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Supercapacitor b*ll*cks

Posted 16th February 2015 at 12:50 AM by abraxalito
Updated 6th September 2015 at 06:28 AM by abraxalito (Red Wine it isn't, just the same designer)

Here's something very misleading in the 6moons preview of Vinni Rossi's (of Red Wine Audio fame) latest supercapacitor powered kit. They have 18 * 350F supercaps in the box and they say '...the total rating becomes a whopping 6300F'. However each capacitor is only 2.7V so presumably to get any audio signal at all out, they need to operate these caps in series. Caps in series don't multiply, they divide so the total capacitance drops by a factor of 18. Hence only 19.4F. Not a small difference from 6300F or did I miss something?

http://www.6moons.com/audioreviews2/vinnierossi/3.html (the text at this link has since been updated to remove the 'total rating...whopping' remark).

I think I may have missed something - they aren't using all the supercaps all the time, rather there are 9 discharging and 9 charging. So the total capacitance in the audio circuit at any time is 350/9 = 39F. Still an impressive amount of capacitance but the problem is that the ESRs add too....
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Old

Gustard H10 Headphone Amplifier

Posted 14th February 2015 at 12:47 PM by rjm
Updated 12th April 2015 at 03:59 AM by rjm

Technical Specifications:

Signal Input : 2x XLR female , balance
2x RCA, unbalanced
Maximum input level : +21 dBu, impedance 10kΩ
Input impedance : XLR: 10kΩ, RCA: 68kΩ
Input Sensitivity : +6 dBu
Main amplifier gain : +8 dB
Main amplifier gain adjustment range : -4 / +2 / +8 / +14 / +20 dB
Frequency response : 0-55kHz (-0.5dB)
Damping Factor :> 400 @ 50Ω
Dynamic range :> 128dB (A -weighted )

THD + N (1kHz 1W @ 100Ω): <0.00035%
THD + N (1kHz 0.5W @ 32Ω): <0.0007%
Crosstalk :-110db (1kHz)

Each channel has a BB OPA134PA - socketed - for voltage amplification and an eight transistor discrete buffer with 2 ea. 2SA1837. 2SC4793, C546B, C556B. Dual mono layout - more or less ... the circuit board itself is shared and not completely symmetric. There's a pair of NE5532s at back for balanced-unbalanced...
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Old

Reference Music Server Finally Making Music

Posted 13th February 2015 at 05:16 PM by wlowes
Updated 11th January 2016 at 03:16 AM by wlowes (Next tweek.. Silver Mica caps on output 0.1uf)

Disclaimer that this entry is just a scrap book of my personal journey with a build. No fresh engineering here, so those seeking engineering insights can save the read.

That said, my new music server is now fully burned in, and for me its a delight. It is a collage of ideas developed by diyaudio members and by Lukas Fikus, aka Lampizator. Thanks to all who contributed. I hope these notes pass on some ideas for others.

Basic Approach
My approach is heavily influenced by Lukas of Lampizator fame. I have enjoyed his tube output amp design in my previous DAC, and several cd players. He got me interested in the TDA1541a, and I have had many years of happlily tweaking it for best sound. This server has a clone of his level 6 DAC with tube rectifiers, dual mono supply and film caps in CLCLC configuration.

Also, my digital evolution came via CICS CMP which taught me to appreciate a minimalist PC processor with network attached storage for the...
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Eltax Liberty 5+ modification

Posted 10th February 2015 at 09:22 PM by Maciej Czerwinski

I bought these speakers in 2000. I was unhappy with the way they reproduce low frequencies. I decided to add a subwoofer. I used the fact that the lower part of the housing of the speaker is empty and isolated from the upper part in which the speakers operate. I cut a hole in the side of the bottom part and installed a 25 cm driver.
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It is Vestra PW-250-2154 woofer.
It has a 19 cm coated-paper membrane, foam external suspension, extruded metal sheet basket, ventilated 4.5 cm coil, the diameter of the magnet is 12 cm, 80 W, 4 ohms, the self-resonance (Fs) at 27 Hz.
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I damped the interior of this newly created enclosure space with bitumen mat and felt glued to the walls and filled it with fleece. I cut out the rear wall from the top part of the enclosure. Inserted a reinforcing crossbars into the lower and upper housing. The upper part of the housing is entirely filled with a damping material (with fleece filled pillow, which...
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Old

Eltax Liberty 5+ modification part2

Posted 10th February 2015 at 09:16 PM by Maciej Czerwinski

All measurements done with Panasonic WM-61A microphone with Eric Wallin preamplifier and E-MU0202. Single driver frequency response without any crossover. The microphone is located at a distance of 1 meter from the driver on its main axis.
Vifa 3075 dome tweeter:
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Vifa TC 3520 woofer:
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Vestra PW-250-2154 woofer with it's crossover, microphone located 10 cm from the driver:
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The complete speaker after modification.
Measurements done at my usual listening spot, 2.5 m from the speaker, microphone positioned 50 cm closer, farther, higher and lower around the spot. Obtained frequency response curves are strongly smoothed, because changing the position of the microphone produces a large change in the jags of the curve, and I wanted to show invariant features of the speaker frequency response:
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It is pretty flat, and the bass is very nice now.
...
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Old

