What does it mean by saying ±(1%+3)
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 7th March 2012, 12:15 PM #1 Sunsun22   diyAudio Member     Join Date: Jul 2004 Location: Hong Kong What does it mean by saying ±(1%+3) I wish to buy a low ohm measuring equipment. It says the accuracy is ±(1%+3). What does this mean?
 7th March 2012, 12:32 PM #2 muvideo diyAudio Member   Join Date: Mar 2012 hello, usually means +-(percent of reading + counts) in this case for example if your display indicates 200 the "true value" sits between (reading-0.01*reading-3)=200-2-3=195 and (reading +0.01*reading+3)=200+2+3=205 Fabio.
 9th March 2012, 02:53 PM #3 Sunsun22   diyAudio Member     Join Date: Jul 2004 Location: Hong Kong Meter reading Thanks. In this case, if I need the meter to read a resistor of 0.47 ohms, it may has a reading between 0.47 * 1% = 0.4747 + 3 = 3.4747 or 0.47 * -1% = 0.4653 - 3 = value below zero! Therefore, it can never give accurate reading. Is my understanding correct?
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Join Date: Nov 2011
Location: UK
You pays for what you gets.

A reasonable DMM will give yo +/- 1% plus +/- 1 digit.

The highest accuracy is usually on the DC voltage range. You can use this to your advantage by simply using a potential divider to measure your resistors. Even better a Wheatstone Bridge.
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Last edited by KatieandDad; 9th March 2012 at 03:08 PM.

 9th March 2012, 03:09 PM #5 DF96   diyAudio Member   Join Date: May 2007 3 counts (i.e. least significant digit), not 3 ohms!
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Join Date: Nov 2011
Location: UK
Quote:
 Originally Posted by Sunsun22 Thanks. In this case, if I need the meter to read a resistor of 0.47 ohms, it may has a reading between 0.47 * 1% = 0.4747 + 3 = 3.4747 or 0.47 * -1% = 0.4653 - 3 = value below zero! Therefore, it can never give accurate reading. Is my understanding correct?

I'll assume that your DMM is 3 1/2 digit model, most of them are.

Therefore if you had a 100.00% accurate 0.47 Ohm resistor your meter might display:

0.47 +/- 1% = 0.478 to 0.462 Ohms

This also depends on the firmware in the DMM, does it Round-Up or Round-Down, will it remove the leading ZERO.

 9th March 2012, 03:33 PM #7 Sunsun22   diyAudio Member     Join Date: Jul 2004 Location: Hong Kong Ah, then in my example on a meter with 2 decimal display, the 0.47 ohm will read somewhere between 0.5 to 0.44 ohm. Is this correct?
diyAudio Member

Join Date: Nov 2011
Location: UK
Quote:
 Originally Posted by Sunsun22 Ah, then in my example on a meter with 2 decimal display, the 0.47 ohm will read somewhere between 0.5 to 0.44 ohm. Is this correct?
0.47 + 1% = 0.475

Depending on whether your meters rounds this up or down could be

0.47 or 0.48 the the last digit could be up to 3 counts "OFF"

Which would give you 0.44 to 0.51

Similarly

0.47 - 1% = 0.465

Which would give you 0.43 to 0.50

So a perfectly good 1% -.47R resistor on your meter could read between

0.43 and 0.51 Ohms.

If you need better accuracy, just buy better resistors. The DMM will just serve to tell you that the resistors hasn't failed.

 9th March 2012, 04:55 PM #9 Sunsun22   diyAudio Member     Join Date: Jul 2004 Location: Hong Kong Then, if an instrument has 3 decimal display, am I correct under the same accuracy, that the 0.470 ohm will have a reading between 0.470 + 1% = 0.4747 = 0.475 + 3 = 0.478 or 0.470 - 1% = 0.4653 = 0.465 -3 = 0.462 Therefore an instrument which has 3 decimal display will have a better accuracy than that has only 2 decimal display. Am I right?
 9th March 2012, 05:02 PM #10 KatieandDad   diyAudio Member     Join Date: Nov 2011 Location: UK The more digits the better the accuracy. Professional DMMs can have 6 digits or more, the most insignificant digit is then almost irrelevant.

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