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Old 13th August 2007, 02:54 AM   #1
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Default First PCB Design. Any Errors?

Well I just finished my first PCB design of a small 1W stereo amplifier. I really didnt have much of an idea of what I was doing, and it would be stupid to order boards that didnt work, so I was wondering if anyone could inform me of any errors, (Im sure there will be plenty) or tips to make my board better. The original schematic is on this page. My PCB picture will be attached. Please take a look. Thanks.
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Old 13th August 2007, 03:13 AM   #2
BWRX is offline BWRX  United States
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Hi Bubba. All of the grounds must be electrically connected. Your schematic shows three little "islands" of copper which are ground and those three need to be electrically connected.
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Old 13th August 2007, 03:24 AM   #3
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Thanks, I was very unsure about that. Did you see any other problems?
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Old 13th August 2007, 06:07 AM   #4
BWRX is offline BWRX  United States
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Actually, the input signal ground and the chip's ground need to be connected to all the other grounds too.

Other suggestions would include using thicker traces, using 45 degree bends instead of 90 degree bends, and tidying up the traces. It looks like you've made a double sided board but you can do this using a single sided board if it will cost less.
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Old 13th August 2007, 06:58 PM   #5
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Does a double sided board mean that parts are mounted on both sides, or that there are two layers of copper? What's better about thicker traces, and 45 degree bends? Thanks.
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Old 13th August 2007, 07:12 PM   #6
BWRX is offline BWRX  United States
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A double sided board is a board with copper on both sides. Traces run on both layers and parts may be on one or both sides of the board.

Thicker traces have lower resistance and can carry higher current. For your specific application thick traces are not needed but it would not hurt to make them thicker.

45 degree bends in traces have a better chance of being etched properly than 90 degree bends do. Board houses have improved in this area but it is still generally better to use bends that are 45 degrees or less where possible, especially if you plan on etching your own boards.
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