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Old 22nd September 2009, 03:19 AM   #921
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Joe,
I also have a pair of very nice Nichicon Muse 2200uF/50V caps. Do you see any real problems in subbing these for the 1000uF caps you used on the chip?
Jeff
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Old 25th August 2010, 06:39 PM   #922
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Old 6th February 2011, 09:23 PM   #923
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I've built LM4780 + tube buffer using Joe's design.
I used p2p construction for chip, so it is very chaotic. 6n1p-vi tube is powered with 130V, 47K cathode resistor. Heaters do run from about 6V unregulated DC supply, grounded to signal ground via 0.1uF capacitor. Pin 9 is grounded too, but in my tests it wasnt audible if it is grounded or is not. As this was my first project with tubes involved, I am experiencing some problems.

1) some noise, audible only when I put my ear to speakers. At beginning it was loud, because I had directly grounded heater. Maybe some grounding issues, as my p2p construction aint too good. Maybe I have missed something. Tube PSU use CRC filter, which is 47uF, 160 ohm, 560uf, bypassed with 0.22uf. Chipamp's PSU consists of E type trafo, 2X21VAC, one bridge rectifier, 4 x 470uf caps + 1 x 1000uF cap, + 3 x 680uF, and 680uF + 0,1uF per rail directly on chip's legs.

Is it worth to change bridge rectifier to ultrafast diodes, or it wont make any changes in sound?

2)I dont use potentiometer, so I am using resistor to prevent input from floating. It only works if I use ~20k or less, is that ok?


And I have heard that mostly people use delay for amp, so tube can warm up, otherwise there can be heard some noises and etc. For 6n1p-vi there's no sound for ~10 seconds and then it appears, without any noises.

And one more thing: it is picking up noise from my usb-modem. I havent isolated LM4780 from chip. If I take a piece of foil, and shield the chip, beeping gets more silent.

Last edited by Ar4; 6th February 2011 at 09:27 PM.
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Old 7th February 2011, 12:23 AM   #924
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Ultrafast diodes will yield no improvements. Your filtering seems a bit on the low side, and i wouldn't use paralleled capacitors, just a pair of beefy ones bypassed with 100nF. That is unless your layout demands it, or if you just had those lying around it's okay.

You can use as low a resistor as 10k. Even lower if your sources are designed to drive headphones (like computer, mp3 player, ipod).

If you're picking up noise, you probably have created a ground loop. Make a proper PCB and it should go away.
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Old 7th February 2011, 03:05 PM   #925
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Is Vishay sprague 10uF film capacitor good enough for input? And should I parallel it with 0.33uF WIMA cap?
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Old 8th February 2011, 10:55 PM   #926
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Ar4 View Post
I've built LM4780 + tube buffer using Joe's design...
First tube project, excellent. That was always my intension that this should appeal to those who were comfortable with SS could now also find a project that made a good intro to tube diy.

Now for a couple of things, you say the filaments are unregulated. That could certainly lead to 100-120 Hertz of hum, but also unregulated you get the saw tooth ripple with a lot of harmonics and that makes hum sound dirty and this can radiate into the electrodes of the 6N1P. So I'd check that out. The 6N1P needs about twice the filament current, going from memory, to 6DJ8/6922 tube, so accomodate that.

Yes, a reasonable delay is important, mostly for the rude noises it makes and also, unlikely, damage to speakers?

Grounding is very important and is easy to get wrong. It needs to be analysed and fixed if it is a cause of the problem. Take a look at this page and see if there are things that may be helpful:

Power Supply & Wiring

20K on the input should be fine.

I think you will need a fair bit more than 47uF/160R/560uF - if I understand that right - mainly boost the 47uF and I suggest a lot more than that - try and see if that helps. In fact 560uF/160R/47uF may well work better. The 160R could also be higher value.

I'll leave it there as that should give some things to work with. Re faster diodes etc, get it running properly first and then try that sort of thing later by all means.

Cheers, Joe R.
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Old 9th February 2011, 04:52 AM   #927
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Hello Joe.
Thanks for your input.
I guess these are not power supply problems, the noise is audible even when I disconnect mains plug for trafos, so it runs on energy stored in capacitors. You are right about filament current, it is 600mA. It is very sensitive, if I close up my hand to input wires/caps it starts to hum. I guess I will try shielding.
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Old 9th April 2011, 12:15 PM   #928
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AR4,
Would you like to compare your amp with another scheme where you use the same tube input and use a CFP source follower using a mix of MOSFET and bipolar ? This will run off an 18 V supply and has ( yech!.....) capacitor coupling for the phones. In spite of the cap it does sound good.
I can spare you one pcb as soon as they are ready.
Let me know if you would like one pcb to try it out .
Cheers.

EDIT: OK I'm on a wrong thread. I was searching for hybrid headphones amps. This one is for power amps for speakers and I didn't notice that.
Neverthless the offer still stands !
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Last edited by ashok; 9th April 2011 at 12:18 PM.
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Old 10th April 2011, 04:16 PM   #929
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Sorry for being slightly OT. But here are some pictures wrt my post.
Attached Images
File Type: jpg MOSFET section-1.jpg (71.0 KB, 306 views)
File Type: jpg Tube section-1.jpg (91.6 KB, 308 views)
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Old 5th May 2011, 05:38 PM   #930
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Hope this isn't OffTopic but I have a simple question. Before my PC crashed I had saved a link to a site showing a ChipAmp in a STC-design = SuperTriode Connection (*), where a triode is hooked up as a feedback element for the solid state amplifier. The info (and schematic) is lost, but has anyone seen a design resembling what I have described?


(*) http://www2u.biglobe.ne.jp/~hu_amp/amput3e.htm
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