Constant Q parametric equalizers (SVF topology) - diyAudio
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Old 10th April 2010, 08:21 PM   #1
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Lightbulb Constant Q parametric equalizers (SVF topology)

Hello DIYaudio community!

I'm currently designing a 3 band parametric equalizer based on the 2nd order state variable filter as proposed by W. Kerman, L. Huelsman and R. Newcomb (State-Variable Synthesis for Insensitive Integrated Circuit Transfer Functions). I like its bandpass response because it is really easy to tune.

I've read articles about the use of this filter topology as a parametric equalizer (to adjust Q, center frequency and boost/cut). I think the most inspiring I read is the one by Ethan Winer (Spectrum Analyzer and Equalizer Designs) and I used his circuit as a basis. Since I didn't want to copy his circuit I studied to see how I could improve it.

One day I read Rane's Constant Q Graphic Equalizers article (http://www.rane.com/pdf/constanq.pdf) and now I'm obsessed with that idea, since I haven't been able to accomplish it. According to the author "The amplitude function must be entirely separate from the bandpass filter function" so I'm using a modified non-inverting SVF and bandpass gain is totally independent from Q.

Take a look at the graphs I obtained with LTSpice at various levels of boost/cut, you can see that Q is not constant at all levels. I would like to hear if someone has worked or is working on a similar project to share experiences.

M. Fricke

(Sorry about my bad english)
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Old 11th April 2010, 04:01 AM   #2
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If I can find it and digitize will post it here. If I do not remind me via private message. Good luck -Sum
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Old 12th April 2010, 03:44 AM   #3
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Thanks Sum, it would be nice to see what real constant q curves look like...
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Old 12th April 2010, 03:21 PM   #4
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Default Magic Filter

Wish I could claim this one but I cannot. Please thank Mr. Ike Wakibiashi for this one. He put a lot of work into it. Using half way decent parts I have gotten Q=2000 with this set up, WOW!

He gave this to everyone who ask so I pass it freely to this forums users.

Standing on the shoulders of giants, makes me a little taller. Ike was one of those giants.
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Old 16th April 2010, 03:12 AM   #5
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Was curious- did you get this to work and did it do what you wanted?

-Sum
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Old 16th April 2010, 04:18 AM   #6
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Hi Sum:

Thanks for the circuit, I will start "spiceboarding" the circuit, in previous days I was immersed in the non-inverting SVF equations, I studied a Rane schematic (http://www.rane.com/pdf/old/pe17sch1.pdf) of an equalizer that used this topology. With the common N-I implementation one is unable to achieve Q values lower than 1 (you can using the inverting SVF but then Q is dependant of gain and viceversa). Q can be less than 1 (using the N-I SVF only if):

a) R107 and R108 resistors are not equal but that will modify gain.
b) RC values are not equal (Rane's trick) however I haven't figured out what effect will this imbalance have on frequency and how to tune for the values needed so I will further study it.
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Old 24th September 2011, 08:30 PM   #7
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Are there any simpler ones than Winer's circuit that allow boosting/cutting, with the frequency and Q all independent(the response frickecello posted is exactly what I need)? I'd like to build 3 single band parametric EQs and cascade them for conceptual simplicity. The amount of opamps used won't be a problem, but I need a design that doesn't use any dual gang pots.

Last edited by dewasiuk; 24th September 2011 at 08:32 PM.
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Old 24th September 2011, 09:14 PM   #8
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Sorry I forgot to mention that I actually need constant Q as well. I gave the response a better look lol.
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Old 25th September 2011, 02:19 PM   #9
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The trouble is this is a second order function which means two integrators which leads to a dual pot. Do not use audio taper for frequency. Use a quality linear taper instead and my posted circuit will work fine. You could use a digital resistor ladder with some encoder and control circuit or possibly some device set up as a variable resistor. Linear taper dual gang are not so bad as audio taper pots for tracking and matching the linear ideal values.

Good luck and post if you find a suitable circuit.
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