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Old 24th August 2012, 12:22 AM   #131
RNMarsh is offline RNMarsh  United States
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Originally Posted by bcarso View Post
By exploiting the use of floating power supplies, to which EUVL has gotten me momentarily addicted after I started looking at his IV threads, and with RM's allowance for cascodes and current sources not counting, I have a crazy design for the opamp that uses six transistors. But two to four floating voltage sources (one to three of which could be primary batteries as there is virtually no current), a very asymmetrical-looking input stage... If all one needs is an inverting input the thing gets much simpler and the floating V source that actually supplies real current goes away.

When I have convinced myself I understand it I'll present it. It does use the buffer I showed, and counts that as four devices (the two current sources being exempt).

Of course I'm not doing this to meet the eight transistor limit, but I'm amused that it may be possible. I don't believe it will sound better on account of the lower number.
[Make the power supply the amplifier and visa versa. ]
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Old 24th August 2012, 12:48 AM   #132
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Originally Posted by RNMarsh View Post
[Make the power supply the amplifier and visa versa. ]
Which brings up the question: is this to be an op-amp in the sense of something critically dependent on power supplies to be almost as good as it is?

And, must it have two inputs and one output, two power supplies?

Thanks,
Chris

Last edited by Chris Hornbeck; 24th August 2012 at 12:50 AM.
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Old 24th August 2012, 12:53 AM   #133
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Actually he wants a headphone amp. I have no idea why a headphone amp has to use opamps. I use in mine MOSFETs and BJTs in power supply, and SiC JFETs and vacuum tubes in the amp. It does not resemble any opamp. Well, it has balanced inputs, but it is transformer-balanced, no DC gain at all.

However, I have to admit, I am a zero in marketing...
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Old 24th August 2012, 01:13 AM   #134
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> However, I have to admit, I am a zero in marketing...

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Old 24th August 2012, 01:29 AM   #135
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First off this is for fun and exchanging some ideas. I make no claim to inventing anything here it has all been somewhere before.
Classic op-amps input gm, Vas, and output buffer all end up relying on a linear input voltage to current stage (gm) feeding current to a high impedance node whose voltage is buffered to create a low output impedance. There are lots of embellishments around to increase the DC gain but the AC performance is usually limited by the linearity of the gm, the linearity of the gain node impedance (at AC frequencies the compensation capacitance plus any parasitics), and both the current needed to drive the output buffer and the voltage error across the output buffer. The last is problematic in that it (usually the crossover distortion) is differentiated before it can be expressed as an input current error, hence the rapid increase as frequency increases.
Before I go on I would like to say that a one size fits all op-amp is simply an unnecessary restriction. A simple enough signal path can give the user a couple of foolproof component substitutions that can optimize it for each application.
This being said I want to present a very ordinary signal path with a couple of additions to preserve simplicity and linearity. This circuit is not new but there are some differences to previous versions that I have seen (I donít see everything posted). The signal path on the non-inverting side has been arranged more like a current mirror and on the other a folded cascade. The cascodes on the gain stage have their base current recaptured to keep the collector impedance very high and eliminate non-linear capacitive currents. The bootstrapped triple darling presents a very light load to the gain node and can be independently customized to easily drive low impedances. Though as I have previously stated there is no reason for every op-amp in your signal path to drive something like 50 Ohms.
The circuit here is just an outline and the devices are place holders but even with these fairly ordinary devices Aol is > 100k and more importantly the gain at 20K is 75dB. J1 and J2ís currents are set for bias and to set up the lower half of the input stage to also recapture the base current of the cascodes. Originally I had planned on a completely symmetric circuit with PFETís. That is a fairly easy exercise for the reader.
I would like some suggestions for transistors, as far as I can tell I can get better than -100dB distortions at 20K, etc. with nothing more than this. As I said the degeneration resistors and comp cap would need to be changed for gain of one operation.
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Old 24th August 2012, 01:37 AM   #136
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Wavebourn View Post
Actually he wants a headphone amp. I have no idea why a headphone amp has to use opamps. I use in mine MOSFETs and BJTs in power supply, and SiC JFETs and vacuum tubes in the amp. It does not resemble any opamp. Well, it has balanced inputs, but it is transformer-balanced, no DC gain at all.

