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Old 5th January 2011, 03:56 PM   #2881
AndrewT is offline AndrewT  Scotland
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Quote:
Originally Posted by AndrewT View Post
feed the same digital stereo signal to both DCX2496.
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Originally Posted by linsheng8 View Post
Each has only one digital input port....................... how allocated to the two DCX2496?
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Old 6th January 2011, 01:14 PM   #2882
sek is offline sek  Germany
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Default Analog Input Stage

Hi,

I'm joining in pretty late, but only now do I get around to modifying my DCX. I'm currently using the thing as a three-way crossover since a couple of years. The more I improve my other projects, the more my DCX gets on my nerves. Noise, gain issues, lack of quality volume control, etc.

I've sorted through this thread, the commercial projects, some alternative approaches ... and have come to a conclusion: I'd like to do my own set of mods to the Behringer DCX2496.

My first steps (in this order):
- Fully symmetric active input and output stages,
- Completely linear power supply,
- Improved digital input stage incl. AES/EBU, S/P-DIF, USB and AirPlay.

I'm about to remove my I/O-Board, but like to get some advice before I throw any time and money at building the new one.

Here's the first approach (see attached schematic, power supply decoupling ommitted):

High impedance input with some RF rolloff. DC coupled signal path. Instrumentation amp style jfet-input (OPA2134/LME49720) buffer and gain stage (as seen i.e. from Shine7). Fully differential opamp (OPA1632/THS4130) with second order LPF (according to recommendations from both TI, p. 7 and AKM, p. 16). Class A biasing by pulling both differential outputs down (as seen in ARDA Technologies AN-AT1201-1, p. 5f).

Actual gain and frequency response haven't been decided yet, so actual passive component values are only a suggestion.

What I'm interrested in is this:
- Is there any demand for a new dedicated thread? I don't want to ruin this one.
- Is there anything fundamentally wrong with my approach so far? Any detailed recommendations are welcome!
- Do I really need the instrumentation amp buffers (dashed box area)? Can't I do with the fully differential amp alone, ignoring it's slightly higher input bias and impedance limitations?
- Do I perhaps need some more input spike and emi protection?

I know much of this has been done before, but not the way I'd like to implement it (i.e. different enclosure, entirely disposing off the front panel).

Thanks,
Sebastian.
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Last edited by sek; 6th January 2011 at 01:42 PM.
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Old 6th January 2011, 02:42 PM   #2883
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for grins, this is what I'm going to be using for my volume control on the dcx:

the hat-trick volume control ;)

its my own design (along with AMB labs) and uses an LCDuino (lcd+arduino) for control and 3 relay boards (delta1) as the analog attenuators. its working even though its a bit proto-ish in looks (lol).
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Old 6th January 2011, 05:20 PM   #2884
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Sebastian, the input circuit you have attached is very similar to what I'm building for my 3 DCX, but single ended in.
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Old 6th January 2011, 05:29 PM   #2885
AR2 is offline AR2  United States
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Quote:
Originally Posted by sek View Post
Hi,

I'm joining in pretty late, but only now do I get around to modifying my DCX. I'm currently using the thing as a three-way crossover since a couple of years. The more I improve my other projects, the more my DCX gets on my nerves. Noise, gain issues, lack of quality volume control, etc.

I've sorted through this thread, the commercial projects, some alternative approaches ... and have come to a conclusion: I'd like to do my own set of mods to the Behringer DCX2496.

My first steps (in this order):
- Fully symmetric active input and output stages,
- Completely linear power supply,
- Improved digital input stage incl. AES/EBU, S/P-DIF, USB and AirPlay.

I'm about to remove my I/O-Board, but like to get some advice before I throw any time and money at building the new one.

Here's the first approach (see attached schematic, power supply decoupling ommitted):

High impedance input with some RF rolloff. DC coupled signal path. Instrumentation amp style jfet-input (OPA2134/LME49720) buffer and gain stage (as seen i.e. from Shine7). Fully differential opamp (OPA1632/THS4130) with second order LPF (according to recommendations from both TI, p. 7 and AKM, p. 16). Class A biasing by pulling both differential outputs down (as seen in ARDA Technologies AN-AT1201-1, p. 5f).

Actual gain and frequency response haven't been decided yet, so actual passive component values are only a suggestion.

What I'm interrested in is this:
- Is there any demand for a new dedicated thread? I don't want to ruin this one.
- Is there anything fundamentally wrong with my approach so far? Any detailed recommendations are welcome!
- Do I really need the instrumentation amp buffers (dashed box area)? Can't I do with the fully differential amp alone, ignoring it's slightly higher input bias and impedance limitations?
- Do I perhaps need some more input spike and emi protection?

I know much of this has been done before, but not the way I'd like to implement it (i.e. different enclosure, entirely disposing off the front panel).

Thanks,
Sebastian.

Sek,
Welcome to a madness club.
Your plans are great. I am very interested to see what are you planning to do on the digital side. Analog - I would be much more excited to see discrete circuitry.

