diyAudio - Entries for December 2016
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Old

Small tline for 8"

Posted 29th December 2016 at 11:52 AM by HumbleDeer

I think I'll be painting my small subwoofer in some shade of cherry or wine red. I just need to sand it down once more and give it one final layer of MDF Primer. Hopefully, all dents and small damaged points will be gone. I won't get my hopes up though.
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Old

Can a double blind test really be double blind?

Posted 27th December 2016 at 11:48 AM by jan.didden
Updated 27th December 2016 at 11:51 AM by jan.didden

This blog is not about audio. Or at least not in the sense of a design or equipment discussion. It's about how we as humans tick, and possible (probable?) implications for how we form opinions and views about what we hear, about a particular design or sound.

My long-standing interest in this area was recently triggered again by a couple of posts from Mark4w, and a book he recommended (Thinking, Fast and Slow, by Daniel Kahneman). At about the time I received the book I also fell into a scientific discussion on the TV about the process our brain goes through to form an opinion and serve that up to our conscience as 'this is how it is'.

I thought back about all the discussions I've had on diyaudio about sighted versus blind listening. Without opening up Pandora's box yet again, in a nutshell: The brain uses every input it can get its hand on to form an opinion. So when you listen to, say, a new amp, the brain not only uses the sound coming in through your ears,...
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Old

How to Spell Checking Posts - Firefox

Posted 27th December 2016 at 03:12 AM by SyncTronX
Updated 31st December 2016 at 04:26 AM by SyncTronX

How to set up the spell checker.

Surprise!

Spell check is NOT in the DIYAudio software,
it is part of your browser.

Set up is simple. Follow these
general steps:

On the menu bar select and hold tools:
Click the image to open in full size.


Then, drag down and selection Options:
Click the image to open in full size.






Then from the tool options scroll down and select Advanced:
Click the image to open in full size.



Then at the bottom click on the check box, to
put a check in it:

Click the image to open in full size.


Close the window, restart your browser, that is it.
...
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Old

Project Unity Board Layout

Posted 27th December 2016 at 12:33 AM by rjm (RJM Audio Blog)
Updated 27th December 2016 at 10:11 PM by rjm

Two boards, each board configurable for line and headphone variants. Powered by nominal +12 V -12 V split regulated supply, though 9-15 V rails can be used without modification.
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File Type: zip pcb-unity-10e1-bom.zip (150.2 KB, 62 views)
File Type: zip pcb-unityB-10b1-bom.zip (98.7 KB, 56 views)
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Old

Pictures of my Audio Equipment

Posted 23rd December 2016 at 08:44 AM by BasicHIFI1
Updated 23rd December 2016 at 08:58 AM by BasicHIFI1

Images of the audio equipment I have access to.
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Old

Introducing Project Unity

Posted 23rd December 2016 at 05:02 AM by rjm (RJM Audio Blog)
Updated 27th December 2016 at 11:46 PM by rjm

Following on from this post and this post, we arrive in time for the holidays with Project Unity. Merry Christmas everyone.

Four circuits: Unity, Unity H, Unity B, Unity BH. line preamp, Headphone amp, line Buffer, Headphone Buffer respectively, all derived from a common base circuit called Unity Root. Unity Root is conceptual, it exists only as a reference so you can see more clearly how the four working variants relate to each other.

It's the "all for one, and one for all" approach to diyaudio, a single research and development line applied to a range of applications, feedback from any of the applications brought back to apply to the line in general.

This simplifies not just the circuit development, similar efficiency is also brought to the documentation, board layout design, and BOM... about which I'll have more to say in a bit.
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Attached Files
File Type: zip Unity 10 LTSpice.zip (5.6 KB, 38 views)
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Old

The (Xross-type) X-Reg Voltage Regulator (Stabilizer)

Posted 20th December 2016 at 04:47 AM by rjm (RJM Audio Blog)
Updated 7th March 2017 at 07:09 AM by rjm (BOM 16b2 uploaded)

I've come this far so I might as well complete the trifecta.

This is the X-Reg circuit, with a new layout and component numbering to match the new S-Reg and Z-Reg boards. Each is a drop in replacement for the other.

Like its siblings, the X-Reg is a low current voltage regulator for line level audio. The output is about 9 V (adjustable up to 12 V) and the maximum load current is 50 mA without heatsinks, 100~150 mA with small heatsinks on Q1,2.

It is not a true regulator as there is no fixed reference and instead the output voltage is defined relative to the input voltage. The high open loop gain of the op amp is harnessed for very low noise and very high ripple rejection. It is necessarily a high feedback approach.

So, there you are: three mix-and-match power supply options for all your low voltage, low current audio needs.
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Attached Files
File Type: zip X-reg-16b.zip (63.6 KB, 45 views)
File Type: zip pcb-xreg-16b2-bom.zip (93.3 KB, 17 views)
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Old

The (Zener) Z-Reg Voltage Regulator

Posted 19th December 2016 at 12:55 PM by rjm (RJM Audio Blog)
Updated 7th March 2017 at 07:11 AM by rjm (BOM 11b2 uploaded)

Companion regulator to the S-Reg. Same board dimensions and connection layout. For line level audio.

Same idea as before rectified 2x12 VAC input, +/- 11 V output. 50 mA max output current unless the transistors are heatsinked.

There is a small amount of over-current protection afforded by R3,4 but do not short the output for all but the shortest of transients.

Eagle/Gerber files attached, so you can go get this made yourself, optinally with whatever modifications you need.

I've use this regulator circuit in my Sapphire headphone amplifier. It's a simple and modest circuit but I feel it works really well in practice as long as the audio circuitry it powers has reasonable PSRR. No feedback means no out-of-band noise or instability, even as the output impedance remains low.
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Attached Files
File Type: zip Z-reg-11b.zip (51.1 KB, 37 views)
File Type: zip Z-reg-11b1-Eagle.zip (63.8 KB, 34 views)
File Type: zip pcb-zreg-11b2-bom.zip (70.3 KB, 11 views)
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Old

The (Shunt-Source) S-Reg Voltage Regulator

Posted 19th December 2016 at 11:09 AM by rjm (RJM Audio Blog)
Updated 7th March 2017 at 10:13 PM by rjm

S-reg voltage shunt-source regulator for line-level audio circuits.

This is designed to accept rectified 12x2 VAC input, producing +/-12 V output split rails.

Features soft-start and over-current protection, standard configurations for load currents up to 50 mA. High performance: 80 dB ripple rejection up to 100 kHz.
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Attached Files
File Type: asc sreg10e.asc (5.0 KB, 93 views)
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Old

RJM Audio in 2017 [modular simplicity]

Posted 19th December 2016 at 12:11 AM by rjm (RJM Audio Blog)
Updated 27th December 2016 at 11:50 PM by rjm

The time of year where I like to draw up some plans for the next 12 months.

This year’s output looked something as follows,

At the end of all this I find myself sitting on four different voltage regulator circuits, several variants of the transistor output diamond buffer, five phono stages variants, and a couple of nebulous ideas about developing a discrete voltage gain amplifier.

I'm considering how to package this all up in such a way as to best appeal to diyaudio builders of widely varying application needs and skill levels while keeping a simple...
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