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Old 23rd July 2012, 12:29 PM   #11
Mooly is online now Mooly  United Kingdom
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This should work,

R30 = 120K
R31 = 15K
R32 = 1K8
R33 = 4K7
R34 = 1K

Points to note.
The gain equals (R33 + R34)/R34 so this gives around 5.7 voltage gain.

The bias network sets the output voltage "midpoint" which should be around half the supply (the collector of TS8) so if you want to add or alter anything then make R31 a preset for initial setting and then replace with a fixed resistor. The 47pf cap is OK.
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Old 23rd July 2012, 01:46 PM   #12
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do you mean that , if my supply is 35 V so it should be 17.5 V on the collector of TS8 ?
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Old 23rd July 2012, 05:36 PM   #13
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Yes... but it's not always as simple as that. I'll post some examples to show why.

Do you use or have LTspice ?

Also what is this preamp feeding "load wise" ?
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Old 23rd July 2012, 05:43 PM   #14
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Look at the pictures here. They show the points Vin and Vout and Vout_main. Vout_main is just Vout but after a cap to block the DC.

So three examples.
The first one "clipping" shows the output of the amp with it overdriven. You can see it clips pretty well symetrically.

Second one "Clipping 10K Load" is with a 10K load and that really alters things.

Third one "Equal Clipping" is with R2 altered to "fiddle" the clipping under load so it clips symetrically. This is for a 10K load and in practice you can see there is still a good swing available.

An easy option is to just add a third transistor as an emitter follower if you wanted. Circuits like this can be eleborated on indefinately but the basic two transistor amp is a sonic delight as the distortion is mainly even harmonic.
Attached Images
File Type: png Clipping.PNG (128.9 KB, 140 views)
File Type: png Clipping 10k load.PNG (133.2 KB, 133 views)
File Type: png Equal Clipping.PNG (131.3 KB, 105 views)
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Old 23rd July 2012, 06:47 PM   #15
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thanks molly ,
i assembled the pre ,
I checked the collector ts8 transistor volts and its 12V DC both side .

the pre work fine i think with no distortion or maybe with very low dist' .
by the way it sound good .

so we need to change r31 bias resistor ?

thanks moly , i have to go for an hour i will come back /
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Old 23rd July 2012, 06:56 PM   #16
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Aim to get the collector of TS8 at around half the supply voltage by altering either R31 or R30 (or both... depends what you have available) and it should be fine.

I'll put an even better example together for you later (maybe tomorrow) with a simple buffer stage on the output. (Which is a good excuse for me to practice my LTspice skills )
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Old 23rd July 2012, 07:24 PM   #17
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Here you go. Two simple buffers.

The first is just an emitter follower and the second adds a constant current load in place of the normal load resistor. Notice how this one can swing the full output voltage into a load of 600 ohms. The penalty for this (on both buffers) is a higher current consumption. If you know what load you are driving then you can tailor the design to suit.

The DC voltage at the output (end of C3) is 21 volts and that gives the maximum swing into 600 ohms. That shows how the output is biased away from the midpoint voltage to give optimum results for driving the 600 ohm (or higher) load.
Attached Images
File Type: png With Simple Buffer.PNG (130.7 KB, 100 views)
File Type: png CC loaded Buffer.PNG (124.9 KB, 90 views)
File Type: png Circuit.PNG (135.8 KB, 73 views)
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Last edited by Mooly; 23rd July 2012 at 07:26 PM. Reason: Circuit added
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Old 24th July 2012, 06:38 PM   #18
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I replaced R33(4K7) to 7k5 . to increase the gain to 8.5 (7.5+1) /1 = 8.5
I wanted more gain . the gain is ok now .

the bias resistors R30 R31 was 150K / 15 K .
and the voltage on the collector of TS8 was 20V
I replace the R31(15K) to 13K8 ( 150K\13K8 ) and now the voltage on the collector of TS8 is 17.8 I think its ok because the voltage is 35.4 V

its sound very good , with no clipping even with high volume .

you tried to teach me how to ensure that there will be no clipping . but I did not understand how to do it ?
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Old 24th July 2012, 06:46 PM   #19
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So you are using the circuit as drawn in post #8 ? Just the two transistors ?

Well that's great that you have it working and yes, it will sound very good indeed.
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Old 24th July 2012, 06:48 PM   #20
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Quote:
Originally Posted by Mooly View Post
So you are using the circuit as drawn in post #8 ? Just the two transistors ?
Or post #7 even
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