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copper oxidation with air insulation
copper oxidation with air insulation
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Old 20th March 2017, 04:52 PM   #1
jonsson is offline jonsson
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Default copper oxidation with air insulation

Hi, i wonder how copper will oxidate with only air as insulation, for example with only cotton or a teflon tube?
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Old 20th March 2017, 05:23 PM   #2
JonSnell Electronic is offline JonSnell Electronic  United Kingdom
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Back in the days of wooden conduit for single wire house wiring, (pre 1950 in the UK), the wire was insulated with cloth but was always tinned.
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Old 20th March 2017, 05:50 PM   #3
rayma is offline rayma  United States
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Quote:
Originally Posted by jonsson View Post
Hi, i wonder how copper will oxidate with only air as insulation, for example
with only cotton or a teflon tube?
Definitely, copper wire must be tinned during manufacture to prevent oxidation
from the oxygen in the air.

Last edited by rayma; 20th March 2017 at 05:58 PM.
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Old 21st March 2017, 02:07 AM   #4
PRR is offline PRR  United States
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House wire (US) is never tinned(*). It oxidizes when hot-drawn so they run it through a "reducing furnace" where excess carbon eats-off the oxide and makes it pretty. In the house, over the years, it oxidizes, sure. In dry work it does not grow green-scuzz. The usual house-wire connectors use large pressure to break-through the oxide and this is rarely a problem(**). For soldering, old wire must be scrubbed or scraped to break the oxide so flux and solder will bond.

(*) Except under old rubber insulation, where the sulfides would quickly darken and eventually eat the copper.

(**) Unlike aluminum wire, where the tough insulating oxide resists ordinary pressure connectors and leads to trouble; little trouble in large gauges on proper connectors professionally cleaned and treated against oxidation.
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Old 21st March 2017, 12:09 PM   #5
DF96 is offline DF96  England
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Old copper in dry conditions just goes a dull brown colour on the surface. No harm done by this. So yes copper will oxidise, but no it doesn't matter.
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