Headphone Sensitivity: AKG K702 vs. Sennheiser HD 600

Posted 7th February 2015 at 07:47 AM by rjm
Updated 14th February 2015 at 10:13 AM by rjm

I recently obtained a pair of AKG K702 headphones to complement my long-standing reference Sennheiser HD 600s. I figured since I'm building headphone amplifiers it would be a good idea to have a reference grade low impedance model as well as the high impedance HD 600s to use for evaluation.

First though, a note on sensitivity:

K702: 62 ohms, 105 SPL/V
HD600: 300 ohms, 97 dB/mW

Different units. Grrr!

At the same volume position I quickly discovered the HD 600s play slightly louder than the K702s. The datasheet values predict the K702s should be about 3 dB louder, so it seems the sensitivity is off by as much as 6 dB.

In numbers,

K702: 62 ohms, 105 SPL/V ... 93 dB/mW from datasheet, 87~89 dB/mW (99~101 SPL/V) in practice.
HD 600: 300 ohms, 97 dB/mW ... 102 SPL/V.

The K702 requires as much as ten times more power to drive than the HD 600s. The voltage sensitivity is about 3 dB lower than...
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Old

Refining the Open Loop Diamond Buffer Headphone Driver (RJM Audio Sapphire 3.0)

Posted 31st January 2015 at 01:28 PM by rjm
Updated 18th March 2015 at 02:52 AM by rjm (add photo of finished amp)

A couple of years ago I built a standard op amp + diamond buffer headphone amplifier, called the Sapphire.

My original circuit (Sapphire 1.x) was the simple four transistor four resistor diamond buffer of the LH0002. Later small resistors (Sapphire 2.0) were added to the emitters of the driver transistors to boost the output bias current.

In this next go-round (Sapphire 3.0), I've replaced the emitter resistors with current sources. This provides a significant improvement in PSRR, over 20 dB in simulation. The output pair has been reinforced in a Sziklai configuration for lower distortion, and the primary output transistors five-way paralleled for improved thermal stability. The output impedance is 1~2 ohms, limited primarily by the output resistor.

It simulates to <-100 dB harmonics for 0 dB (1 V rms) output into 60 ohms. The total circuit standing current is less than 50 mA per channel.

LTSpice files below. R5,R6 on LTSpice...
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Old

Richard Allan Three Way - Rebuild

Posted 27th January 2015 at 03:07 AM by googlyone
Updated 26th January 2015 at 09:02 AM by googlyone

I recently picked up a pair of, I guess, 1970's Richard Allan three way speakers. The line-up are RA drivers with which I am not familiar. Bass, LP10B, midrange LP5B and tweeters - long dead and replaced with mismatched dome tweeters.

Richard Allan was reasonably popular in Australia in the 70's and 80's, and did some pretty good gear. I was interested to see how these went, but did need to do something about the tweeters.

On pulling the drivers out, I noted a few things:
- The LP10B is a 10 inch bextrene cone woofer, using a 1.5" voicecoil rather than the HP10B's 2" coil. It is also very much an "acoustic suspension" driver - read on.

- The LP5B is very much like a 5" version of the KEF B110 - as used in the LS3A. I read somewhere that Richard Allan made a version of the LS3A under license, but that might be an "internet fact".

- The crossover was made by KRIX, a local speaker manufacturer...
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Richard Allan 3 Way Rebuild - So What Do They Look Like?

Posted 26th January 2015 at 09:39 AM by googlyone

The Engineer in me led to plots and graphs, but no pics of the speakers!!!

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With a neat old badge...

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The bass driver is a classic Richard Allan unit, you can tell them a mile away by the red (sometimes blue and black) felt:

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The midrange has a fair bit of the B110 about it's looks, though it is smaller and behaves quite differently. This thing is very much a product of it's era (1970's):

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The surround on the midrange is stated as PVC in some literature I found. I kind of believe this, though it has been coated with something sticky. It is not sticky on the back.

The cabinets were in moderately good condition. There were some coffee stains on the top of one, and water stains on the side of the other. In the end I sanded and revarnished them.

The timber...
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Old

New 12" wide heatsink now available

Posted 19th January 2015 at 04:59 PM by barrredboss

Hello diy'ers! Just wanted to let you know that we now have a 12" wide heatsink available for purchase at our website. Extruded Aluminum Heatsinks from HeatSinkUSA
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Hide this!Advertise here!

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