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If I put my notes here, I might be able to find them again later!
Old

The (Zener) Z-Reg Voltage Regulator

Posted 19th December 2016 at 12:55 PM by rjm (RJM Audio Blog)
Updated 7th March 2017 at 07:11 AM by rjm (BOM 11b2 uploaded)

Companion regulator to the S-Reg. Same board dimensions and connection layout. For line level audio.

Same idea as before rectified 2x12 VAC input, +/- 11 V output. 50 mA max output current unless the transistors are heatsinked.

There is a small amount of over-current protection afforded by R3,4 but do not short the output for all but the shortest of transients.

Eagle/Gerber files attached, so you can go get this made yourself, optinally with whatever modifications you need.

I've use this regulator circuit in my Sapphire headphone amplifier. It's a simple and modest circuit but I feel it works really well in practice as long as the audio circuitry it powers has reasonable PSRR. No feedback means no out-of-band noise or instability, even as the output impedance remains low.
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File Type: zip Z-reg-11b.zip (51.1 KB, 48 views)
File Type: zip Z-reg-11b1-Eagle.zip (63.8 KB, 43 views)
File Type: zip pcb-zreg-11b2-bom.zip (70.3 KB, 21 views)
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Old

The (Shunt-Source) S-Reg Voltage Regulator

Posted 19th December 2016 at 11:09 AM by rjm (RJM Audio Blog)
Updated 4th May 2017 at 12:39 AM by rjm (added BOM)

S-reg voltage shunt-source regulator for line-level audio circuits.

This is designed to accept rectified 12x2 VAC input, producing +/-12 V output split rails.

Features soft-start and over-current protection, standard configurations for load currents up to 50 mA. High performance: 80 dB ripple rejection up to 100 kHz.

update: BOM uploaded
update: web page (stub)
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File Type: asc sreg10e.asc (5.0 KB, 121 views)
File Type: zip pcb-sreg-10f5-bom.zip (88.2 KB, 10 views)
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Old

RJM Audio in 2017 [modular simplicity]

Posted 19th December 2016 at 12:11 AM by rjm (RJM Audio Blog)
Updated 27th December 2016 at 11:50 PM by rjm

The time of year where I like to draw up some plans for the next 12 months.

This year’s output looked something as follows,

At the end of all this I find myself sitting on four different voltage regulator circuits, several variants of the transistor output diamond buffer, five phono stages variants, and a couple of nebulous ideas about developing a discrete voltage gain amplifier.

I'm considering how to package this all up in such a way as to best appeal to diyaudio builders of widely varying application needs and skill levels while keeping a simple...
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Old

CFA audio gainblock - a second take

Posted 16th December 2016 at 01:21 AM by rjm (RJM Audio Blog)
Updated 16th December 2016 at 01:28 AM by rjm

This is either an ingenious interfacing of the output buffer and current feedback amplifier by adding second arm to the central current mirrors ... or it's another really bad idea(tm).

It simulates nicely though.

[What's happening here is current output of collector Q9 is no longer being asked to bias and drive the buffer Q16. Instead Q2 and Q17 do that job. The change lowers distortion, improves bandwidth, and even raises the PSRR a little.]
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Old

A slightly different kind of voltage amplifier

Posted 12th December 2016 at 10:44 AM by rjm (RJM Audio Blog)
Updated 21st December 2016 at 04:50 AM by rjm

(which is a current feedback amplifier)

Lately I have been looking again for a discrete transistor voltage gain amplifier for line level duty that isn't just another op amp.

I keep coming back to variations on this circuit. It's a diamond buffer input with current mirrors in the mid-section strapped around a voltage divider / feedback loop that provides the gain. This backs out into either another diamond buffer or, in the revised version below, a standard Sziklai output stage which can be more easily scaled up as needed for a headphone amp for example.

An offset bias adjust circuit could be added to trim the output offset voltage. Or use a coupling cap. It's a few hundred mV otherwise.

Circuit gain is R4/R6, approximately. The total value of R4+R6 should be kept about 20 kohms. C1 is a compensation capacitor. Circuit gain as shown is 14 dB, -3 dB at 250 kHz.

