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Old 3rd February 2013, 03:00 AM   #1
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Default Wadia 21 Dead laser or servo problems?

I'm working on a dead Wadia 21 and I am betting that the laser is dead but how do I tell for sure?? I have read many post's about the Teac servo boards having problems.

Symptoms, Insert cd, sled traverses towards spindle, tries to focus 3 times then sled moves to end of travel away from spindle. disc never spins.

I used my cell phone camera to look at the lens while the laser is trying to focus and weakly i can see that the laser is in fact turning on and off.

I have verified that all supplies are working and that the proper PSU voltages are present at each IC.

The spindle motor works when an external voltage is applied. I have traced through the TEAC VRDS T1 schematic (which is very very close to the TEAC board in the 21) and no spindle signal is sent to the spindle motor controller from the Sony CXD2500 IC. But it appears to brake if you spin the disc by hand and open the tray. So I am assuming the motor control circuity is ok.

I see no RF coming out of the laser transport board. I am assuming it would only be seen if the disc was playing.

So the question is how do I determine if in fact the laser is just so dead it can't see the disc??

Zc
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Last edited by Zero Cool; 3rd February 2013 at 05:32 PM.
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Old 3rd February 2013, 04:09 PM   #2
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I have a PDF schematic but it is too big to post here at 1.6mb
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Old 3rd February 2013, 04:38 PM   #3
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Look for a low value resistor in the laser power circuit that you can measure the volts across and determine the current. Typically around 46 to say 55 milliamps but is pickup dependent.

I would expect to see RF signal of some sort if you spin the disc by hand while the laser is lit (during focus search). It may only be a "bounce" in the level but you should see something.
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Old 3rd February 2013, 05:30 PM   #4
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well unless that resistor is on the pickup block I don't see anything on the schematic!

I managed to compress the PDF a bit and it should upload here.
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File Type: pdf teac_vrds-t1_schematic sm.pdf (938.6 KB, 13 views)
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Old 3rd February 2013, 05:50 PM   #5
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I did find a schematic of the KSS-240A block IC that shows a 10 ohm resistor. and a KSS-240A service bulletin that is interesting.
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File Type: pdf sony_kss240a_service_bulletin_sm.pdf (23.7 KB, 13 views)
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Old 3rd February 2013, 06:19 PM   #6
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The KSS240 makes it difficult to access the 10 ohm with it being on the pickup

I did a thread on the KSS240 in a Sony player and all the adjustments which you perhaps have seen. There's a fair chance your pickup is faulty.

Sony CDP790 and KSS240 Restoration Project
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Old 3rd February 2013, 06:44 PM   #7
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Thanks for that link! that's some good reading! I also found a post on the web that makes me feel a little bit better in that it says that the disc won't spin unless focus is found. once focus is found then it should spin the disc up. Which ok I might believe. But I also found a posting elsewhere that mentions that the sled parking away from the spindle could mean the transport is in "lock" mode which I have no idea what that means as there is no locking mech I can see. But of all the cd players I have ever worked on I have never seen one that parks the laser sled away from the spindle. Not sure if that is normal or not??
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Old 3rd February 2013, 06:57 PM   #8
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Yes, the disc won't spin until focus is found. Its easier focusing on a stationery object. I would have though though that if you looked at the RF test point during this time and did spin the disc by hand you would see some kind of output bounce. It might "prove" that at least there is some "laser light" emitted. When laser diodes fail or are fed a lower than normal current they can still emit light but they function more as a side emitting LED rather than a laser. The laser action occurs rapidly and dramatically as current increases past a critical threshold.

All the players I've seen too (apart from unpowered swing arms) have the laser at the spindle motor. Move the sled by hand with it off and then power up and it should return to the spindle motor. You can get an odd leaf switch thats a bit dicky or even phsically broken but things like that are rare and easily spotted.
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Old 3rd February 2013, 07:02 PM   #9
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There are basically three major weak links in that vrds, the loading gears, the spindle motor and the laser. Seems the gears are fine so far(bit of a miracle). If the laser is doing as you say, then the spindle motor is not being told to start, as focus is failing, so won't know about that until focus is achieved. With extremely rare exceptions, KSS240's don't drift out of range, but are simply either good or bad, or lens is very dirty. Assuming a clean lens, your are very, very likely needing a new laser. I would say you are wasting your time looking for other faults until you try one. I'd say it is easily 95% likely that the new laser will cure it. One preventive step on the motor you should take, though, is to give it a "silicone treatment", meaning find an electrically safe silicone-based spray lubricant, then spray a small shot of it into each of the two slots in the motor that will be shown when the dress plate is removed from the top. This will dislodge & prevent carbon buildup on the commutator, and generally cure any non-working motor of this type.
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Old 3rd February 2013, 07:04 PM   #10
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I will take a look at the RF test point and spin the disc by hand and see if i can get anything from it.

I have moved the sled by hand as you suggested and it will stay at the spindle and try and focus, then moves away from the spindle once it can't find the disc. Now unless the switches are wired backwards...which it is very clear someone has been in here before...But if they were wired backwards then you would think that when you open and close the drawer, that the spindle would just sit there, but it always moves to the spindle and tried to focus.
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