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Old 12th July 2012, 02:46 AM   #1
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Default Design a suspended TT with REKOKUT KIT

I got a vintage TT kit form ebay 2 months ago.The AC motor is strong and it's vibration is a bit high in running,so I decided to design a suspended base to reduce the vibration influence on platter.
The base material is thick plywood,I cut the pieces by CNC machine according CAD designed profile.Three mechanical seals will be set between motor base and platter base.The mechanical seal is special sealing unit for pump.I choose 3 Universal shock absorber feet for motor base support.
I rebuilt the motor Pulley for 50HZ power supply using same material,the testing speed is steady and accurate.
Here are some pics of this DIY.This TT Is not completed yet,I will fix my DIY glass tube LT to test it. to be continued....
Attached Images
File Type: jpg turntable3.jpg (47.3 KB, 330 views)
File Type: jpg TT.jpg (51.8 KB, 322 views)
File Type: jpg 108.jpg (28.6 KB, 315 views)
File Type: jpg 2109985_2.jpg (17.0 KB, 310 views)
File Type: jpg 1207042307dad183c469f938d0.jpg (67.4 KB, 306 views)
File Type: jpg TT2.jpg (47.7 KB, 100 views)
File Type: jpg TT3.jpg (63.7 KB, 120 views)
File Type: jpg TT4.jpg (59.3 KB, 135 views)

Last edited by eaglebear; 12th July 2012 at 07:42 AM.
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Old 14th July 2012, 09:36 PM   #2
dtut is offline dtut  United States
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eaglebear,

This is a very interesting project, although I'm not sure I understand all the details. I recently restored and re-plinthed a ROK Rondine Jr L-34, which I intend put an LT on so I'm curious about your continuing adventure.
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Old 15th July 2012, 02:36 PM   #3
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Hi!dtut,thank you for your reply.I've finished this TT and played some vinyls with my DIY glass tube LT tonearm.The sound is nice but the vibration influence,the cartridge amplify the micro vibration,especially between the blank of two songs. I can not completely remove the influence.So I have to separate motor support or replace the AC motor by micro step motor.Do you have another idea about this?
attached Pics are the finished TT and Step motor kit
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File Type: jpg TT-1.jpg (216.1 KB, 141 views)
File Type: jpg TT-2.jpg (185.0 KB, 137 views)
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Old 16th July 2012, 12:11 AM   #4
Nanook is offline Nanook  Canada
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Default replace the motor support or replace to a micro-stepper...

I would suggest that you seek help from some that have good success with idlers (not a dis to dtut, hi doug ). But AFAIK you might find new motor grommets to be a good place to begin. The Rek-O-Kut idlers have a huge fan base, and I'm sure someone over at Lenco Heaven may be able to help you out (Lenco Heaven is expanding and deals with more than just Lenco turntables). Idlers are so expensive here that I've pretty much resigned myself to scabbing together my own out of Dual or Garrard changers (gutted).
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Old 16th July 2012, 08:16 AM   #5
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Nanook,thank you for your suggestion and providing a helpful forum. I will try to find some new damping material firstly.
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Old 16th July 2012, 02:02 PM   #6
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Interesting project.

I think I see that the TT platter assembly sits on the same base that the motor is mounted to??

Also I do not quite see the arm mounting arrangment.

From what I can see it is an error to mount the original motor to the wood base by direct means. The wood acts like a transmission medium for the motor's vibration, somewhat of an amplifier. I see you have spring decouplers under the TT platter? They may not isolate sufficiently.

It would be best to have the motor physically isolated, not even mounted to the same base as the arm or the platter.

I am not a fan of servo motors to run turntables. They are not quiet, and present other issues. Otoh, it is possible to use it.

If it were my project I would remachine the area where the motor is mounted and re-think that whole idea of mounting the motor to the base directly. It is better to have it stand on its own. Perhaps a weighted "pod".

Done this way: two or three separate parts; turntable + base, arm (either on TT base or floating pod), and motor "pod" assembly, those elements still need a surface to sit upon and then your focus changes to the proper method to isolate, damp and control that surface.

One of the cheapest ways to handle that is a simple sandbox.

You just make a sandbox with 1"-4" of fine, clean sand and your two or three elements sit on the sand! Of course if you *want* coupling then you can put a flat material under them - say the TT base and the arm pod sit on a slab of wood, metal, corian, plastic, etc... for example. The motor can sit on a separate surface on top of the sand. Almost perfect isolation.

Of course there is whatever comes down the belt to the platter...