As with all CFA, the choice of the feedback resistance...
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Old

RJM Audio desktop wallpaper

Posted 2nd December 2016 at 06:45 AM by rjm (RJM Audio Blog)

16:9 4K

rendered from VSPSX phono stage Eagle .brd output
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Old

RJM Audio discrete op amp (circuit schematic)

Posted 8th August 2016 at 02:06 AM by rjm (RJM Audio Blog)
Updated 22nd November 2016 at 10:29 PM by rjm

This is my first op amp design which doesn't completely suck.

Now, it's a terrible op amp... don't misunderstand... (Nat Semi will not be making me any offers)... but it does perform the job I want it to do reasonably well: remain stable while providing 6-20 dB of line-level voltage amplification with low distortion, decent PSRR, and sufficient bandwidth.

The main limitation is the distortion at high frequencies rises to -70 dB. The circuit needs less open loop distortion, or more open loop gain above 10 kHz, or both.

You will note the circuit has no current sources. This is intentional. I wanted to see how far it was possible to get without them. Obviously headroom takes a big hit, but distortion and PSRR ended up better than I imagined.

This is a simulation. No guarantee it will work, and there are no safeties (current limiters, input voltage clamps, etc) shown.

PS. Frequency response in image is open loop, while...
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Old

Sapphire Line Preamplifier - My Build Notes

Posted 28th July 2016 at 03:15 AM by rjm (RJM Audio Blog)
Updated 4th December 2016 at 10:55 PM by rjm (add measurement data)

Introduction

This is my build log for relatively basic line preamplifier based on rev. 30f boards of the Sapphire3 headphone amplifier. I modified the circuit to run at lower currents (about 10 mA output bias) and adjusted the gain settings to 10/16 dB.

It is built in a Hammond 1550 cast auminum chassis, with an external Plitron 160VA 2x12VAC rectified power supply. The volume control is a 50k Goldpoint V24 stepped attenuator, while the RCA jacks are rhodium plated from Oyaide. The feature set is limited to two switchable line inputs and an output mute.

Chassis Layout Notes

Audio components are conventionally designed as rack-mounted equipment with all controls on the front panel and all connectors on the rear panel. To try and keep internal cabling to a minimum I'm modelling my preamp more like a recording console with both the controls and I/O on the top plate.

Build Notes

All components mounted...
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Attached Files
File Type: zip Sapphire Line 30f vol -10dB RMAA report.zip (32.3 KB, 92 views)
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Old

Just the buffer, ma'am.

Posted 28th July 2016 at 02:05 AM by rjm (RJM Audio Blog)
Updated 8th April 2017 at 05:37 AM by rjm (added BOM)

I've had quite a few requests for the bboard buffer circuit without the built-in regulators, so here is a bboard 2.1 standalone 2-layer board, measuring 5x8 cm. Gerber files attached in zip file.

It is designed for +/-12 V rails, but the circuit will work with anything from +/-5 V to +/-18 V. A regulated power supply is recommended.

This is a line buffer. It intended to drive cables, not headphones.

Available for $15/pair shipped. Several people have asked me about kits. I figured the BOM was so basic it wouldn't be necessary but I can send you the boards with the parts to populate them for $50/shipped. You will still need to provide the power supply.

BOM attached. (updated to 21f4)
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File Type: zip pcb-bb-21f4-bom.zip (92.5 KB, 5 views)
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Old

Sapphire Line Preamplifier

Posted 24th July 2016 at 01:11 AM by rjm (RJM Audio Blog)
Updated 26th July 2016 at 11:45 PM by rjm

Although the original Sapphire headphone amp can be configured as a line stage, or use as-is as a line stage, I've gone ahead and made a new circuit variant with a new set of boards.

The Sapphire Line (in development) combines the shunt-series regulator, bboard 2.0 buffer and an op amp voltage gain stage. Same basic idea as the Sapphire of course, but with a much less beefy output stage so the low noise regulator can be added and everything still fits on the board.

rev 10e - now with support for 2520 op amp modules
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