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Class D Switching Power Amplifiers and Power D/A conversion

Plugging subs directly into 120V
Plugging subs directly into 120V
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Old 5th October 2008, 12:07 AM   #1
Inductor128 is offline Inductor128  United States
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Default Plugging subs directly into 120V

Hello everybody. I've been reading this forum whenever it came up in a Google search, and it seems to always have the most knowledgeable members.

I am planning to build a class D amp for a sub I am building, and I want it to be as cheap and powerful as possible. Therefore, I am planning on foregoing the power transformer and simply rectifying the wall voltage and using 120V for the supply rails. I will have a lower voltage power supply of course to power the IR IC's.

I haven't tried doing a class D project before so I will probably be on here a lot as my design progresses.

I recently ordered four Power Acoustik 10" 800 watt RMS subs from amazon.com:
I think they are an incredible deal, especially due to the low shipping ($9) but it worked, they did ship them for that price. The resonant frequency of the speaker is a little high, but when $160 gets you 3200 watts RMS of speakers shipped to your door, I can't complain. Oddly, they say they have been on amazon.com for several years, but I can't find reviews of this speaker anywhere on the internet.

I figure if I make an amp that runs on 120V, I should have speakers I can plug directly into the wall. There are a few YouTube videos of people doing that, but they are deliberately trying to blow their speakers. I figure, however, that if I wire up these speakers as an 8 ohm total load, 120V RMS should put out 1800W RMS. These speakers can handle 3200W RMS total, and therefore should take it no problem.

I kind of feel like there will be more voltage there though. With a full bridge layout, does the speaker just see a max of the supply voltage in alternating current form, or is it twice the max? A full bridge is constantly reversing the supply rails to the speaker. If I use a 120V supply rail, can the speaker potentially see 240V RMS? I guess I don't really understand how a half bridge works; to me it seems like kind of a stupid idea.

So my questions are: Did I do my calculations correct? Can you apply Ohm's Law to alternating current like that, or is it an integration problem? Also, is designing a Class D amplifier with no power transformer a retarded idea, or an awesome idea? And, with a full bridge layout, is the speaker really seeing 120V RMS, or 240V?

Thanks for your help.

Old 5th October 2008, 02:02 AM   #2
theAnonymous1 is offline theAnonymous1  United States
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Default Re: Plugging subs directly into 120V

Originally posted by Inductor128
I am planning on foregoing the power transformer and simply rectifying the wall voltage and using 120V for the supply rails.
This is potentially lethal and a "forbidden" subject on this forum. This thread will probably be closed.
Old 5th October 2008, 02:24 AM   #3
DigitalJunkie is offline DigitalJunkie  United States
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From one Portlander to another, DON'T!

Atleast use an isolation transformer to isolate you from the mains wiring. What you propose is *very* dangerous.
Old 5th October 2008, 04:24 AM   #4
Pano is offline Pano  United States
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Plugging subs directly into 120V
I've done this with tube amps (220V mains). NOT A GOOD IDEA.

All I killed was my CD player, but it could have been me or my kid. Stay away.
Take the Speaker Voltage Test!
Old 5th October 2008, 05:00 AM   #5
lumanauw is offline lumanauw  Indonesia
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Hi, Inductor128,

This is a very dangerous and lethal practice. Please don't even try it.

This thread will be closed now.

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