Hope this helps...

_-_-bear
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Last edited by bear; 16th July 2012 at 02:09 PM.
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Old 16th July 2012, 02:32 PM   #7
miklos is offline miklos  Canada
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"micro step motor" not the best choice for driving a turntable.
Look for an AC sync, DC brush or DC brushless motor.
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Old 16th July 2012, 04:48 PM   #8
Nanook is offline Nanook  Canada
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Default not the best choice...

Quote:
Originally Posted by miklos View Post
"micro step motor" not the best choice for driving a turntable.
Look for an AC sync, DC brush or DC brushless motor.
7.5 degree steppers are essentially 48 pole AC synchronous motors when driven by a PWM signal or a sine/cosine wave pair. See: Altmann DIY Turntable for some details.Using the small low power steppers is superior to using an industrial (square flanged) stepper. Need more power? Add a motor or two...

regarding bear's post:I agree with bear's comments. Sorry eaglebear, I assumed you were using an original top plate. Yes, the motor should be mounted on it's own, and the sandbox is a good idea. The bearing and the tonearm need to be rigidly mounted to the same object so that it reduces the degrees of freedom between them. I guess a pod (heavy) could be used for the tonearm as long as both the platter housing/plinth and tonearm pod are heavy enough and coupled to the same object so that they do not move in relation to one another.

I know there is one Rega modifier out there who makes an isolation motor mount for those turntables and it is apparently startlingly good. I must believe something similar for the K-33 would work. Then make a 1/4" tape drive belt (or 1/2" if you have a pulley...)
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Old 17th July 2012, 03:10 AM   #9
dtut is offline dtut  United States
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EB,

Nanook is right (Good evening, Stew) I'm not the most experienced idler guy around since I just got my L-34 up and running, but since the K-33 is a belt drive, I think it's more like an Empire than a classic idler, anyway. I think something important to remember is that Empire and ROK are very simple, very carefully made machines and, I think, that's a good foundation if you want to build a TT based on either of them.

As Nanook suggests, getting new motor mounts is a good idea even if the ones you have look OK. They're cheap and can make a big difference.

The motor you have is the same one I have and it's actually pretty good, but it may be you'll have to take it apart and clean it and re-oil the bearings. Mine vibrated badly when I first got it. Cleaning and re-lubing took care of that and it runs quiet and smooth, now. The K-33H came with a Pabst hysteresis motor, which is superb. You might try to find one if you really want to change motors. I've never heard a K-33, but a properly set up Empire, which has the same motor mount system, doesn't transmit any motor noise to the platter or stylus.

A mechanics' stethoscope will help you detect and trace noise. Take the belt off and just run the motor. Spin the platter. Put the belt back on and run the platter with the motor. Do you hear anything any any stage?

Did you clean and polish the platter shaft and bearing walls? Did you check/replace the ball bearing at the bottom of the well? Any wear or dirt can be audible.

Register at Vinyl Engine and download a K-33 service manual. It's free and full of great information. Check out Audio Karma Turntables for good information from people who have built TTs from ROKs and Empires.

If you look at the original capstan - the drive pulley on the motor - you'll notice it's barrel shaped. That keeps the belt centered. It looks to me like the capstan you machined is straight sided and that's why the belt isn't centered. As it is, the lower edge of the belt is riding on the capstan shoulder and that can cause noise that can be transmitted to the platter and stylus. I've had that happen. Also, pictures of the K-33 show the belt running in the middle of the platter edge. If that is an original belt, it may be stiff and a new belt would be a good idea. I tried a 1/4 inch tape belt on an Empire and it ran fast because tape is too thin.

You have a lot of design and machining talent and I think you'll be fine if you think of this as a restoration project first - get the K-33 parts working right - maybe even try a simpler, more traditional plinth to get familiar with the basics. Your TT design is a bit unorthodox, but that's no big deal - so are LTs.

I wish you good luck with this project because I still want to know what you think of your LT on your TT. If I've wasted your time with a bunch of stuff you already know, I apologize.
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Old 17th July 2012, 03:18 AM   #10
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Quote:
Originally Posted by bear View Post
Interesting project.
...

Hope this helps...

_-_-bear
Bear,Thanks a lot,Great suggestion!Just like what you think,I use one base to support all units including motor,platter and tonearm,the original damping structure can not damp the vibration completely.So an physical isolated motor base is quite necessary,I will cut the motor part form base and rebuild motor support increasing mass with sand.Hope it will be effective.
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