However, I have to admit, I am a zero in marketing...
Not really. The opamp apps today needs to drive more than just other amp/hardware inputs. -RNM
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Old 24th August 2012, 01:42 AM   #137
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Originally Posted by elektroj View Post
I think this particular one (LEDs in current sources) is Walt Jung's creation:

http://waltjung.org/PDFs/WTnT_Op_Amp_Audio_2.pdf

Yes, this is the usual method of bringing the opposing collectors of the input to the rail... Was Walt Jung first or?? But, the variation of bringing them to the output stage, between the emitter resistor and the output device is an improvement. Incremental. But incremental counts?
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Old 24th August 2012, 01:46 AM   #138
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Originally Posted by scott wurcer View Post
First off this is for fun and exchanging some ideas. I make no claim to inventing anything here it has all been somewhere before.
Classic op-amps input gm, Vas, and output buffer all end up relying on a linear input voltage to current stage (gm) feeding current to a high impedance node whose voltage is buffered to create a low output impedance. There are lots of embellishments around to increase the DC gain but the AC performance is usually limited by the linearity of the gm, the linearity of the gain node impedance (at AC frequencies the compensation capacitance plus any parasitics), and both the current needed to drive the output buffer and the voltage error across the output buffer. The last is problematic in that it (usually the crossover distortion) is differentiated before it can be expressed as an input current error, hence the rapid increase as frequency increases.
Before I go on I would like to say that a one size fits all op-amp is simply an unnecessary restriction. A simple enough signal path can give the user a couple of foolproof component substitutions that can optimize it for each application.
This being said I want to present a very ordinary signal path with a couple of additions to preserve simplicity and linearity. This circuit is not new but there are some differences to previous versions that I have seen (I donít see everything posted). The signal path on the non-inverting side has been arranged more like a current mirror and on the other a folded cascade. The cascodes on the gain stage have their base current recaptured to keep the collector impedance very high and eliminate non-linear capacitive currents. The bootstrapped triple darling presents a very light load to the gain node and can be independently customized to easily drive low impedances. Though as I have previously stated there is no reason for every op-amp in your signal path to drive something like 50 Ohms.
The circuit here is just an outline and the devices are place holders but even with these fairly ordinary devices Aol is > 100k and more importantly the gain at 20K is 75dB. J1 and J2ís currents are set for bias and to set up the lower half of the input stage to also recapture the base current of the cascodes. Originally I had planned on a completely symmetric circuit with PFETís. That is a fairly easy exercise for the reader.
I would like some suggestions for transistors, as far as I can tell I can get better than -100dB distortions at 20K, etc. with nothing more than this. As I said the degeneration resistors and comp cap would need to be changed for gain of one operation.
can you tell us in which ways this is different from an IC packaged circuit? What parameters can be bettered with discrete (besides output current)? Thx RNM
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Old 24th August 2012, 01:56 AM   #139
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Originally Posted by RNMarsh View Post
Not really. The opamp apps today needs to drive more than just other amp/hardware inputs. -RNM
Not really. They don't need to be opamps, no matter what they drive.

I have to admit, I like Scott's exercise. Quite elegant.
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Old 24th August 2012, 02:00 AM   #140
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Originally Posted by bear View Post
Yes, this is the usual method of bringing the opposing collectors of the input to the rail... Was Walt Jung first or?? But, the variation of bringing them to the output stage, between the emitter resistor and the output device is an improvement. Incremental. But incremental counts?
He says right in the article that a version of it was first used in the LH0002 buffer, which I assume was a chip.
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