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TDA8932 class D amp

Posted 27th May 2014 at 01:39 AM by abraxalito
Updated 16th June 2014 at 02:09 AM by abraxalito

One channel is completed - barring the off-board hexacap shunt - second channel under construction. Then for a comparison with the TDA1521s

Update1 - both channels running now, 160,000uF on each. Bass is tuneful but LF colourations noticeable on piano (Ashkenazy Diabelli Variations). Solution to this is simple - more caps

Update2 - an extra ring of caps around the original hexacaps now, so we're around 250,000uF. Bass is so much better than from the TPA3116 but the HF is more ragged, less transparency overall than the TPA3116. So I'll next try an outrageously decoupled implementation just to check I'm not limiting the chip with poor PSU hygiene....

Update3 - I have over 30 1206 10uF caps per side now as local decoupling - HF problems are slight. Makes me wonder if I use it only on the bass/mid and a TDA1521 for the tweeter duty we might reach audio nirvana.... Looking at the DS its easy to see why the HF's a bit of a mess - the PSRR is about...
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Old

TDA1521 chip amps rock!

Posted 23rd May 2014 at 04:13 AM by abraxalito

Here's my prototype TDA1521 dual mono arrangement - two chips per channel in bridged/parallel, sat atop 400,000uF hexacaps. The neutrality has taken a while to get used to but I'm lovin' em....
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Old

Ziggurat passive shunt for chipamp

Posted 5th May 2014 at 05:34 AM by abraxalito
Updated 23rd May 2014 at 01:34 AM by abraxalito

Two tiers in order to achieve the lowest ESR - top is using 4700uF and bottom, 15,000uF. Total around 0.8F, 25V.

I plan to try this out first with my TDA8566 but that's limited to 18V so if that sounds promising I'll look for a new chip which can handle the full 25V supply capability.

Update1 : Wired the top tier only underneath my new TPA3116 class D amp board from Taobao. Seems here the dynamics aren't limited by the capacitance on the output stage supply, rather on the analog supply (pin17 of the TPA3116) which goes to an internal LDO regulator. No amount of capacitance on this pin (I went up to 100,000uF) gives the chip the LF dynamics of my class AB amp so I've been off in search of a class D chip which doesn't have an internal reg so might be amenable to a hexacap on its supply...

Update2 - NXP's TDA8932 is on order now - this is a chip which can be DIYed because its in a manageably small SO32 package, so no need to order up an eval board. Over...
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Old

Stack-a-DAC filter module taking shape

Posted 28th April 2014 at 02:27 PM by abraxalito
Updated 29th April 2014 at 01:36 AM by abraxalito

I'm prototyping this baby which will probably be the first Ozone board to go to PCB layout. It implements the 10th order Chebyshev filter shown earlier and is intended to be mounted atop a 'hexacap' passive shunt. The DAC stack in the centre is made up of six TDA1387s. Input will be I2S and output unbalanced audio 40mV RMS.

Update - over on a thread about AD815 Eldam asked about the inductors - how many I need to buy to get the values in the schematic - so I'll talk about that a little here.

I have bought a big reel of 1k pieces of these 680uH inductors. The price was around $100 but I think I probably should have paid a little more as although the reel is marked up as TDK, they might well be fakes. I suspect that because their appearance isn't as professional as some 1mH parts I bought earlier from another seller. Added to that is the spread of values - having measured at least 100, only one has shown up as 680uH (within 10uH). The rest have varied from 800uH...
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First transportable Ozone incarnation

Posted 27th April 2014 at 03:48 PM by abraxalito
Updated 28th April 2014 at 06:33 AM by abraxalito

I took this to the park this morning, it survived the journey in my backpack but it exposed a dodgy RCA connector. The case I used (temporarily) for it is a cylindrical tea carton - the red 'tower' behind. Battery power comes from 3 NiMH AA cells giving around 10hrs of listening.

I've just done a mental estimate of the BOM cost of this DAC (labour cost is way dominant, but this is DIY right?) and it turns out to be dominated by the cost of the caps in the top three tiers (the small black ones). These are real Japanese Rubycons, chosen for their diminutive height (16mm) vs the Chinese ones at 25mm height. So if you didn't mind adding 3cm to the overall neight you could build this with all Chinese caps and save a few dollars. As it is the total parts cost is under $30 including batteries. If you wanted S/PDIF input (currently its I2S) you'd add a couple more $.
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Ozone Chebyshev filter

Posted 18th April 2014 at 03:39 AM by abraxalito

I've munged the earlier 8 inductor filters down to only 5 - this one is using off-the-shelf TDK inductors, SLF7045-681, albeit they need to be hand-selected to get the correct values as the production tolerance is 20%. X7R caps sound just fine, surprisingly

FR is -3dB at 17,8kHz with around 0.25dB of passband ripple.
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Old

One Farad capacitor array

Posted 3rd April 2014 at 04:08 AM by abraxalito
Updated 4th May 2014 at 05:53 AM by abraxalito

This array of 127 10,000uF caps measures -j2.9mohms at 50Hz which I reckon makes it comfortably over 1F in capacitance. ESR is 1mohm @ 50Hz.

