Balanced AES/EBU (SPDIF) input circuit (to DIR9001) - Page 2 - diyAudio
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Old 23rd May 2010, 06:10 PM   #11
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The DIR9001 won't know the difference.
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Old 23rd May 2010, 06:29 PM   #12
novec is offline novec  Norway
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The DIR9001 accepts both S/PDIF and AES/EBU, so AFAIK the only thing I need is level matching. I imagine it would be a pretty simple thing for an experienced electronics dude to cook up, but I'm not one of them...

The cables will go straight from the soundcard to the DIR9001 without any connectors, so off-the-shelf solutions won't do much good.
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Old 23rd May 2010, 07:42 PM   #13
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Your Lynx manual says it outputs AES3 on the XLRs. Terminate it into a 110 ohm resistor, couple one end to ground through a .01 cap and couple the other end through another .01 cap to the input pin. Somewhere one line has to terminate into ground. The signal is differentially balanced and the DIR is not. A pulse trafo termination is still the best way though.
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Old 23rd May 2010, 08:45 PM   #14
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At the risk of sounding like a broken record, i'd look at the Crystal receiver data sheet. The problem with that data sheet is that the receiver portion assumes a single input into the 8416 input MUX. When you have multiple inputs, chances are that you can't use a transformer for each as the data sheet shows. For example I've got both TOSLink and SPDIF going into the receiver chip. So this chip is also effectively single ended because I can't take the receiver negative only for the SPDIF input.

My solution was to capacitively couple all inputs and the return to ground. That works as the Crystal datasheet says for the TOSLink input, but that can't work for a transformer in the SPDIF line. If I wanted a direct connection with the SPDIF, I'd drop a 75ohm resistor to ground, and couple to the chip through a 0.01uf cap and I'd be done. But I wanted to use an input transformer so I did something like this. The transformer primary is floating on both sides and goes to the BNC connector (you would use an XLR). One leg of the secondary is attached to digital ground and the other leg goes to the receiver chip through a 0.01uF cap and also to ground through a 75ohm resistor. I have the benefit of isolation and also input switching with this scheme. I'm not sure if it's ideal, but it has been working well for me.

here's a schematic from anther thread that shows what I did, and how when using the 8416 input MUX, that the input is really also single ended.

Click the image to open in full size.


Maybe I'm missing something, but I do't see why that wouldn't work for the DIR9001, which is also single ended.
Sheldon

Last edited by stokessd; 23rd May 2010 at 08:49 PM.
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Old 23rd May 2010, 09:16 PM   #15
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Originally Posted by Bill Fuss View Post
The DIR9001 won't know the difference.
No, it probably won't. Not after it has been hit by the 7Vpp from the AES16.
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Old 23rd May 2010, 09:28 PM   #16
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The DIR9001 accepts both S/PDIF and AES/EBU, so AFAIK the only thing I need is level matching.
Since you are going to have to pad the voltage to SPDIF/TTL levels, you might as well use a tx coupled balanced input chip, a setup that likely mirrors the inputs to the AES16.
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Old 23rd May 2010, 10:01 PM   #17
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Is there any reason I can't just terminate negative to ground with a 56 Ohm resistor and put a pad on the positive? I'm not entirely sure why, but I'd prefer to avoid the transformer, unless that's the only passive way to do it. And any kind of chip requires yet another power supply, making it more complicated again. The life of a DIY-er is never easy ;-)

If transformer is the best/only option, do you have any relatively affordable suggestions? Preferrably in the Newark/Farnell inventory.
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Old 24th May 2010, 02:09 AM   #18
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Properly terminated into 110 ohms you will have a 3.5VP-P signal at the input if the AES16 output is 7VP-P. You don't need a pad, the termination pads it 6db.

Again, use a 110 ohm resistor across the lines and couple the lines to the input pin and ground with .01 caps. It's simple
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Old 24th May 2010, 04:25 AM   #19
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Is there any reason I can't just terminate negative to ground with a 56 Ohm resistor and put a pad on the positive? I'm not entirely sure why, but I'd prefer to avoid the transformer, unless that's the only passive way to do it. And any kind of chip requires yet another power supply, making it more complicated again. The life of a DIY-er is never easy ;-)

If transformer is the best/only option, do you have any relatively affordable suggestions? Preferrably in the Newark/Farnell inventory.
Will 4 resistors do? Fig 1.
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Old 24th May 2010, 12:15 PM   #20
novec is offline novec  Norway
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Guess what I just found? My brain! I had left it in the fridge for safe keeping friday night, but it's refreshed and ready for action now ;-)

Thanks!
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