had build it to compare noise produced by differents voltage regulators.

For a this use, the two functions are connected one behind the other, and a DC voltmeter is connected at the output of RMS/DC converter to
display directly the noise level measurement at input of the LNA.
This two function are indépendant but located on the same enclosure.

These tools works fine.So the RMS/DC converter described in the AN61 use an obsolete part, the LT1088.
This part is hard to find, and if you find one you risk to get it at very high cost !
Another issue with this part is it's unabality to doing measurements when signal level is too low.
So, it's practical measurement range is limited to about 10 to 100% of full scale.
On the other hand, the major advantage of this circuit is to allowing measurement at frequency up to 50MHz,
with signal with crest factor very high without degrading the precision.

You can see what does look this first version below.It's a self made PCB.
[Pict1]
Click the image to open in full size.



Some weeks ago i had decided to make a new version of this tool.
I want to replace the LT1088 with a modern solution and an easy to find part, to make it more buildable.
Then i think it would be an interesting projects to many DIYers...Isn't it ?

Not many solutions exist to doing RMS-DC conversion, above at reasonable cost.
I eliminate the very known log-antilog converter (like AD736) because they are cosly, doesn't have
wide bandwidth, have big error with crest factor increase.

Nowadays, a good solution is to use a new IC from Linear Tech, the LTC1968 (again they !)
This relatively new IC use an innovative way to do RMS-DC convertion.
It allow very good bandwidth of up to 1MHz, very good precision of less than 1% and low cost.
The measurement precision stay very good with low signal level and medium crest factor.
The LTC1968 is also very easy to do work, only few parts are need to be fully fonctionnal.
The only issue is that it only exist in a very tiny SMD package (MSOP8), to require a good soldering tip.
So, unfortunatly for humans eyes it's quite often the case with modern electronics parts....



The main specifications i would ask for each functions of the new measurement tool are :

Common specifications:

* Powered by batteries (+/-6Vdc) or symetric DC supply +/-6V to +/-12V.
* Housed in low cost aluminium case Hammond 1455L1601.
* Standard Europe 100x160mm 2 layers PCB.
* No exotic parts.

1/ Low Noise Amplifier (LNA):

* High gain of 80dB (x 10 000)
* 10Hz..100kHz build-in -3dB pass-band filter.
* Equivalent input noise of about 500nVrms.
* BNC input and output.
* Overload detection.

1/ RMS to DC converter:

* DC to 1MHz measurement bandwidth
* High input impedance 1MOhms/10pF
* Ooscilloscope probe use for x10/x100 attenuation,
allowing extending measurement range.
* 1v/100mV or 1V/V sensitivity output.
* BNC output and output.
* Overload detection.
* AC or DC coupling input.


You can see below the functionnal synoptic of the new projects ERMSDCV2 with above features :
[Pict2]
Click the image to open in full size.


The LNA doesn't change in the V2, just an overload detection is added, and the possibility to use SMD or DIP parts(dual-pattern).
You can see below the resulting frequency response of the LNA, and it's own output spectrum with shorted input.
(It's not simulation results, but real measurements !)
[Pict3]
Click the image to open in full size.

[Pict4]
Click the image to open in full size.

As you see, the measured output noise level of the LNA is about 5mVrms (-47dBV), so it's about 450nVrms reffered to the input (-127dBV)!
(It's the equivalent noise generated by a 150 Ohms resistor at 300°K !)
This very low noise level in this frequency band allow to do measurements in microvolt range. Like regulators noise, amplifiers noise and more.
To achieve this specs, shielding is very important ! An very good power supply or using batteries is recommanded for measuring this level of noise.
50/60Hz line magnetic field can be an issue, so all transformers must be far to the setup measurement, if possible.


The new schematic of the ERMSDCv2 is done, you can download it HERE (pdf file).
The final design in it's hammong box will look like this ;
[Pict5]
Click the image to open in full size.


And the printed circuit boards will look like this ;
[Pict6]
Click the image to open in full size.


Actually i start to solder parts on the prototype PCB and wait to receive some missing parts.
Of course, i will post results as soon i will try it.
I hope that new projects will interest many electronics fanatic like me. ;-).

As for the "AN67 10kHz low THD oscillator" and "DIY CS5381 ADC" ,
when the project will be ok i will organize a PCB group-buy for this new design
if some DIYers are interested.
To follow soon...


Frex.
Hello Frex,

accidentally I've found your project in the www while looking for results regarding the LTC1088

This board seemed to be made with the EAGLE board-layout, right?
If yes, would you like to send over the CAD-file for board production,
because I would like to send it to a german pcb manufacturer who do the
board production in good quality at reasonable price for me, and,
how much do I have to pay you for the CAD-file?

Kind regards from Germany to France,
Michael
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Old 10th April 2013, 06:00 PM   #60
Frex is online now Frex  France
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Hello Michael,

The ERMSDCV2 has been made using PCAD software (become now Altium).
I have sold many PCB of this design to DIYaudio members, and at this time i still have a few available for sale if you want build one.
(I ask 30€ for one board including worldwide shipping and a very complete design
folder send by e-mail).
Note that the ERMSDCV2 use the LTC1968 IC for RMS conversion instead of my first version (ERMSDCV1) that use the older, expensive and very hard find LT1088.

If you want know more about the design, you can read the manual, and the
full measurements report.

Regards.

Frex


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