The individual caps were measuring on average 8,500uF. Although they're marked 10V (the brand is ChengX a slightly shady Chinese one) they're not good for anywhere near this voltage. I reckon they're in reality 6.3V and they seem to have decently low leakage at this working voltage. I shall be using them at 5V or below.

Update1 - seems I wasn't using enough copper in the wiring. I've now built a second one with 2.5mm2 wiring around the loops and 1.5mm diameter cross links and ESR is down to 0.5mohm @ 50Hz now, decreasing at higher freqs. I have enough caps left for a third one...

Update2 - now the first array has a basement level giving 2.1F total with ESR below 0.4mohms @ 50Hz. There are six paralleled TDA1387s atop the combined hexagons giving unprecedented LF dynamics. Amp long, long overdue for an upgrade.......
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Old

Hexacap-based Ozone DAC

Posted 20th March 2014 at 04:18 AM by abraxalito
Updated 31st March 2014 at 02:07 AM by abraxalito

Here's my current bench lash-up DAC based on three hexacaps. Total capacitance of the order of 1.3F.

32fs EIAJ is fed in, balanced, from the left, the central hexacap feeds two TDA1545ATs. Filters are TDK inductor based, six stage balanced with X7R caps (gasp!). Caps in the centre provide the mid-rail power (2.5V) which the I/V resistors are fed from. The two hexacaps on the right power the post amps based on AD815ARBs, gain set roughly to 26dB with a little NOS droop correction. They're the postage-stamp sized boards roughly in the middle. Output is differential and fed to ferrite-cored transformers to convert to SE.

I'm blown away by the dynamics of this, given the right recording. Next up is an amp based on paralleling 8 or 10 AD815s. Each fed from its own hexacap, of course....

Update1 - the DAC supply has now been upgraded to two tiers of the 4700uFs, interconnected by six 1.5mm diameter solid copper wires. Capacitive reactance measures 2.5mohm...
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Old

Adventures in low impedance power supplies

Posted 10th March 2014 at 09:01 AM by abraxalito
Updated 17th May 2014 at 04:52 AM by abraxalito

Here's my latest crazy project, intended to answer the question 'How low can you go?' in power supply impedance. No listening tests yet, I've just finished assembling this stack of hexagon capacitor arrays out of cheap electrolytics. Total capacitance of the top 4 tiers is comfortably above 1F. The top tier is designed for lowest ESR at HF using Nichicon 1500uFs, the next tier is a trade between ESR and uF. The last two are the highest capacitance density I could find (a total of 182 4700uFs). I've yet to connect the bottom two hexagons to the upper tiers but the top two are connected by wires running through the gaps between caps.

The whole is intended to push the limits of low frequency noise in powering a couple of TDA1545s which will sit on a small PCB supported on thick wires from the centre of the top tier. I am aiming to get a capacitive reactance (at 50Hz) at the DAC supply pins below 3mohm and ESR below 1.5mohm.

Update1 : connected the bottom two tiers...
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Old

Next generation Ozone analog stage - 'free radical'

Posted 25th January 2014 at 02:28 AM by abraxalito
Updated 6th February 2014 at 04:49 AM by abraxalito

Last night I finished building the second channel of my dual mono approach to DAC building which I've called 'free radical'. Here's a picture of the second channel's build just prior to adding all the crapacitors (cheap shanzai 'Sanyos' which measure extremely well). While building the second channel I was listening to the first in mono and that was a spur to quick completion

From left to right there's the AD605 with its top hat array of MLCCs - outputs are isolated via ferrite bead chokes from the AD8017 under its own pile of SMT ceramics. In between the two active stages are the capacitors associated with power supply reference voltage filtering. I realized from the previous build that as the AD605's gain is controlled by DC voltages, these voltages need to be low noise to ensure gain stability. Hence lots of RC filtering with those Nichicon and Rubycon low ESR lytics. I'm using BC817 transistors as low drop-out regulators and the reference voltages (2.5 and 5.7V) come...
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