Good luck and keep us posted.
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Old 6th January 2011, 05:38 PM   #2886
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sek,

Maybe a dumb question, but how do you find the input section does not need the same class A bias pulldowns as the output section? 49720 is not clas AB output?
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Old 6th January 2011, 10:47 PM   #2887
sek is offline sek  Germany
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Originally Posted by Brett View Post
Sebastian, the input circuit you have attached is very similar to what I'm building for my 3 DCX, but single ended in.
Single ended in is probably more useful for most DCX home users, but I prefer balanced all the way.

This might not have been obvious, as I didn't explain myself yet, but I have a multitude of reasons to prefer them. I like the immunity against noise, hum, RFI, etc. I also like the looks and haptics of sturdier connectors and cables. And let's not forget the fact that - just by using regular balanced interconnects and chassis connectors and by making some appropriate circuit topology decisions - audiophile sound quality can be had with off the shelf professional components that don't cost an arm and a leg.

And then there is the trivial explanation for my choice in this project: both the ADCs and the DACs deal with fully balanced voltage signals already. What's the point in not leveraging upon this fact...

Of course any balanced input can be hooked up in an unbalanced mode by grounding one of the two inputs. Gain would have to be accounted for, though. I'm looking forward to seeing Your approach.

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Originally Posted by AR2 View Post
Your plans are great. I am very interested to see what are you planning to do on the digital side. Analog - I would be much more excited to see discrete circuitry.

Good luck and keep us posted.
Thanks.

As for the digital side, everything seems to be said and done I guess - at least all the basics are covered. Anything feasible from my side would probably build upon other DIYer's good experience with CS8416 and AD1896 as well as a good low jitter clock.

But my plan is to do a versatile application of the proven scheme. Like giving the possibility to tap an Airport Express (TOSLINK is a given, DOUT would have to be routed in) or one of the newish 24bit/192kHz USB adapters. This would then allow for a common controller to do the input selection, wether it be one of the digital or one of the analog inputs...

I'm in favor of integrated components and prefer to incorporate the lowest possible amount of ICs with the highest respective quality. LME49720 and OPA1632 come pretty close, considering it's just two SO8 ICs per channel. As I won't get tired of mentioning, I'm even looking for a real necessity to keep the LME49720 anyway.

I'd love to be able to do all this with discrete components in a comparable quality (specs and sound wise) anytime in my life. But it won't be anytime soon.

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Originally Posted by Andrew Eckhardt View Post
Maybe a dumb question, but how do you find the input section does not need the same class A bias pulldowns as the output section? 49720 is not clas AB output?
That question's not dumb at all! And the 49720 is class A/B indeed.

It's just that I actually want to get rid of the input buffers anyway, and thus haven't given them much thought so far.

Other than that lame excuse, I can imagine swapping opamps eventually. As not all opamps can be biased the same way, this would possibly put some limitation on compatible amp choice.

But once I have decided (to either get rid of the in-amp config, or not) I will certainly wrap my mind around the common biasing schemes. CCS and CRDs instead of resistors come to mind, keeping linearity and noise immunity (PSRR) in mind.

Cheers,
Sebastian.
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Old 6th January 2011, 11:31 PM   #2888
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Originally Posted by sek View Post
Single ended in is probably more useful for most DCX home users, but I prefer balanced all the way.

And then there is the trivial explanation for my choice in this project: both the ADCs and the DACs deal with fully balanced voltage signals already. What's the point in not leveraging upon this fact...

Of course any balanced input can be hooked up in an unbalanced mode by grounding one of the two inputs. Gain would have to be accounted for, though. I'm looking forward to seeing Your approach.
I would prefer balanced too, but almost all of my sources are SE so I don't see the need to do any more than I am and I might as well get the balancing done in the 1632 or 4562. It appears the most straight forward approach for the results I'm after. These DCX are for the surrounds and subs in my 2CH/HT combined system so this is overkill anyway (I'm shortly to order a DEQX for the mains). It just allows me to set the systems levels more easily and as I'm changing the output stages anyway it just made sense to do this and a linear PSU for them all.

The source selector for these units will sit just behind them in the rack, so maybe 100mm of lead length from input sockets to DCX I/P circuitry. From the volume controls on the outputs to the amps will still only be a metre or two so no need for anything additional here either. All are >10k loads. Almost every poweramp is SE I/P internally anyway and the unbalancing needs to take place somewhere, adding extra circuitry to drive short cables makes no sense to me.

I still draw up my designs in notebooks (paper ones) so I won't be posting anything.
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Old 6th January 2011, 11:52 PM   #2889
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Off Hand what is the best way to hook a S/PDIF coax to the DXC? Transformer? Andy
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Old 7th January 2011, 12:23 AM   #2890
Pano is offline Pano  United States
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The DCX has a transformer at the input. You can add a BNC or RCA connector at the back and bypass the input relay and/or the transformer if you want.
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